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Title:Kaznovanje otrok - nasilje ali vzgojni ukrep? : magistrsko delo
Authors:Duh, Anja (Author)
Frangež, Danijela (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Erčulj, Vanja (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Duh_Anja_2019.pdf (1,85 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:V magistrskem delu je predstavljeno kaznovanje otrok s strani staršev v Sloveniji. V teoretičnem delu smo opredelili pojem nasilje, vzgoja in vzgojni ukrepi. Opredeljeni so tudi storilci nasilja nad otroki. Opredelili smo vzgojne pristope, vzgojne ukrepe ter pojasnili, kakšen vpliv ima kazen na otroka. V zgodovini pa vse do danes so otroke usmerjali k primernemu vedenju s pomočjo groženj in kazni. V trenutku kaznovanja se zdi, da kazen deluje (Gray, 2002). Vendar otrok, ki je telesno kaznovan, ne razmišlja, kaj je storil narobe in kako bi to popravil, ampak razmišlja o tem, kako zlobni in nepravični so starši, ki ga fizično kaznujejo. Kaznovanje otrok je smiselno le takrat, kadar otrok ve, kaj je storil narobe. V vzgojnem postopku otroku ne zadajo telesnih bolečin, ne uporabljajo groženj, ne strašijo otroke, na splošno jim ne smejo dajati občutka, da je odrasel človek njihov sovražnik. Vzgoja mora temeljiti na učenju otroka ne na kaznovanju (Siegel in Payne Bryson, 2016). Empirični del magistrskega dela temelji na primarni raziskavi, za katero smo podatke pridobili s pomočjo spletnega vprašalnika. Podatke smo zbirali po načelu snežne kepe. Ciljna populacija so bili starši v RS. S pomočjo različnih analiz smo ugotovili, da starši ne glede na težo otrokovega neprimernega dejanja prepoznajo kot najprimernejši vzgojni ukrep pogovor z otrokom. Fantov in deklic ne bi kaznovali enako, moški in ženske se ne razlikujejo v izbiri ustrezne kazni za otroka, ugotovili smo tudi, da se zdi staršem, ki niso bili telesno kaznovani v otroštvu telesno kaznovanje nekoliko bolj sprejemljivo kot staršem, ki so bili telesno kaznovani v otroštvu.
Keywords:otroci, vzgoja, kaznovanje, vzgojni ukrepi, nasilje, magistrska dela
Year of publishing:2019
Year of performance:2019
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[A. Duh]
Number of pages:V, 77 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:343.62-053.4(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3774698 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:9XANJKKD
Views:53
Downloads:10
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:In my master´s thesis, the punishment of children by their parents in Slovenia is presented. In the theoretical part, we determined the concept of violence, upbringing, and educational measures. The offenders of violence against children are presented as well. We determined the upbringing approaches, educational measures, and explained what is the effect of the punishment on a child. Throughout history, children were guided to appropriate behavior with threats and punishments. When a child is punished, it seems that the punishment works (Gray, 2002). On the other hand, a child who is physically punished does not think what he did wrong and how to fix that. He thinks about how evil and unfair his parents are. The punishment of children is only reasonable when a child knows what he did wrong. In the process of upbringing, parents should not punish the child physically, use threats, scare children, and generally, they are not allowed to give them a feeling that a grown-up person is their enemy. The upbringing should be based on teaching a child, not on punishment (Siegel in Payne Bryson, 2016). The empirical part of my master´s thesis is based on primary research. We gained the information by a web questionnaire. We gained information by the snowball principle. The target population was parents in Slovenia. By means of different analyses, we found out that in the case of child´s inappropriate behavior, the most appropriate educational measure according to parents is a conversation with a child. Boys and girls are not punished equally. However, there is no difference between men and women when giving punishment. What is more, we found out that physical punishment is more acceptable for parents who were not punished physically in their childhood.
Keywords:Punishment of children, violence, an educational measure, upbringing.


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