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Title:Začasne odredbe v sporih glede neveljavnosti sklepov skupščine
Authors:Mernik, Sara (Author)
Rijavec, Vesna (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Mernik_Sara_2018.pdf (612,79 KB)
MD5: A3C511DFA9E12037B740EEFFDA81CE7B
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Dolgotrajni sodni spori povzročajo negotovost pri vsakodnevnem poslovanju gospodarskih družb. Slovenski pravni red zato določa sredstva zavarovanja, med njimi tudi začasno odredbo. V nalogi je podrobno predstavljen institut regulacijskih začasnih odredb. Slednje nimajo običajne zavarovalne narave temveč ureditveno. Z regulacijsko začasno odredbo se začasno uredijo pravna razmerja med udeleženci glavnega postopka. Temelj za uveljavitev takšnih začasnih odredb je pri nas postavilo Ustavno sodišče RS. Ustavno sodišče RS je ubralo glede regulacijskih začasnih odredb restriktiven pristop do pogojev, nujnih za uporabo regulacijske začasne odredbe. Ti so zakonsko in nezakonsko določeni, prvi zakonsko določeni je verjetnost, da terjatev obstaja ali da bo nastala, nato pa je potrebno izkazati še obstoj eno izmed treh alternativno določenih zakonskih predpostavk. Te so nevarnost, da bo uveljavitev terjatve onemogočena ali precej otežena ali da je odredba potrebna, da se prepreči uporaba sile ali nastanek težko nadomestljive škode ali da dolžnik z izdajo začasne odredbe, če bi se tekom postopka izkazala za neutemeljeno, ne bi utrpel hujših neugodnih posledic od tistih, ki bi brez izdaje začasne odredbe nastale upniku. Zadnji pogoj, je pogoj reverzibilnosti, ki ga je postavilo Ustavno sodišče. Z regulacijskimi začasnimi odredbami se zavarujejo zahtevki delničarjev kadar je sklep skupščine domnevno neveljaven. Sklep skupščine je korporacijskopravni akt, s katerim skupščina ureja voljo družbe in njeno poslovanje. Sklep skupščine pa je zaradi kršitev zakonskih določb velikokrat ničen ali izpodbojen. Upniki lahko uveljavljajo ničnost ali izpodbijajo sklep skupščine le sodno. Vendar pa je zaradi dolgotrajnih sodnih postopkov potrebno stanje do izida pravnomočne sodne odločbe začasno urediti. V takšnih primerih se lahko zgodi, da družba tudi več let posluje na podlagi neveljavnega sklepa skupščine. V izogib temu lahko sodišče izda regulacijsko začasno odredbo s katero dolžniku naloži opravo določenih ravnanj oziroma vzdržanje določenih ravnanj. S tem začasno zavaruje stanje, do pravnomočnosti sodne odločbe o glavni zadevi, na katero se začasna odredba nanaša.
Keywords:začasna odredba, regulacijska začasna odredba, sklep skupščine, neveljavnost sklepa skupščine, ničnost sklepa skupščine, izpodbojnost sklepa skupščine.
Year of publishing:2018
Publisher:S. Marin]
Source:[Maribor
UDC:347.993.2(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5653035 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:ZRBSUJMD
Views:805
Downloads:131
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Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:16.09.2018

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Temporary Injunctions in Disputes on Invalidity of General Meeting's Decisions
Abstract:Long lasting disputes cause uncertainty in the day-to-day operations of companies. Therefore, the Slovenian legal order provides means of insurance, among them also temporary injunctions. The regulatory temporary injunction temporarily regulates the legal relations between the participants in the main procedure. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia gave life to regulatory temporary injunctions. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia has taken a restrictive approach to the conditions necessary for the application of the regulatory temporary injunction. The conditions are provided by the law and by the judgement of the Constitutional Court. The first provision provided by the law is the probability that the claim exists or will exist. Together with this condition, the creditor must prove also one of three alternatively defined conditions provided by the law. These are the risk that the enforcement of the claim will be rendered impossible or impeded, or that the order is necessary in order to prevent the use of force or the occurrence of hardly replaceable damage, or if the debtor, would not have suffered serious negative consequences by issuing a temporary injunction, comparing to the consequences that would burden the creditor without issuing a temporary injunction, if such injunction is during the proceeding proven unfounded. The last condition, which is provided by the Constitutional Court decision is a condition of reversibility. Regulatory temporary injunction protects the claims of shareholders when the decision of the General Meeting is invalid. The decision of the General Meeting is a corporate law act with which the General Meeting regulates the company's will and its business. The decision of the General Meeting is often null and void due to violations of legal provisions. Creditors may invoke invalidity or challenge the decision of the General Meeting only in front of the court. However, due to long-lasting legal proceedings, the state of affairs must be regulated temporarily, until the outcome of a final decision of the court. In such cases, the company may also operate for several years on the basis of an invalid decision of the General Meeting. In order to avoid this, the court may issue a regulatory temporary injunction ordering the debtor to perform certain actions or to abstain from certain actions. By doing so, the court temporarily secures the situation until the decision in the case to which the temporary injunction relates becomes final.
Keywords:the temporary injunction, regulatory temporary injunction, general meeting’s decision, invalidity of the general meeting’s decision, annulment of the general meeting’s decision, voidability of the general meeting’s decision.


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