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Title:Prisotnost ročnih del v tretjem vzgojno-izobraževalnem obdobju osnovne šole
Authors:Ketiš, Doroteja (Author)
Bratina, Tomaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Herzog, Jerneja (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Ketis_Doroteja_2019.pdf (1,85 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Že v prazgodovini so se ljudje ukvarjali z ročnodelskimi dejavnostmi, ki so se skozi zgodovino razvile in izpopolnjevale ter so prisotne še danes. Ročna dela in ustvarjalne dejavnosti nasploh povečujejo možnosti za večjo ustvarjalnost, motorične spretnosti ter blagodejno vplivajo na počutje. Prisotne niso samo v vsakdanjem življenju, ampak tudi v šoli ter umetniški praksi. V teoretičnem delu smo se osredotočili na ročna dela. Zapisali smo njihov pregled skozi zgodovino po obdobjih od predkamene dobe vse do danes. V sklopu tega smo opisali izbrana ročna dela. Posebno pozornost smo namenili pomembnim lastnostim ročnih del. Ob tem smo se osredotočili tudi na uveljavljanje ročnih del v pedagoškem procesu. V nadaljevanju smo izpostavili prisotnost ročnih del v umetniški praksi. Zanimal nas je tudi vpliv ročnodelskih dejavnosti na počutje. V empiričnem delu smo želeli preveriti stanje na področju ukvarjanja z ročnimi deli tako z vidika učencev kot z vidika učiteljev, ki izvajajo tovrstne dejavnosti. Zanimalo nas je, ali se učenci v tretjem vzgojno-izobraževalnem obdobju ukvarjajo s kakšnim ročnim delom, v kakšni obliki so ročna dela prisotna v osnovni šoli ter kakšna je povezanost med ročnimi deli in počutjem učencev ob ukvarjanju z ročnimi deli oziroma ustvarjanju. Pozornost smo namenili tudi učiteljem, ki izvajajo tovrstne aktivnosti v osnovni šoli, kjer nas je zanimalo, ali ročna dela, s katerimi se ukvarjajo, izvajajo tudi v šoli ter v kakšni obliki. Osredotočili smo se na obstoj razlik glede na stratum učencev. Rezultati anketnega vprašalnika so pokazali, da so v večini anketiranih šol ročna dela prisotna v obliki krožkov, v primestnih šolah je delež tovrstnih dejavnosti večji kot v mestnih šolah. Učenci se na splošno v večini ne ukvarjajo z ročnim delom. Ročnodelske dejavnosti na počutje učencev vplivajo pozitivno. Ob tem v večini učenci svoj prosti čas preživljajo s prijatelji v fizični obliki ali se gibljejo v naravi. Kaže se tudi povezanost v ukvarjanju z ročnimi deli in uporabo socialnih omrežij (tisti, ki se ukvarjajo z ročnim delom, manj uporabljajo socialna omrežja). Učitelji, ki se ukvarjajo z ročnimi deli, jih v večini tudi izvajajo v šoli, najpogosteje pri pouku likovne umetnosti, nekaj pa tudi pri interesnih dejavnostih.
Keywords:ročna dela, ustvarjalnost, motorične sposobnosti, interesna dejavnost
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[D. Ketiš]
Source:Maribor
UDC:745.5:373.3(043.2)
COBISS_ID:24457736 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:QYMID2AT
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:228
Downloads:52
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Presence of manual work in the third educational period of primary school
Abstract:Already in prehistoric times, people have been involved in handcraft activities that have developed and improved throughout history, and are still present today. Handwork and creative activities generally increase the chances of greater creativity, motor skills and have a beneficial effect on well-being. They are present not only in everyday life, but also in school environment and art practice. In the theoretical part, we focused on handwork. We wrote an overview of handwork throughout history following the periods from the prehistoric age to the present. In this context, we described the selected handwork. We paid special attention to the important characteristics of handwork. We also addressed the implementation of handwork into the pedagogical process. In addition, we highlighted the presence of handwork in art practice. We were also interested in the influence of handwork on well-being. In the empirical part, we wanted to determine the situation in the field of dealing with handwork, both from the pupils’ perspective and from the teachers’ point of view, the people who perform such activities. We were interested, whether pupils in the third educational period are engaged in any handwork, what forms of handwork are present in elementary school, and what is the connection between handwork and pupils’ welfare, when engaged in handwork or creation. We also paid attention to teachers, who perform such activities in elementary school. We were interested whether teachers who practice handwork in their spare time, introduce that same subject in school, and in what form. We put an emphasis on the existence of differences in terms of stratum of pupils. The results of the survey questionnaire show, that in the most of the surveyed schools, handwork is present in the form of extracurricular activities. In the suburbs, the share of these activities is higher than in urban schools. In general, pupils are mostly not engaged in handwork. Handcraft activities have a positive effect on pupils’ welfare. At the same time, most pupils spend their free time with friends, or are engaged in outdoor activities. It also shows the connection in dealing with handwork and the use of social networks (those engaged in handwork, spend less time on the social networks). Teachers, who practice handwork in their spare time, also perform them in school in most cases, most often in fine arts classes, and some in the form of extracurricular activities.
Keywords:handwork, creativity, motor skills, extracurricular activity


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