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Title:Primerjava gibalne učinkovitosti športno aktivnih in športno neaktivnih študentov ocenjenih z metodo FMS
Authors:Rebernak, Urška (Author)
Matejek, Črtomir (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Rebernak_Urska_2019.pdf (1,46 MB)
MD5: 28E2CDEE3267B45B29D7BC65314CBDA3
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, ali obstaja povezanost med športno aktivnostjo študentov in skladnostjo oziroma neskladnostjo v moči in gibljivosti mišic trupa in okončin, izmerjeno s pomočjo metode FMS (Functional Movement Screen). V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 80 študentk Pedagoške fakultete v Mariboru, starih med 20 in 24 let. S pomočjo ankete smo študentke uvrstili med športno aktivne (športno aktivne več kot 30/min dan) in športno neaktivne (športno aktivne manj kot 30 min/dan). Študentke so bile testirane s pomočjo metode FMS. Za statistično obdelavo podatkov je bil uporabljen računalniški program SPSS 20.0 za Windows. Z neparametričnim Mann-Whitney preiskusom za neodvisne vzorce smo ugotavljali statistično značilnost razlik v povprečjih rangov dveh skupin. Stopnja zaupanja pri vseh testih je bila 95 %. Rezutltati so pokazali, da v izvedbah FMS testov med skupinama športno aktivnih in športno neaktivnih študentk obstajajo razlike. Med športno aktivnostjo študentk in skladnostjo oziroma neskladnostjo v moči in gibljivosti mišic trupa in okončin, obstaja povezanost. Športno aktivne študentke pri testnih nalogah dosegajo višje ocene, kot športno neaktivne študentke, vendar pa je pri športno aktivnih študentkah zaznati neskladja v mnogo večji meri kot pri športno neaktivnih študentkah. Neskladja se pojavljajo pri testnih nalogah PRESTOP OVIRE z desno nogo in PRESTOP OVIRE z levo nogo, IZPADNI KORAK z levo nogo in IZPADNI KORAK z desno nogo, ZAROČENJE z levo roko in ZAROČENJE z desno roko, DVIG IZTEGNJENE NOGE z levo nogo in DVIG IZTEGNJENE NOGE z desno nogo, DVIG NOGE IN ROKE V OPORI KLEČNO z levo dvignjeno roko in DVIG NOGE IN ROKE V OPORI KLEČNO z desno dvignjeno roko. Gibalne sposobnosti se torej s primerno organizirano, vodeno in posamezniku prilagojeno športno aktivnostjo ali prostočasno vadbo lahko dodatno razvijajo. Športno neaktivni posamezniki imajo slabše razvite obe polovici telesa, med tem ko imajo športno aktivni posamezniki eno polovico telesa bolje razvito. Enolična športna aktivnost torej ne prispeva k skladnemu razvoju gibalnih sposobnosti, zato bi morala biti športna aktivnost otrok, mladostnikov, odraslih, raznolika in raznovrstna ter pravilno načrtovana.
Keywords:gibalne sposobnosti, motorične sposobnosti, gibalna dejavnost, skladnost
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[U. Rebernak]
Source:Maribor
UDC:796.012.1-057.875(043.2)
COBISS_ID:24704008 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:A2CSJYLO
Views:434
Downloads:88
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:06.06.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of physical efficiency of physically active and physically inactive students evaluated by FMS method
Abstract:Aim of the research was to determine whether there is a connection between physical activity of students and symmetries or asymmetries in strength and mobility of the body muscles and body extremities. The FMS method (Functional Movement Screen) was used for research evaluation. In the research participated 80 female students of the Pedagogical Faculty in Maribor, from age 20 to 24. With the aid of a questionnaire, we divided the students into physical active (active for more than 30 minutes/day) and physical inactive (active for less than 30 minutes/day). The students were tested by FMS method. The statistical treatment of the data was done with the aid of the computer program SPSS 20.0 for Windows. We assessed the statistical characteristics of differences in average ranges of the two groups by the non-parametrical Mann-Whitney test. Level of confident at all tests was 95 %. The data showed differences in implementations of FMS tests between physical active and inactive students. There is a connection between physical activity of students and symmetry or asymmetry in strength and mobility of the body muscles and body extremities. Physical active students reached higher scores at FMS testing than physical inactive students, but there are significant higher asymmetries at the physical active students than at the inactive group. Asymmetries were assessed with following FMS tests: right foot HURDLE STEP and left foot HURDLE STEP; left foot IN-LINE LUNGE and right foot IN-LINE LUNGE; left hand SHOULDER MOBILITY and right hand SHOULDER MOBILITY; left foot ACTIVE STRAIGHT LEG RAISE and right foot ACTIVE STRAIGHT LEG RAISE; ROTARY STABILITY by left raised hand and ROTARY STABILITY by right raised hand. Movement efficiency can be additionally developed by well-organized exercises, if they are according to the needs and capabilities of an individual. Exercises can be carried out by physical activity or in free time. Physical inactive individuals have both sides of the body less developed; physical active individuals have a better-developed part of the body. Uniform physical activity does not contribute to a coherent development of physical efficiency, thus physical activity of children, teenagers and adults should be diverse, miscellaneous and correctly planned.
Keywords:physical efficiency, motoric skills, physical activity, asymmetries


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