|Opis:||Burnout and depression are two of the most common mental disorders in a professional environment and are associated with many negative outcomes that can occur in the personal and organizational field. The aim of the present study was to examine individual factors and factors that are linked with symptoms of disorders after we leave our working environment. Thus, we examined how are burnout and depression associated with work-related irrational beliefs (failure and performance demands), work-home interruption behavior, cognitive job demands, emotional job demands, affective rumination, and mental detachment.
The sample consisted of a total of 207 employees, the age range was between 20 and 69 years, 54,1% were women. Employees had different levels of education and employment status. First, they filled out some demographic questions. Then we applied the test battery – Maslach Burnout Inventory-GS (MBI-GS), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Work Related Irrational Beliefs Questionnaire (WIB-Q), Work-Home Interruption Behavior questionnaire (WHIB), Work Related Rumination Questionnaire (WRRQ) and Job Demands and Resources Questionnaire. We tested the given hypothesis with hierarchical multiple regression and mediation analysis, where we put affective rumination and mental disconnection in the role of mediators.
Results have shown that burnout and depression are associated with similar constructs in the working environment and are therefore hard to segregate. The analysis has shown that burnout was predicted by affective rumination, mental detachment and work-home interruption behavior, the only predictor of depression was affective rumination. Mediation analysis has also shown that failure predicts burnout and depression through affective rumination, while mental detachment predicts only burnout. Work-home interruption behavior was linked with both dependent variables (burnout and depression) through mental detachment, while emotional job demands are associated with burnout through affective rumination. Results of mediation analysis, where performance demands and cognitive job demands were independent variables, were not statistically significant.|