|Opis:||Unaccompanied children are those who are located outside the home country, unaccompanied by both parents, or without marital or after a particular administrator and are under the age of 18 years. They represent one of the most vulnerable group of refugees or migrants. All refugees and not just the kids, otherwise suffer already because they are far away from their home country, their family, friends and home. They are faced with trauma and fear caused by living in extremely difficult circumstances, in the absence and in the persecution, danger, threatened in the country of origin, as well as on the path in the target country. They have to get used at a totally different way of life on the other end of the world, integrate into society, which to them is completely foreign and must endure even special procedures, so that the residue from a foreign country to them is at all enabled. In the case when it comes to the minor or the child, the situation is even much heavier, as it is located in a foreign country, without adult persons who arrange for the provision of its benefits and is deprived of his protection and the protection that parents or guardians. should offer. The vulnerability also comes of course from its minority since due to their low age they are not ready to cope with the world, new country, new people, a mountain of procedures and adjusting to a completely new life. They are exposed to different negative factors, often become victims of sexual, physical or psychological violence, or even victims of trafficking.By the year 2015 in the Republic of Slovenia we did not have the experience with a greater number of unaccompanied children, as it was for most of them Republic of Slovenia just transient but not the target country, however, statistics show that the number of unaccompanied children in the Republic of Slovenia in last century is growing strongly. Procedures for the consideration of this group of minors, were in Republic of Slovenia in spite of not a large number, in place. However, examples were solved individually and the practice was not established. When in the year 2015 embarkation of many unaccompanied minors began, procedures intended for the care of this group of migrants, has shown its shortcomings. In the case when Republic of Slovenia for unaccompanied minors is not only the transit country, but they stay here, is for them required to enable participation in society and normal development.
The care of unaccompanied children is a very broad area and must be properly arranged. The procedures goes from the layout of the legal representative, to medical care, involvement in school and stays, that is why we the comprehensive and detailed legal regime is needed. The basic laws in this field are the Act on international protection, the Act on aliens and the Law on marriage and family relationships act. Act on international protection sets out the general principles, procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection, the extent and duration, rights, obligations of the applicants and defines the concepts of refugee status and of subsidiary protection status. Act on aliens specifies the conditions and method of entry, stay and exit of foreigners in Republic of Slovenia. It is used for the aliens and for all stateless persons, but not for applicants for international protection and foreigners who have been recognised international protection and to persons who have in Republic of Slovenia a temporary shelter. Unaccompanied children have at the time of entry in Republic of Slovenia two options. The first possibility is that they remain in the country without status as illegal migrants and are housed in the Centre for foreigners until they are returned to their country of origin. The second option gives them the opportunity to apply for international protection and wait until a decision is taken.|