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Title:Primerjava funkcionalnega izida po poškodbi sprednje križne vezi
Authors:Košič, Anja (Author)
Čretnik, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Pilih, Iztok (Co-mentor)
Roj, Igor Robert (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Kosic_Anja_2019.pdf (1,35 MB)
MD5: AB7926265660CFCEB74251F93F40D200
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Izhodišča, namen: Koleno je eden izmed osnovnih sklepov, ki omogočajo gibanje in premikanje, zaradi nenehnih obremenitev je izpostavljeno poškodbam. Posledica poškodbe sprednje križne vezi je zmanjšana funkcija kolena, omejitve pri vsakodnevnih aktivnostih in nezmožnost športnih aktivnosti, zato je pogosto potrebno kirurško zdravljenje in/ali dolgotrajna rehabilitacija. Cilj po poškodbi je vrnitev k aktivnostim brez omejitev in bolečin. Namen raziskave je bil pridobiti in predstaviti subjektivno oceno stanja kolenskega sklepa po končanem zdravljenju pri pacientih, ki so utrpeli poškodbo sprednje križne vezi. Raziskovalna metodologija in metode: Za teoretična izhodišča, pregled in analizo literature smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo dela. Empirični del naloge predstavlja na kvantitativni metodologiji temelječa raziskava. Zbiranje podatkov je potekalo s pomočjo anketnih (IKDC in Lysholm) vprašalnikov. V raziskavi, ki je potekala od septembra 2018 do decembra 2018, smo anketirali 100 pacientov, ki so utrpeli poškodbo sprednje križne vezi. Dobljene podatke smo statistično obdelali in analizirali s pomočjo računalniških programov Microsoft Office Excel 2016 in IBM SPSS 25.0. Rezultati: Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da se pogosteje poškodujejo moški (70%). Pred poškodbo je bilo športno aktivnih 95% posameznikov, glavni vzrok za poškodbo je bila prav športna aktivnost (73%). Po zaključenem zdravljenju se je odstotek aktivnih posameznikov znižal, vendar je ostalo športno aktivnih 78% anketirancev. Največ težav so navajali pri aktivnostih, ki vključujejo skoke, doskoke ter spremembo smeri gibanja. Razprava in zaključek: Poškodbe sprednje križne vezi so zaradi izjemnih zahtev v športu vse pogostejše. Pomembno je čimprejšnje zdravljenje, rehabilitacija in multidisciplinarna obravnava posameznika, saj lahko le tako dosežemo varno vrnitev k predpoškodbenim aktivnostim.
Keywords:kolenski sklep, poškodbe, rehabilitacija, sprednja križna vez, športna aktivnost, zdravljenje.
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[A. Košič]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616.728.3-001(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2477988 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:16XTSNJB
Views:856
Downloads:167
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:25.01.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of functional result after injury of anterior cruciate ligament
Abstract:Premises, purpose: The knee is one of the main joints that enables movement. Due to the persistent loads, it is exposed to various injuries. Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament result in reduced function of the knee, limitations in daily activities and disability of sports activities and therefore require many times surgical treatment and/or long-term rehabilitation. The ultimate goal of treatment should be restoring the ability of patients to return to pre-injury activities with no limitations and pain. The purpose of the study was to obtain and present a subjective assessment of the knee function after treatment in patients who suffered anterior cruciate ligament injury. Research methodology and methods: A descriptive method of work was used for the theoretical premises, overview and analysis of the literature. The empirical part of the thesis comprises the study, based on a quantitative methodology. Data collection was carried out with the help of survey (IKDC and Lysholm) questionnaires. The study from September 2018 to December 2019 included 100 patients with an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament. The collected data were analysed using Microsoft Office Excel 2016 and IBM SPSS 25.0. Results: The results of the study showed more frequently injured men (70%), with 95% sportsly active patients. Sports activities were the main reason for the injury (73%). After treatment the percentage of active individuals decreased, however 78% of the patients remained sportsly active, but mostly reported problems in activities that pertain jumping, landing and changing direction of movement. Discussion and conclusion: The number of anterior cruciate ligament injuries are increasing, due to the high demands in sports. These injuries should be treated as soon as possible with individualized but multidisciplinary approach to enable patients safely returning to pre-injury daily activities and sports.
Keywords:knee joint, injury, anterior cruciate ligament, rehabilitation, sports activity, treatment.


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