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Title:Crime prevention in Germany: Relevance of community crime prevention and victim-offender mediation : bachelor thesis
Authors:ID Pozderec, Robi (Author)
ID Meško, Gorazd (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Kury, Helmut (Comentor)
Files:.pdf UN_Pozderec_Robi_2018.pdf (648,36 KB)
MD5: C6296DD879633C8A868F02A6FE86950F
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/b79df4bb-773a-4b7e-addd-019bf172a936
 
Language:English
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Crime is an ancient problem, which has always been and will be a trouble for every society. Punishment has been seen as a natural reaction for crime or delinquent behaviour; if it didn’t help to reach the desired outcome, even harsher punishment was inflicted upon the offenders. Even though punishment became harsher throughout the time, it didn’t deter offenders from committing a crime. Over the centuries, crime prevention strategies were based on deterrence theory; this theory relied on perceiving the threat of punishment which is so severe, that it would outweigh any potential profit from committing a crime. In the 21st century, deterrence theory is still the dominant approach to prevent crime. Nevertheless, it was shown that imprisonment is poor strategy for crime prevention. Not only it does not deter offenders from committing a crime, but in some cases, after release from prison, they tend to reoffend because they have a problem with reintegration into society. In addition to not being effective as a strategy for drop in crime rates, incarceration is also very costly sanction. In the past decades, these reasons have led criminologists to put in the foreground alternative ways to imprisonment, which would result in effective crime prevention. Two of such are victim-offender mediation as a method of restorative justice and community crime prevention, where the community is the object of interest which relies on participation of the citizens and tries to recognize potential of crime in the community early on.
Keywords:crime prevention, restorative justice, mediation, community, Germany
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[R. Pozderec]
Year of publishing:2018
Year of performance:2018
Number of pages:VII, 59 str.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-71516 New window
UDC:347.925
COBISS.SI-ID:3628266 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:X3CSIC94
Publication date in DKUM:25.10.2018
Views:1540
Downloads:64
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Preprečevanje kriminalitete v Nemčiji: Pomembnost preprečevanja kriminalitete v skupnosti in mediacije med žrtvijo in storilcem
Abstract:Kriminal je starodaven problem, ki je bil že od nekdaj in vedno bo težava vsake družbe. Kazen je bila vedno naravna reakcija za storitev kaznivega dejanja ali odklonskega vedenja; če le-ta ni pomagalo doseči rezultata, so bili storilci kaznovani še huje. Čeprav so kazni skozi čas postajale vedno bolj stroge, to ni odvračalo storilcev od storitev kaznivih dejanj. Čez stoletja so strategije preprečevanja kriminalitete temeljile na teoriji odvračanja; ta je temeljila na dojemanju grožnje kaznovanja, ki je tako huda, da odtehta dobiček, ki bi bil posledica storitve kaznivega dejanja. V 21. stoletju je teorija odvračanja še vedno prevladujoči pristop k preprečevanju kriminalitete. Vendar, kot se je izkazalo, je kaznovanje v obliki zapornih kazni slaba strategija preprečevanja kriminalitete. Ne le, da storilcev ne odvrača od storitve kaznivega dejanja, ampak se v nekaterih primerih zaporniki pogosto, sploh po prestani hujši kazni, vnovič zatekajo h kaznivim dejanjem, saj se s težavo reintegrirajo v družbo. Ne samo, da zaporna kazen ni učinkovita strategija teorije odvračanja, saj se odstotek kriminala ne zmanjša, temveč je tudi zelo draga sankcija. Zaradi navedenih razlogov so zadnja desetletja kriminologi v ospredje postavljali razvijanje alternativnih poti in teorij, ki bi vodile k učinkovitemu preprečevanju kriminalitete. Dve od teh sta restorativna pravica v obliki mediacije med žrtvijo in storilcem, katera je ugodna tako za žrtev kot storilca in preprečevanje kriminalitete v skupnosti, kjer je skupnost objekt interesa, ki se nanaša na sodelovanje občanov ter poskuša preprečiti kazniva dejanja, še v povojih.
Keywords:preprečevanje kriminalitete, mediacija, restorativna pravica, skupnost, Nemčija


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