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Title:Povezanost grafomotoričnih sposobnosti, fonološkega zavedanja in besedišča otrok v prvem in drugem razredu osnovne šole
Authors:ID Kolman, Kaja (Author)
ID Globačnik, Bojana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Kolman_Kaja_2019.pdf (1,63 MB)
MD5: CA68DE452A2C746EE857E9919356D4F6
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/020dc18d-fca9-4e83-8eb8-77eaa2e63596
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Otrok se vse življenje razvija tako na govornem kot tudi na motoričnem področju. V teoretičnem delu zaključnega dela je predstavljeno, kako poteka razvoj govora pri otroku, tj. od prvih glasov do tvorjenja stavkov in povedi. Opisane so najpogostejše govorne in jezikovne motnje, za katere so prikazana tudi posamezna odstopanja. V nadaljevanju sta podrobneje predstavljena razvoj fonološkega zavedanja in besedišča, ki sta med seboj prepletena, ter tudi težave, ki se lahko pojavljajo na posameznem področju. Ker je bil cilj magistrskega dela raziskati povezanost grafomotorike s fonološkim zavedanjem in besediščem, so podrobneje opredeljeni še razvoj motorike, grafomotorike in težave na tem področju – razvojne disgrafije. V empiričnem delu je bilo raziskano, ali obstaja povezanost med grafomotoričnimi sposobnostmi, fonološkim zavedanjem in besediščem otrok. Cilj je bil ugotoviti, kakšen je vpliv lateralnosti oz. dominantne roke na grafomotorične sposobnosti, kakšna je razlika med spoloma otrok. Med seboj se je primerjalo tri različne šole – matično in dve podružnični. Rezultati so pokazali, da so bili otroci, kjer poteka pouk kombinirano, uspešnejši pri reševanju preizkusa. Pokazalo se je, da dominantna roka nima vpliva na grafomotorične sposobnosti, temveč so bistveni drugi dejavniki. Izkazala se je vidna, a minimalna razlika uspešnosti med spoloma otrok. Pri tem je raziskava pokazala, da so bile deklice iz raziskovalnega vzorca v povprečju uspešnejše od dečkov. V raziskovalnem vzorcu se je pokazala povezanost med grafomotoričnimi sposobnostmi, fonološkim zavedanjem in besediščem.
Keywords:govor, fonološko zavedanje, besedišče, grafomotorika
Place of publishing:Maribor
Publisher:[K. Kolman]
Year of publishing:2019
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-74207 New window
UDC:159.946.3/.4(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:24875784 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:KMXFPRQL
Publication date in DKUM:13.11.2019
Views:1446
Downloads:286
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:19.08.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The relationship between graphomotor skills, phonological awareness and vocabulary of first nad second grade pupils at primary school
Abstract:The child’s speech and motoric development proceeds the whole life. In the theoretical part of the thesis it was presented, how the speech development of the child proceeds from the first sounds to the formation of sentences. Described were the most frequent speech impediments and solecisms, where we also presented individual deviations. Furthermore the importance of the development of the phonological awareness and vocabulary, which are closely interconnected, were presented in detail, as well as the difficulties that may arise on separate areas. The aim of the thesis was to research the connection of the graphomotor skills with the phonological awareness and the vocabulary. For this reason the development of the motoric functions, graphomotor skills and the difficulties in this area – the developmental dysgraphia – were defined in detail. In the empirical part it was researched, whether there is a connection between the graphomotor skills, the phonological awareness and the vocabulary of the children. The aim was to find out the influence of the laterality and the dominant hand respectively on the graphomotor skills and the difference between the child gender and to compare three different schools, the central school and two subsidiary schools. The results proved, that those children who take part in combined classes are more successful at solving tests. It was proved that the dominant hand does not have any influence on the graphomotor skills, but there are other factors more essential. A visible, though minimum difference of successfulness between the genders of the children was proved. According to the research results the girls of the research sample were on average more successful than the boys. The research sample showed a relationship between graphomotor skills, phonological awareness and vocabulary.
Keywords:speech, phonological awareness, vocabulary, graphomotorics


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