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Title:DISKRIMINACIJA OTROK PRISELJENCEV V RAZREDU
Authors:Drevenšek, Maša (Author)
Vezjak, Boris (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Drevensek_Masa_2019.pdf (566,04 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:V magistrskem delu smo raziskali pojav diskriminacije otrok priseljencev v razredu. Naloga je razdeljena na teoretični in empirični del. V teoretičnem delu so opredeljeni pojmi, s katerimi se lahko otroci priseljencev srečajo znotraj šolskega območja in tudi v širši socialni skupnosti. Temelj raziskovalnega interesa je neenako obravnavanje, ki nima upravičenega razloga. Zakaj so ljudje obravnavani slabše od drugih? Ali le zaradi določene osebne okoliščine (npr. spol, starost, rasa, etnično poreklo, invalidnost, spolna usmerjenost, versko prepričanje …) ali kakšnega drugega razloga. Opredelili bomo pojem diskriminacija, zanimali so nas vzroki zanjo in kakšne vrste le te poznamo. Zanimalo nas je, kdo so pravzaprav priseljenci in kakšna je politika priseljevanja v Sloveniji. Skozi literaturo smo preučili, kako poteka vključevanje priseljencev v vzgojno izobraževalni sistem. Na katerih področjih vzgoje in izobraževanja se najpogosteje pojavlja diskriminacija, kdo je največkrat podvržen diskriminaciji, kako se ta zaznava in ali se ozavešča in preprečuje. V empiričnem delu magistrskega dela smo uporabili deskriptivno in kavzalno-neeksperimentalno metodo empiričnega pedagoškega raziskovanja. Zanimalo nas je, katera vrsta diskriminacije se pojavlja najpogosteje in kakšni so vzroki, pogostost pojavljanja, vloga spola, kakšno mnenje imajo učenci o priseljencih na splošno ter vzroki za pojav diskriminacije. Rezultate smo interpretirali na nivoju opisa in vzorčnega razlaganja, ki sloni na empiričnem preverjanju odvisnih zvez med pojavi. Naša raziskava temelji na vzorcu učiteljev razrednega pouka, ki poučujejo na različnih osnovnih šolah v mestu Maribor ter osnovnih šolah iz podeželja (okolica Maribora) in je usmerjena v opažanja tistih, ki delajo z otroki. Na podlagi dobljenih rezultatov ugotavljamo, da se diskriminacija v razredih še vedno pojavlja, da so vzroki najpogosteje narodna pripadnost oziroma rasa. Pojavlja se predvsem pri ženskem spolu, torej deklicah. S starostjo učencev se povečuje tudi pogostost pojavljanja diskriminatornega vedenja, katerega lahko povezujemo s strahom, ki ga prav tako starejši učenci občutijo ob priseljencih. Dobljeni rezultati kažejo, da imajo bistven vpliv na učence njihovi starši in skrbniki, mediji ter vrstniki. Diskriminatorno vedenje oz. stereotipe in predsodke učenci prevzamejo iz svojega vsakdanjega okolja.
Keywords:diskriminacija, otroci, priseljenci, vključevanje, integracija
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[M. Drevenšek]
Source:Maribor
UDC:376-054.72(043.2)
COBISS_ID:24509192 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:F3AOKPXB
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:122
Downloads:44
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:CLASSROOM DISCRIMINATION AGAINST IMMIGRANT CHILDREN
Abstract:In my master thesis I conducted research on classroom discrimination against immigrant children. The thesis is divided into two parts, a theoretical and an empirical one. In the theoretical part some terms are defined which immigrant children can encounter at school as well as in wider community. The basis fundamental part of my research interest is unequal treatment without an eligible reason which means why are some people treated worse than the others and is this the case due to some personal characteristics (gender, age, race, ethnic identity, handicap, sexual orientation, religion) or any other reasons. Furthermore, we will specify the term »discrimination« - we were interested in reasons for the existence of this phenomena and in variety of forms it takes. We also tried to find out who immigrants are and what the characteristics of the Slovenian immigration policy are. With literature we examined the processes of immigrant inclusion in the Slovenian educational system. It was also of our interest which fields of education undergo discrimination, who is discriminated, how discrimination is detected, whether the awareness of it is raised and whether there are any prevention methods against it. In the empirical part of the thesis the descriptive method as well as causal non-experimental method of empirical pedagogical research have been used. We inquired what the most frequent form of discrimination is and also what are the reasons for it, how often it occurs as well as what the role of gender is. We were also interested in the general students’ opinion on immigrants and in possible reasons for discrimination. The results have been interpreted on the level of description and model explanation which is based on empirical verification of dependent relationships among the phenomena. Our research is based on the generalist teacher sample working at schools in Maribor and its surroundings and is therefore focused on the observations of the people working with children. The results show that discrimination does occur in classrooms and is predominantly based on nationality or racial origin. It is mostly related to females, e. g. girls. Discriminatory behaviour is in rise with the students' age and we could relate it to fear of immigrants which is generally felt among older students. The results show that the students are mostly influenced by their parents, the media and their peers. Discriminatory behaviour or prejudice and stereotypes originate in the students' immediate environment.
Keywords:discrimination, children, immigrants, inclusion, integration


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