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Title:Biološka predobdelava lignoceluloznih materialov z glivami bele trohnobe
Authors:Cizl, Jasna (Author)
Čuček, Lidija (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Pohleven, Franc (Co-mentor)
Islamčević Razboršek, Maša (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Cizl_Jasna_2018.pdf (3,26 MB)
MD5: BBE412635486C6D3DFB84801A577C574
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FKKT - Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Abstract:Namen raziskave je bil izvesti predobdelavo piščančjega gnoja z nastiljem, ki je iz mešanice slame in žagovine. Za izboljšanje razmerja C/N smo mešanici piščančjega gnoja z nastiljem dodali še slamo v razmerjih 80:20 in 60:40 (razen mešanice 100:0, ki je brez dodane slame). Predobdelavo smo izvedli z dvema glivama bele trohnobe in sicer z osmojeno bjerkandero (Bjerkándera adústa (BJA)) in z zimsko panjevko (Flammulina velutipes (FL)) ter preko produktov razgradnje spremljali proces glivne predobdelave. Tekom raziskave smo merili količino sproščenega CO₂ v različnih z glivo predobdelanih mešanicah pri različnih časih predobdelave in različnih razmerjih gnoja in slame. Pri dobro preraščenih mešanicah smo spremljali tudi deleže lignina, ogljikovih hidratov ter ekstrahiranega materiala. Ker je v literaturi navedeno, da glive razgradijo lignocelulozo v monosaharide glukozo, ksilozo, manozo, galaktozo, ramnozo in arabinozo, smo ugotavljali še prisotnost monosaharidov. To smo ugotavljali za preraščen nehidroliziran in hidroliziran material z glivo BJA. Za spremljanje količine sproščenega CO₂ in porabljenega kisika smo uporabili CO₂ in O₂ senzorja in plinski kromatograf. Ugotovili smo, da se CO₂ sprošča, vendar je bilo preraščanje gliv neenakomerno, zato je bilo neenakomeeno tudi sproščanje CO₂. Več CO₂ se sprošča pri glivi BJA, ki je tudi bolje preraščala material. Najboljša preraščenost substratov je bila pri mešanici z razmerjem 60:40. Glivi sta preraščali tudi mešanice brez dodatka slame (mešanica 100:0), vendar precej slabše. Količina lignina se zmanjšuje s časom preraščanja, ker glive razkrajajo lignin, delež ogljikovih hidratov pa se povečuje. Z metodo GC-MS nismo uspeli dokazati, da bi glive razgradile lignocelulozo v monosaharide oz. je bila prisotnost monosaharidov pod mejo zaznave za analizo s tako metodo.
Keywords:lignocelulozni material, predobdelava, glive bele trohnobe, proizvodnja CO₂, monosaharidi, količina lignina
Year of publishing:2018
Publisher:[J. Cizl]
Source:Maribor
UDC:[606:628.4]:547.458.84(043.2)
COBISS_ID:21981718 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:SQO4IJ8H
Views:499
Downloads:75
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:KTFMB - FKKT
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:14.09.2018

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Biological pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials with white rot fungi
Abstract:The purpose of the study was to carry out pre-treatment of chicken manure with bedding which is from a mixture of straw and sawdust. In order to improve the C/N ratio, straw has been added to the mixture of chicken manure with bedding in ratios 80:20 and 60:40 (except 100:0 mixture, which was without added straw). Pre-treatment was carried out with two types of white rot fungi, Bjerkandera adusta (BJA), commonly known as the smoky polypore or smoky bracket and Flammulina velutipes (FL), also known by the name golden needle mushroom, futu mushroom or lily mushroom. Throughout the study, the amounts of CO₂ released was measured in various fungus pre-treated mixtures at different pre-treatment times and with various proportions of manure and straw. In well-overgrown mixtures by fungi, the proportions of lignin, carbohydrates and extracted material were monitored. As it is stated in the literature that fungi degrade lignocelluloses into monosaccharides glucose, xylose, mannose, galactose, ramnose and arabinose, the presence of monosaccharides was also monitored for non-hydrolysed and hydrolysed material overgrown by fungus BJA. To monitor the amounts of released CO₂ and consumed oxygen, CO₂ and O₂ sensors and a gas chromatograph were used. It was discovered that CO₂ was released, but the growth of fungi was uneven, and consequently also the production of CO₂ was uneven. More CO₂ was released by the BJA fungus, which has overgrown the material better. The best fungal overgrowth of the substrate was for a mixture with a ratio of 60:40. The fungi grew also over mixtures which had no addition of straw (mixture 100: 0), but much worse than for mixtures with addition of straw. The amount of lignin was decreased with the time of overgrowth because the fungi decompose lignin, while the proportion of carbohydrates has increased. Using the GC-MS method, the proof that fungi would degrade lignocelluloses into monosaccharides was not successful or the presence of monosaccharides was below the detection limit for analysis with such method.
Keywords:lignocellulosic material, pre-treatment, white rot fungi, CO₂ production, monosaccharides, amount of lignin


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