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Title:Varnost človeškega življenja na morju : diplomsko delo visokošolskega študijskega programa Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:Petričevič, Matic (Author)
Tominc, Bernarda (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Petricevic_Matic_2018.pdf (1023,55 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Diplomsko delo obravnavana zagotavljanje varnosti človeških življenj na morju. Varnost človeškega življenja na morju se nanaša na varnost posadke in potnikov na ladji. Človeško življenje je na morju izpostavljeno različnim dejavnikom tveganja varnosti, ki so v zvezi z morjem, ladjo, tovorom in ladijsko posadko. Zaradi nesreče britanske prekooceanske potniške ladje Titanic, v kateri je umrlo veliko ljudi, je bila leta 1914 sprejeta prva Mednarodna konvencija o varstvu človeškega življenja na morju. V letu 1948 je bila ustanovljena Mednarodna pomorska organizacija, ki je na mednarodni ravni prevzela odgovornost za varnost človeških življenj na ladjah trgovske mornarice. V začetku šestdesetih let prejšnjega stoletja se je zaradi občutnega zmanjšanja števila vojn in povečanja blagostanja v nekaterih državah začel razvijati ladijski turizem. Postopoma se je število potnikov začelo večati in povečala se je tudi zmogljivost ladij. Varnost človeškega življenja na morju se je ponovno postavila pod vprašaj v sodobnem času, ko so se začele dogajati nesreče potniških ladij, ki so povzročile posebno veliko število smrtnih žrtev. Kmalu so ugotovili, da za tako veliko število smrti ni kriva narava ali tehnologija, ampak predvsem človek. Številne preiskave nesreč so namreč pokazale, da so ladijske družbe slabo upravljale s pomorsko varnostjo in niso imele vzpostavljenega varnostnega menedžmenta. Varnost je bila v celoti prepuščena ekonomiji podjetja. Z namenom izboljšanja razmer je leta 2002 v veljavo stopil Mednarodni kodeks za varno upravljanje ladij, ki je določil pristojnosti in odgovornosti ladjarja, kapitana in pooblaščene osebe za varnost ljudi in okolja tekom opravljanja pomorske dejavnosti. Zaradi tega je v zadnjih desetih letih na svetovni ravni prišlo do upada števila zelo resnih ladijskih nesreč, vendar se med njimi še vedno pojavljajo nesreče s številnimi smrtnimi izidi, h katerim pa bistveno prispeva tudi slaba varnostna kultura zaposlenih, predvsem kapitanov.
Keywords:diplomske naloge, pomorska varnost, konvencija, dejavniki tveganja, nesreče, varnostni menedžment
Year of publishing:2018
Year of performance:2018
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[M. Petričevič]
Number of pages:VI, 40 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:005.934:656.6(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3604458 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:MGBORRYM
Views:266
Downloads:56
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Safety of life at sea
Abstract:Diploma thesis deals with safety of life at sea. Safety of life at sea refers to the crew and passenger safety on board the ship. The safety of life at sea is exposed to various risk factors which are related to sea, ship, cargo and ship´s crew. Because of the British passenger transatlantic ocean liner Titanic accident in which many people had died the first International convention for the safety of life was adopted in 1914. In 1948, the International maritime organization was established, and which took full responsibility for safety of human lives on board ships of merchant navy. In the early 1960’s after the decline of wars and because of increasing welfare in some countries, the ship tourism started to develop. Gradually, the number of ship passengers increased rapidly, and ship capacity also began to grow. But safety of life at sea was again called into question when several ship accidents ended with abnormally high number of deaths occurred. Soon it was found that such high number of deaths were not dependent on nature or technology but because of human factor. Several accident investigations have shown that shipping companies have poor management of maritime safety and did not have establish safety management system. Safety was fully dependent on business interests. To improve the safety conditions, the International safety management code entered into force in 2002. The code defined responsibilities and authority for ship-owner, captain and designated person for ship safety and keep the environment safe against ship pollution during the sea voyage. This has led to decline in the number of very serious marine casualties in the last decade. However, there are still accidents which are significantly contributing by the poor safety culture of employees, especially the captains.
Keywords:maritime safety, convention, risking factors, accidents, safety management


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