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Title:Ustavoverni veleposestniki na Kranjskem
Authors:ID Lampreht, Rajmund (Author)
ID RAHTEN, ANDREJ (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID RAHTEN, ANDREJ (Author)
Files:.pdf DR_Lampreht_Rajmund_2017.pdf (3,34 MB)
MD5: 032B65083B6611DDAE091C3F1816D476
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/f4d3e271-3be4-498f-a8e8-13d914f7f57f
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Doctoral dissertation (mb31)
Typology:2.08 - Doctoral Dissertation
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Avtor v svoji disertaciji obravnava politični Klub ustavovernih veleposestnikov na Kranjskem. V 19. stoletju se je na Kranjskem razplamtel t. i. nacionalni boj, boj med Slovenci in Nemci. Avtor dokazuje, da ne na eni in ne na drugi strani nacionalno niso bili homogeni. Čeprav so ustavoverni veleposestniki bili označeni kot nemška stranka, avtor dokazuje, da so med njimi bili ljudje, ki so bili po narodnosti Slovenci. Ustavovernim veleposestnikom so pogosto očitali pomanjkanje domoljubja in celo izdajstvo v obliki prusofilstva. Avtor ravno nasprotno dokazuje, da ustavoverni veleposestniki niso nikoli poveličevali Prusije in Bismarcka, ampak močno Avstrijo. Zagovarjali so zavezništvo z Nemčijo, ker so bili mnenja, da bi to Avstriji koristilo. Ustavovernim veleposestnikom so pripisali tudi nasprotovanje slovenskemu šolstvu, zaviranje le-tega in poskus uničenja oz. izrinjanja. Avtor dokazuje, da ustavoverni veleposestniki niso nasprotovali slovenskemu šolstvu. Zagovarjali so ohranitev učenja nemščine. Njihovi argumenti so bili zelo praktične narave. Najbolj pogosto so navajali, da je nemščina omogočala nadaljnje šolanje in bila vsesplošno potrebna v državi. Politični zaton ustavovernih veleposestnikov se je pričel z nastopom Taaffejeve vlade in Andreja Winklerja na Kranjskem. Avtor dokazuje, da je slednji zelo hitro in učinkovito obračunal z ustavovernimi veleposestniki. Uničil je njihov časnik Laibacher Tagblatt in jim tako odvzel glasilo, s katerim so dosegali širše množice. Še največji udarec je za ustavoverne veleposestnike predstavljalo umiranje njihovih dolgoletnih glavnih članov zaradi starosti. Tako je v osemdesetih letih 19. stoletja umrlo precej vidnih članov, recimo Karel Deschmann. V novo epoho so ustavoverni veleposestniki stopili šele z Josephom Schweglom. Schwegel, po rodu Slovenec, je bil dolga leta v službi zunanjega ministrstva kot diplomat. Schwegel je postal eden izmed najbolj vplivnih ustavovernih veleposestnikov ne le na Kranjskem, temveč tudi v Avstriji. Razkol in razcepitev Narodnega kluba na Slovensko ljudsko stranko in Narodno napredno stranko je izkoristil ter se povezal s slednjim. Tako mu je uspelo ponovno oživiti klub na Kranjskem in ga politično reaktivirati. Tega ni izkoristil za sejanje nemira, ampak za konstruktivno sodelovanje. Ivan Hribar je ta uspeh Schwegla v svojih spominih najbolj slikovito opisal: ustavoverni veleposestniki so postali »jeziček na tehtnici« pri glasovanjih.
Keywords:Ustavoverni veleposestniki, Kranjska
Year of publishing:2018
Publisher:R. Lampreht]
Source:[Maribor
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-69456 New window
UDC:32:94(497.4)"18"(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:23638024 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:9RSIWDZW
Publication date in DKUM:23.01.2018
Views:1616
Downloads:153
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Constitutional Landlord Party in Carniola
Abstract:In his dissertation, the author addresses the political club Constitutional Landlord Party in the Cronland Carniola. In the 19th century a national fight erupted in the Carniola between the Slovenies and the Germans. The author proves that neither side was nationally homogeneous. Although the Constitutional Landlord Party was marked as a German party, the author proves that there were also people of Slovenian nationality among them. The Constitutional Landlord Party was often accused of lacking patriotism and even treason in a form of prussophilism. The author proves the opposite; the Constitutional Landlord Party glorified Austria and never Prussia and Otto Bismarck. They defended the alliance with Germany, because they believed Austria would benefit from it. The Constitutional Landlord Party supposedly opposed and suppressed Slovenien education, and they had also attempted to destroy it. The author proves that Constitutional Landlord Party did not in fact oppose to the Slovenian education. They defended the preservation of learning the German language. Their arguments were very practical. Frequently they mentioned that the German language enabled further education and was overall used in the country. The political decline of Constitutional Landlord Party started with the onset of Eduard Taaffe central Government and Andrej Winkler in Carniola. The author proves that Andrej Winkler settled a score very quickly and efficiently with the Constitutional Landlord Party. He destroyed their newspaper Laibacher Tagblatt and took away their newsletter, with which they reached wider audiences. The biggest blow for the Constitutional Landlord Party represented the dying of their long-time key members because of old age. Quite a number members died in the 80s of the 19th century, for example Karel Deschmann. The Constitutional Landlord Party stepped in a new epoch with Joseph Schwegel. Joseph Schwegel was a Slovenian by birth and was for many years in the service of the foreign ministry as a diplomat. Joseph Schwegel became one of the most influential members of the Constitutional Landlord Party not only in the Carniola but also in the Monarchy. He took advantage of the division and the split of the national club to the Catholic National party and the National Liberal club and connected with the latter. Thus, he could reinvigorate the club in Carniola and politically reactivate it. He did not take an advantage of this to make disorder, but to achieve constructive cooperation. In his memoirs Ivan Hribar described the success of Joseph Schwegel very picturesquely: The Constitutional Landlord Party “tipped the scales” in the ballots.
Keywords:Constitutional Landlord Party, Carniola


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