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Izpis gradiva Pomoč

Naslov:Mobilni telefoni med varno uporabo in sredstvom nasilja med osnovnošolci
Avtorji:ID Cvek, Mihaela (Avtor)
ID Pšunder, Mateja (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf DOK_Cvek_Mihaela_2019.pdf (3,32 MB)
MD5: 3FEA9D6255E85AF5CA9DF0B87709BF46
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/816d20c4-2214-4a03-8897-30adce2c9c58
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Doktorsko delo/naloga
Tipologija:2.08 - Doktorska disertacija
Organizacija:FF - Filozofska fakulteta
Opis:V doktorski disertaciji smo obravnavali uporabo mobilnih telefonov med osnovnošolci v Sloveniji. V teoretičnem delu smo izpostavili različne vidike mladostnikovega razvoja ter vlogo družine, vrstnikov in šole pri tem. Osvetlili smo mesto in vlogo mobilnih telefonov v sodobni družbi in v življenju mladostnikov ter opozorili na možne nevarnosti in pasti uporabe mobilnih telefonov med mladostniki. Prikazali smo nekaj primerov pozitivne uporabe mobilnih telefonov v vzgojno-izobraževalnem procesu in opozorili na morebitne pasti uporabe mobilnih telefonov v vzgojno-izobraževalnem procesu. Posebno pozornost smo namenili različnim vrstam nasilja med mladostniki, zlasti nasilju s sodobno tehnologijo ter strategijam za njihovo preprečevanje in odpravljanje. Empirični del je bil zasnovan na triangulacijskem pristopu in je združeval kombinacijo kvantitativnega in kvalitativnega pedagoškega raziskovanja. Temeljna ugotovitev kvantitativnega dela raziskave, izvedene od marca do junija 2016, v kateri je sodelovalo 843 učencev 6. in 9. razredov in 158 učiteljev razrednikov iz osnovnih šol vseh statističnih regij Slovenije, je, da so mobilni telefoni močno vpeti v življenje učencev. Raziskava je potrdila, da uporabljajo učenci mobilne telefone v šoli tudi nedovoljeno. Glede na imetje in način uporabe mobilnih telefonov med učenci so mobilni telefoni statusni simbol in sredstvo socialnega povezovanja. Le približno polovica učencev je navedla, da se zavedajo škodljivosti sevanja mobilnih telefonov. Raziskava je pokazala, da so mobilni telefoni sredstvo, zaradi katerega in s katerim se izvaja nasilje. Po navedbah učencev je bila približno desetina žrtev različnih oblik medvrstniškega nasilja, ki se je dogajalo zaradi mobilnih telefonov, slabi trije odstotki učencev so že bili žrtev nasilja z mobilnimi telefoni, dober odstotek učencev pa žrtev happy slappinga. Učitelji so kot najučinkovitejšo strategijo preprečevanja nasilja z mobilnimi telefoni ocenili dosledno ukrepanje v primeru kršitev v skladu z zapisanimi pravili, kot najbolj učinkoviti strategiji odpravljanja nasilja z mobilnimi telefoni pa resno jemanje in takojšnjo obravnavo vsakega znaka nasilja ter pogovor z žrtvijo in nudenje žrtvi podpore in pomoči. V povezavi z odgovorno in varno uporabo mobilnih telefonov so izrazili največje potrebe po izobraževanju o vsebinah, povezanih z nasiljem z mobilnimi telefoni. Raziskava je pokazala tudi, da so učenci bolj kot učitelji naklonjeni uporabi mobilnih telefonov v vzgojno-izobraževalnem procesu, učitelji pa se bolj kot učenci zavedajo možnih posledic tovrstne uporabe. Kvalitativni del raziskave je temeljil na polstrukturiranih intervjujih ravnateljev in analizi dokumentov šol (vzgojni načrt, šolska pravila in hišni red). Intervjuji z ravnatelji iz osmih osnovnih šol, ki so bile zajete tudi v kvantitativni del raziskave, so pokazali, da se, po navedbah ravnateljev, šole redko soočajo z nasiljem z mobilnimi telefoni. Ravnatelji so opozorili na slabo ozaveščenost o možnih nevarnostih uporabe mobilnih telefonov med učenci in učitelji. Kot najbolj učinkovito strategijo preprečevanja nasilja z mobilnimi telefoni so navedli ozaveščanje učencev in kot najbolj učinkovito strategijo za odpravljanje tovrstnega nasilja razgovore z učenci. Ravnatelji so navedli, da imajo različne vizije preprečevanja in ukrepanja ob pojavu nasilja z mobilnimi telefoni. Analiza dokumentov šol je pokazala raznoliko in deloma pomanjkljivo urejenost pravil uporabe mobilnih telefonov v šolah ter pristopov ukrepanja ob neupoštevanju pravil. Na osnovi dobljenih rezultatov smo v zaključku doktorske disertacije podali smernice za spodbujanje odgovorne in varne uporabe mobilnih telefonov med osnovnošolci.
Ključne besede:mobilni telefoni, učenci, statusni simbol, sredstvo povezovanja oz. izključevanja, elektromagnetno sevanje, nasilje z mobilnimi telefoni, preprečevanje in odpravljanje nasilja z mobilnimi telefoni
Kraj izida:[Maribor
Založnik:M. Cvek]
Leto izida:2019
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-72706 Novo okno
UDK:373.3:621.395.721.5(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:24551432 Novo okno
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:L3MOAPWA
Datum objave v DKUM:28.05.2019
Število ogledov:1981
Število prenosov:348
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:FF
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Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Mobile Phones between Safe Use and Means of Violence among Primary School Pupils
Opis:In this doctoral dissertation we discussed mobile phone use among primary school pupils in Slovenia. In the theoretical part we pointed out different aspects of an adolescent’s development and the roles of family and peers. We highlighted the place and the role of mobile phones in contemporary society and in adolescents’ lives and we pointed out possible dangers and traps of mobile phone use in adolescents. We demonstrated some examples of benign mobile phone use in the educational process and warned about potential traps connected therewith. We placed special attention to different forms of violence among adolescents, especially contemporary technology related violence, and to approaches to its prevention and abolition. The empirical part of the thesis was based on the triangular approach and it represented a combination of quantitative and qualitative pedagogical research. The fundamental finding of the quantitative part of the research, which was being conducted from March to June 2016 and in which 843 pupils from 6th and 9th grades as well as 158 class teachers from primary schools from all statistical regions of Slovenia participated, was that the mobile phones are heavily interwoven into the lives of adolescents. Considering the characteristics and the extent of mobile phone use in pupils, there were some differences concerning the gender and the grade. Girls and pupils from the 9th grade use mobile phones more often than boys and pupils from the 6th grade do. Girls, in comparison to boys, more often state that they associate fear and anxiety with mobile phone use. Mobiles phones represent a status symbol and a means of social interaction as well as exclusion and that is how pupils perceive them. Unlike boys and pupils from the 9th grade, girls and 6th graders more often consider mobile phones as a status symbol and as a means of social interaction or exclusion while, at the same time, they also claim be more aware of harmful mobile phones radiation. The research showed that mobile phones are a means that causes violence and also a means for the execution of violence. Boys are more likely to be offenders and victims in individual acts of violence connected to mobile phones. More precisely, girls and 9th graders tend to be the victims more often than boys and 6th graders, while boys and 9th graders are also the offenders in mobile phone related violence. Furthermore, the research showed that the pupils are more in favour of mobile phone use in the educational process than the teachers are, while teachers are more aware of possible consequences thereof. As the most effective strategy for mobile phone related violence prevention, teachers evaluated consistent reaction in case of an offence in accordance with established rules and as the most effective strategies for mobile phone related violence suppression, they evaluated the following: taking the situation seriously, reacting timely to every sign of violence, talking to the victim and offering them support and help. The qualitative part of the research was based on semi-structured interviews with principals and on school documentation analysis. The basic findings of the interviews with principals of eight primary schools included in this part of this research were that the use of mobile phones during the lessons is forbidden and that they rarely face mobile phone related violence. The principals stressed the bad awareness about possibilities of uncritical mobile phone use among pupils and teachers. As the most effective strategy for violence prevention they see awareness-raising among pupils and as the most effective approach to suppression of related violence they see discussions with pupils. Principals have different visions of prevention and intervention in case of mobile phone related violence. The school documentation analysis showed a considerable non-uniformity and insufficiency in the rules of mobile phone use at schools and in the approaches to noncompliance wit
Ključne besede:mobile phones, pupils, status symbol, means of connecting or exclusion, electromagnetic radiation, mobile phone violence, prevention and suppression of mobile phone violence


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