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Title:Omejitev lastninske pravice zaradi nedovoljene gradnje
Authors:Škarja, Sabina (Author)
Vrenčur, Renato (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Skarja_Sabina_2018.pdf (791,67 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:V naši državi je pravica do zasebne lastnine podana kot ena izmed človekovih pravic v 33. členu Ustave Republike Slovenije. Ustava RS v 67. členu določa, da je zakon tisti ki določa način pridobivanja in uživanja lastnine tako, da je zagotovljena njena gospodarska, socialna in ekološka funkcija. Zato svoje nepremičnine ne moremo uporabljati, uživati in z njo razpolagati po svoji volji, v kolikor obstaja zakon, ki nas pri tem omejuje zaradi gospodarskih, socialnih in ekoloških potreb drugih oseb. Omejitve glede uživanja zasebne nepremične lastnine se najbolj značilno urejajo v prostorskih aktih, ki določajo zazidljivost in pogoje za gradnjo. Izraz "črna gradnja", ki se je pri nas uveljavil za nezakonite, nedovoljene gradbene posege v prostor obravnavamo v osrednjem delu diplomske naloge. V slovenskem prostoru sta s 1. junijem 2018 pričela veljati dva pomembna predpisa (Zakon o urejanju prostora-2 in Gradbeni zakon), ki urejata področje urejanja prostora in prostorske ukrepe ter graditev objektov. V diplomski nalogi so opisane bistvene novosti, ki nam jih prinaša novi Gradbeni zakon (GZ). Med njimi razširja pojem objekta, uvaja enostavnejše in hitrejše postopke pridobitve gradbenega dovoljenja, investitorjem želi zagotoviti večjo pravno varnost in učinkovitejši nadzor. Zakon uvaja postopke s katerimi želi omogočiti čim širšo legalizacijo objektov, ki so bili zgrajeni brez potrebnih dovoljenj ali v nasprotju z njimi. Neupoštevanje predpisov pri gradnji objektov je sankcionirano s strani gradbenih inšpektorjev.
Keywords:Omejitev lastninske pravice, javni interes, nepremičnina, nedovoljena gradnja, Gradbeni zakon, inšpekcijski postopek, ukrepi in druge sankcije gradbenega inšpektorja, legalizacija.
Year of publishing:2018
Publisher:[S. Škarja]
Source:Maribor
UDC:347.238(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5676075 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:HFV6BWQR
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:290
Downloads:52
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Restriction of property rights due to unauthorizied construction
Abstract:In our country, Article 33 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia recognizes the right to private property as one of the human rights. The Article 67 of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia requires that it is the law that specifies the access to acquisition and enjoyment of property in a way to ensure its economic, social and ecological function. The law restricts the use, enjoyment, and disposal of one's property in a way that it does not encroach on the economic, social and ecological rights and interests of other people. Restrictions on the use of private immovable property are governed by the government spatial acts, which determine the residential plots and terms of construction. The central part of this dissertation addresses the term "black construction," which is in our country widely used to define the illegal, unauthorized buildings. In Slovenia, two crucial regulations entered into force on 1 June 2018 (Law of Spatial Planning - 2 and Construction Law) designed to regulate the conditions for the spatial planning, spatial measures and the construction of facilities. This dissertation outlines the essential changes introduced by the new Construction Law. The Construction Law extends the notion of an object, introduces simpler and faster procedures of obtaining a construction permit, and provides the investors with greater legal security and more effective control. The Law establishes the procedures to enable as widely as possible the legalization of buildings that were built without the necessary permits or in conflict with the regulations. Failure to observe the provisions on the construction facilities is sanctioned by the building and construction inspectors.
Keywords:Restriction on the property right, the public interest, immovable property, unauthorized construction, Construction law, inspection procedure, measures and other sanctions of the building and construction inspector, legalization.


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