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Title:Novosti ureditve postopka prodaje na javni dražbi v izvršilnem postopku v Sloveniji in na Hrvaškem : magistrsko delo
Authors:Gril, Taja (Author)
Ivanc, Tjaša (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Gril_Taja_2019.pdf (1,02 MB)
MD5: A447F1FFCC2DD8C59206EA1FAC7C4736
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Namen izvršilnega postopka je doseči čimhitrejše poplačilo upnikove terjatve. Kadar do poplačila upnikove terjatve ne pride prostovoljno, je dražba premičnin in nepremičnin eno izmed pomembnejših izvršilnih sredstev, s katerimi upnik skuša priti do poplačila. Problem dražb je, da se predmeti praviloma prodajajo po ceni, ki je nižja od tržne vrednosti predmeta. S tem se prizadene tako inetrese upnika kot dolžnika. Nizka vrednost, ki jo dosegajo predmeti na dražbah je posledica različnih dejavnikov. Zlasti pri prodaji nepremičnin se je izkazalo, da med zinteresiranimi kupci pred vrati sodnih dvoran prihaja do dogovarjanj in podkupovanj z namenom, čimveč zainteresiranih oseb odvrniti od nakupa. S tem se zmanjša krog zainteresiranih posameznikov, ki so zainteresirani za draženje in s tem tudi verjetnost, da se na dražbi doeže cena, ki dosega tržno vrednsot predmeta. V marcu 2018 je zakonodajalec sprejel novelo ZIZ-L. Ena izmed vidnejših novosti je bila tudi uvedba elektronskih javnih dražb. Glede na samo naravo izvedbe, so za dražitelje, spletne javne dražbe veliko bolj preproste in časovno učinkovite. Glavni namen te novosti je narediti konec dogovarjanjem med dražitelji pred sodnimi dvoranami. Na žalost se sočasno s sprejetjem novele niso zagotovili tehnični pogoji, ki bi omogočili takojšnjo izvedbo elektronskih javnih dražb. Kakor pri vsaki novosti, tudi pri uvedbi spletnih javnih dražb lahko pričakujemo določene zaplete. Zapletom se lahko do določene mere izognemo v kolikor podrobneje preučimo pravne ureditve drugih držav, ki so spetene javne dražbe uvedle pred nami. Med njimi so vse sosednje države. Po podrobnejši preučitvu ureditve sosednje Republike Hrvaške lahko ugotovimo, da so se ob uvedbi spletnih javnih dražb soočali s številnimi težavami. Ključne težave so bile odločitve sodnikov, da so se nepremičnine, namesto na predvidenih spletnih javnih dražbah prodajale na klasičnih dražbah, tehnični vidiki, ki so pomembni pri izvajanju javnih dražb in računalniška pismenost povprečnega državljana. Vse te težave je potrebno upoštevati pri oblikovanju rešitev, ki jih bomo uporabili v našem pravnem sistemu.
Keywords:izvršilni postopek, izvršba za izterjavo denarne terjatve, predlog za izvršbo, sklep o izvršbi, izvršilna sredstva in predmet izvršbe, javna dražba, faze javne dražbe, novela ZIZ-L, elektronska javna dražba
Year of publishing:2019
Place of performance:[Maribor
Publisher:T. Gril]
Number of pages:69, 2 f.
Source:Maribor
UDC:347.238.8(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5740331 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:LKYTSQRQ
Views:699
Downloads:100
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:13.05.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Novelty of legal regulation of public auction in enforcement proceedings in Slovenia and Croatia
Abstract:The purpose of enforcement procedure is to repay the creditors claim as soon as possible. The public auction of movable or immovable property of debtor is one of the most important means of enforcement, if the debt is not repaid voluntarily. The biggest problem of public auction is that the object of auction is usually sold for less than its market value. Thus the interests of the creditor and the debtor are affected. Low value achieved by auction items is the result of a lot of different factors. Especially in the auction of real estate the main reasons for achieving a low selling price are agreements and bribes among auctioneers. Some of the auctioneers try to discourage others and force them not to participate in auction by offering them bribe. With that the circle of interested auctioneers is reduced and therefore the probability of reaching the market value is lowered. In March 2018 a Slovenian legislator adopted a new amendment of the Slovenian enforcement act, called ZIZ-L. One of the most important novelty of ZIZ-L is the introduction of online public auctions. Online auctions are much simpler and time efficient. But the main purpose of novelty is to end the collusion and bribery among auctioneers. Sadly, at the time of the adoption of ZIZ-L, the technical conditions for conducting an online public auctions, were not provided. As with every novelty we can also expect some initial problems with introducing the online auctions. But those problems can be avoided to some extend. The best way to avoid problems is to study legal regulation of other countries. All of our neighbouring countries have already introduced the online auctions in to their legal regulation of enforcement procedure. After detailed examination of legal regulation of public auctions of Republic Croatia, we can conclude that introduction of online public auctions can be linked to many problems. One of the main problems was the hesitation of judges to order an online public auction instead of regular court auction. Other problems that emerged were technical aspects of online public auctions and computer literacy of average citizen.
Keywords:enforcement proceedings, enforcement proceedings for monetary claim recovery, an action for enforcement, writ of execution, enforcement means and the object of enforcement, public auction, phases of public auction, Amending act ZIZ- L, electronic public action


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