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Title:Spodbujanje razvoja slepih in slabovidnih dojenčkov in malčkov s pomočjo tipnih knjig in malega prostora
Authors:Kovačič, Katja (Author)
Kermauner, Aksinja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Kovacic_Katja_2019.pdf (7,49 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Zgodnje otroštvo zajema prva tri leta otrokovega življenja in je ključnega pomena pri razvoju vsakega posameznika. V tem času se postavljajo temelji za nadaljnji razvoj na vseh področjih (motorični razvoj, zaznavni razvoj, kognitivni razvoj in govor, socialni razvoj …). Pomembno je, da starši otrokom v tem obdobju otrokom zagotavljamo ustrezne spodbude in okolje prilagajamo tako, da v kar največji meri razvijajo svoje potenciale. Enako velja tudi za slepe in slabovidne dojenčke in malčke. Zaradi okvare vida moramo pri njih sistematično razvijati ostala čutila, da lahko s pomočjo kompenzacijskih strategij dosegajo enake cilje in rezultate, kot polnočutni otroci. Njihov razvoj lahko spodbujamo ob pomoči prilagojenih pripomočkov. Najbolje je, da učenje in raziskovanje sveta okoli njih poteka preko igre. Pri tem si lahko učinkovito pomagamo s tipnimi knjigami, prilagojenimi najmlajšim otrokom, in z malim prostorom, v okviru katerega otrok aktivno raziskuje okolico. Oba pripomočka vplivata na razvoj grobe in fine motorike, orientacije in koordinacije, na trening čutil, krepitev pozornosti in vztrajnosti, širjenje besednega zaklada in pojmovno zavedanje.
Keywords:slepi, slabovidni, tipne knjige, mali prostor, pristop aktivnega učenja
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[K. Kovačič]
Source:Maribor
UDC:373.2.091.6:[087.5+688.72]-056.262(043.2)
COBISS_ID:24876552 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:DCDJGZD7
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:54
Downloads:7
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Encouraging development of blind and visually impaired infants and toddlers by tactile books and little room
Abstract:Early childhood defines the period between birth and the age of three. The period is crucial in personal development. Foundations for further developments (motoric skills, sensory perception, cognitive skills, speech development, social development, etc.) are laid during this period. It is of the utmost importance parents provide proper encouragements and environment so children can develop the most of theirs potentials. The same principal goes for blind and visually impaired infants and toddler. Because of sight impairment, we have to systematically develop other senses with the help of compensational strategies, so that they achieve the same goals and results as children with full senses. Development of blind and sight impairment children can be encouraged with the help of adopted materials. Learning and exploring the world should be acquired through play. We can affectively help them with tactile books adopted for the youngest and with little rooms, where children actively explore their surroundings. Both didactic materials affect the development of gross and fine motor skills, development of orientation and concentration, senses training, building up of attention and persistence and enriching the vocabulary and concept awareness.
Keywords:blind, visually impaired, tactile books, little rooms, active learning approach


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