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Title:Odkrivanje in preprečevanje finančne kriminalitete : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študijskega programa Varstvoslovje
Authors:ID Černjak, Breda (Author)
ID Eman, Katja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Cernjak_Breda_2018.pdf (1,39 MB)
MD5: B161D3A93230711B650AF69A3F308769
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/3098d2e9-c0ca-4a64-8bbf-c5395d5c8c86
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:V današnjem svetu se srečujemo s pojavom različnih vrst kriminalitete. Kazniva dejanja, ki vplivajo na družben in gospodarski razvoj ter povzročajo državi večmilijonsko škodo, uvrščamo med gospodarsko kriminaliteto. Med najpogostejše oblike gospodarske kriminalitete sodi finančna kriminaliteta, ki je tudi najbolj zapletena, zaradi tega pa tudi najtežja oblika za odkrivanje in preiskovanje. Preučevanje tega odklonskega pojava je postalo pomembnejše ob nastopu finančne krize, ko so vodilni v finančnih institucijah s svojo pohlepnostjo ogrozili celoten svet, zato tako pomembne institucije ne smejo delovati brez zunanjega nadzora in regulacij ter strogo predpisanih pravil, določenih odgovornosti in sankcij. Glavno značilnost gospodarske in finančne kriminalitete predstavlja velika premoženjska škoda, ki je s temi dejanji povzročena. Finančna kriminaliteta nima skupno sprejete definicije, lahko pa jo opredelimo kot gospodarska kazniva dejanja, ki so povezana s finančnimi institucijami. Diplomsko delo predstavlja problematiko odkrivanja in preprečevanja finančne kriminalitete. Analizirali smo delovanje policije na tovrstnem področju v Sloveniji, vlogo nadzornih institucij ter učinkovitost preventivnih ukrepov. Na podlagi ugotovitev smo izoblikovali smernice za nadaljnje ukrepanje. Ugotovili smo, da je Slovenija v okviru Evropske unije že sprejela vrsto novih predpisov in ukrepov, ki so prispevali k izboljšanju stanja na področju odkrivanja in preprečevanja tovrstne kriminalitete. Ustanavljati so se pričele specializirane preiskovalne skupine, ustanovil se je Nacionalni preiskovalni urad, dosegli smo specializacijo znotraj tožilstva, skrajšanje predkazenskega postopka, organi pregona pa so izboljšali medsebojno sodelovanje. Kljub vsem izboljšavam še veliko finančne kriminalitete ostaja neodkrite, majhen pa ostaja tudi delež preiskanih kaznivih dejanj.
Keywords:gospodarska kriminaliteta, finančna kriminaliteta, odkrivanje, preprečevanje, pravna ureditev, diplomske naloge
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[B. Černjak]
Year of publishing:2018
Year of performance:2018
Number of pages:V, 64 str.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-70172 New window
UDC:343.37(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:3546858 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:KWKHXOMA
Publication date in DKUM:24.05.2018
Views:1091
Downloads:236
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Detection and prevention of financial crime
Abstract:In today's world we are faced with various types of crime and criminal activities. Criminal acts which are affecting societies under economic development and causing a huge amount of damage to our states are known as economic crime. The most common form of economic crime is financial crime, which is also the most complex form and therefore the most difficult to detect and investigate. The study of this phenomenon has become even more important with the onset of financial crisis, when the leaders in financial institutions endangered the whole world with their deviant behaviour. Therefore such important institutions must not operate without external control and regulations, strictly prescribed rules of certain responsibilities and sanctions. The main characteristic of economic and financial crime is the material damage caused by these criminal actions. Financial crime does not have a commonly accepted definition, but can be defined as economic criminal acts associated with financial institutions. The diploma presents the problem of detection and prevention of financial crime. We analysed police activity in the field of financial crime in Slovenia, the role of institutions responsible for supervision and the effectiveness of preventive measures. Furthermore, on the basis of findings, we developed guidelines for further actions. We have established that Slovenia has already adopted series of new regulations and security measures within the European Union, which have significantly contributed to improvement in detection and preventions of financial crime. We began to set up specialized investigative groups, established the National Investigation Bureau, we also achieved specialization within the prosecutor's office, shortened pre-trial procedures and improved mutual cooperation among enforcement agencies. Despite all of the improvements, a lot of economic crime still remains undiscovered, while the share of investigated criminal acts remains low.
Keywords:financial crime, economic crime, financial institutions, financial crisis


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