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Title:Izbruh virusa Ebole v Zahodni Afriki med leti 2013 in 2016 ter nezmožnost zajezitve
Authors:Pušnik, Marko (Author)
Duh, Darja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Rozman, Urška (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Pusnik_Marko_2018.pdf (570,89 KB)
MD5: 3C46BCD98D8B1922411CC911852B1204
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretično izhodišče: Kljub razpoložljivim virom znanstvenih dosežkov v tehnologiji in zdravstvu industrializiranega sveta, nerazvite države še vedno trpijo za posledicami nalezljivh bolezni, ki so v moderni družbi skorajda eradicirane. V diplomskem delu smo ugotavljali, kateri vzroki so bili ključni za nastanek izbruha in nezmožnosti zajezitve virusa Ebole, ter predstavili ukrepe za ustrezno ozaveščenost, pravočasno odzivanje, izolacijo virusa in uspešno zdravljenje v prihodnosti. Metodologija: V diplomskem delu smo uporabili deskriptivno ali opisno metodo dela, s pregledom znanstvene in strokovne literature. Med seboj smo primerjali mnenja različnih avtorjev, ki so nas pripeljala do odgovorov na zastavljena raziskovalna vprašanja. Rezultati: Ugotovili smo, da je bil eden izmed glavnih vzroki za nastanek izbruha in širitve virusa, nepravočasen odziv lokalnih in nacionalnih oblasti, ki bi v primeru hitrejšega ukrepanja, lahko prepečil nadaljno množično širitev virusa. Preostali vzročni dejavniki, pa so kasneje bili le posledica neučinkovitega ukrepanja, ob izjemi geografske lociranosti, ki je ostala nespremenjena. Na množično širitev virusa je prav gotovo vplival tudi migracijski faktor, zaradi slabih živjenskih pogojev in revščine, kar se odraža na ravni nerazvite zdravstvene infrastrukture, neizobraženega in neinformiranega prebivalstva, ter strokovnega zdravstvenega osebja. Razprava in zaključek: Ugotovili smo, da je predispozicija Afriških držav, lokaliziranih na žariščnih geografskih območjih potencialnih prenašalcev virusa, v kombinaciji s socio-ekonomsko in organizacijsko pomankljivostjo, v veliki meri vplivala na nastanek izbruha virusa Ebole. S prepoznavanjem organizacij nacionalnega in državnega nivoja, bo v prihodnosti več sredstev namenjenih zdravstveni stroki s stališča organizacijskih, komunikacijskih in strokovnih kompetenc, razvoju terapije in diagnostike, ter ozaveščenosti prebivalstva.
Keywords:Ebola hemoragična mrzlica, Afriška celina, izbruh, vzroki za nastanek, preprečitev širjenja, terapija, ukrepi za prihodnost.
Year of publishing:2018
Publisher:[M. Pušnik]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616.98(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2446500 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:AALGI1H3
Views:498
Downloads:62
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:15.08.2018

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Outbreak of ebola virus in west africa between years 2013 and 2016 and inability of containment
Abstract:Theoretical starting point: Despite the available sources of scientific achievements in technology and health of the industrialized world underdeveloped countries continue to suffer from the effects of contagious diseases that are almost eradicated in modern society. In the bachelor work we searched for causes which were crucial for the outbreak and the inability to contain the Ebola virus and presented measures for appropriate awareness, timely response, virus isolation and successful treatment in the future. Methodology: In the bachelor work we used the descriptive method of work, with a review of scientific and technical literature. We compared each other's opinions among the different authors, which led us to the answers of the asked research questions. Results: We found that one of the main causes for the outbreak and the spread of the virus was the untimely response of local and national authorities, which in the event of a quicker response, could have stop further massive spread of the virus. The remaining causative factors which happend afterwards only resulted from ineffective action, with the exception of geographical location, which remained unchanged. The massive spread of the virus was also influenced by the migration factor, due to poor living conditions and poverty, which is reflected in the level of underdeveloped health infrastructure, uneducated and uninformed population, and professional healthcare personnel. Discussion and conclusion: We have found that the predisposition of African countries localized in focal geographic areas of potential virus carriers, combined with socio-economic and organizational deprivation, have largely affected the onset of an Ebola virus outbreak. With the future recognition of world wide and national level organizations, there will be more funds devoted to the health department in terms of organization, communication and professional competences, development of therapy and diagnostics, and the awareness of the populations.
Keywords:Ebola haemorrhagic, African continent, outbreak, causative agents, containment measures, therapy, future measures.


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