|Abstract:||Goričko, a hilly region in the northeastern part of Slovenia, has always been a frontier area throughout history, where contacts between the Slavic, Germanic and Hungarian worlds occurred. Although Goričko, together with the other Prekmurje, was separated from the rest of the Slovene people on the right side of the Mura for more than a thousand years, managed to preserve its ethical and linguistic character despite the pressure of the Hungarian authorities. The first half of the 20th century brought full changes and shocks that affected the population and gave them a permanent mark. In this short period, many of the Goričko residents died in the battlefields of the First and Second World Wars, which affected the development of the population in Goričko. The breakthrough moment in the history of the Goričko residents was the signing of a peace treaty between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the Kingdom of Hungary, which brought the reunification with Slovenes in the Kingdom of the SHS. During World War II, Goričko again belonged to Hungary, which decided to erase all traces left by the Yugoslav state. The end of the war brought relief and reunification with the other Slovenes with whom we still share a common path today.
During the research period, five official censuses were carried out in the Goričko area. The censuses of 1900 and 1910 were carried out in the Hungarian half of the Austro-Hungarian state. The first census after the First World War was carried out in 1921 in the Kingdom of the SHS. In 1931, the census of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was followed, to which the next census should follow in 1941, but the outbreak of the Second World War moved the census by seven years. The last census was carried out in 1948, organized by the Socialistic Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. By comparing the censuses, we can create a picture of demographic changes following military intervention, changing the authorities and political and economic changes. Because of the imperfections and changing criteria from the census to the census, comparison of the censuses is more complex and does not give a completely realistic picture of the then demographics.|