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Title:Comparison of self-legitimacy of the prison staff and prisoner's perceptions of prison staff legitimacy : doctoral dissertation
Authors:Hacin, Rok (Author)
Meško, Gorazd (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Fields, Charles B. (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf DOK_Hacin_Rok_2018.pdf (2,85 MB)
 
Language:English
Work type:Dissertation (m)
Typology:2.08 - Doctoral Dissertation
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Currently, many discussions are held around the world regarding legitimacy of criminal justice systems. The dual nature of legitimacy in prison consists of prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy and self-legitimacy of the prison staff. Legitimacy of prison staff is defined as the ability of prison workers to implement their authority in an honest, lawful and just manner, while prisoners acknowledge their status as eligible power-holders who deserve to be obeyed and to comply with their decision. Self-legitimacy of the prison staff is defined as the belief of prison workers that their position in prison and the power entrusted to them is in accordance with fundamental moral norms of the society and a sense of self-confidence, in terms of awareness of their abilities to perform tasks within the prison environment. In this dissertation, answers to two fundamental questions were sought: 1) Which factors influence prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy of the prison staff in Slovenian prisons? and 2) Which factors influence self-legitimacy of the prison staff in Slovenian prisons? Mixed methods of qualitative and quantitative research were used in order to improve the validity and the reliability of results, which are based on more solid evidence obtained by reducing disparities between the collected data and the findings. Results revealed that prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy is influenced by: 1) distributive justice, 2) obligation to obey, 3) relations with prisoners, 4) relations with the prison staff, 5) procedural justice, 6) age, 7) effectiveness of the prison staff, 8) the prison regime, and 9) trust in authority. Moreover, prisoner’s perceptions of legitimacy of the prison staff in more liberal regimes was more positive. Results revealed that prison staff’s perceptions of self-legitimacy is influenced by: 1) education, 2) relations with colleagues, 3) relations with prisoners, 4) supervisors’ procedural justice, 5) age, 6) subculture of the prison staff, 7) satisfaction with salary, and 8) audience (prisoners) legitimacy. Contrary to expectations, self-legitimacy of the prison staff has a positive impact on the willingness of prison workers to use force against prisoners. These findings confirmed the theoretical assumption in the dual model of legitimacy of linking the role of relations between prisoners and prison workers in Slovenian prisons, and enabled the formulation of suggestions for improvement of the current situation in the field of legitimacy in Slovenian prisons.
Keywords:legitimacy, prison staff, prisoners, self-legitimacy, Slovenia
Year of publishing:2018
Year of performance:2018
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[R. Hacin]
Number of pages:281 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:343.83(497.4)(043.3)
COBISS_ID:3542762 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:MNKGB3BG
Views:636
Downloads:97
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Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:rimerjava samozaznave legitimnosti zaporskega osebja in zaznave obsojencev o legitimnosti zaporskega osebja
Abstract:V svetu trenutno potekajo številne razprave o legitimnosti kazenskopravnih sistemov. Dualna narava legitimnosti v zaporu sestoji iz zaznav zapornikov o legitimnosti zaporskega osebja in samozaznave legitimnosti zaporskega osebja. Legitimnost zaporskega osebja je opredeljena kot sposobnost zaporskih delavcev, da izvršujejo lastno avtoriteto pošteno, zakonito in pravično ob hkratnem priznavanju zapornikov njihovega statusa nosilcev moči, ki so se mu dolžni podrediti in sprejeti njihove odločitve. Samozaznava legitimnosti zaporskega osebja je opredeljena kot prepričanje zaporskih delavcev, da sta njihov položaj v zaporu in zaupana pooblastila v skladu s temeljnimi moralnimi normami družbe in občutkom samozavesti v smislu zavedanja lastnih sposobnosti za izvajanje delovnih nalog v zaporskem okolju. V doktorski disertaciji smo iskali odgovore na dve temeljni vprašanji: 1) Kateri dejavniki vplivajo na zaznavo legitimnosti zaporskega osebja pri obsojencih v slovenskih zaporih? in 2) Kateri dejavniki vplivajo na samozaznavo legitimnost zaporskega osebja v slovenskih zaporih? Uporaba mešanih metod kvalitativnega in kvantitativnega raziskovanja je pripomogla k izboljšanju veljavnosti in zanesljivosti rezultatov na podlagi trdnejših dokazov, pridobljenih z zmanjševanjem razlik med zbranimi podatki in ugotovitvami. Rezultati so razkrili, da na zaznavo legitimnosti pri zapornikih vplivajo: 1) distributivna pravičnost, 2) dolžnost se podrediti, 3) odnosi z zaporniki, 4) odnosi z zaporskim osebjem, 5) postopkovna pravičnost, 6) starost, 7) učinkovitost zaporskega osebja, 8) zaporniški režim in 9) zaupanje v avtoriteto. Zaporniki v bolj odprtih zaporskih režimih so pozitivneje zaznavali legitimnost zaporskega osebja. Nadalje so rezultati pokazali, da na samozaznavo legitimnost zaporskega osebja vplivajo: 1) izobrazba, 2) odnosi s sodelavci, 3) odnosi z zaporniki, 4) postopkovna pravičnost nadrejenih, 5) starost, 6) subkultura zaporskega osebja, 7) zadovoljstvo s plačilom in 8) zaznava legitimnosti pri zapornikih. V nasprotju s pričakovanji je samozaznava legitimnosti zaporskega osebja pozitivno vplivala na njihovo pripravljenost uporabe sile nad obsojenci. Ugotovitve so potrdile teoretične predpostavke v dualnem modelu legitimnosti o povezovalni vlogi odnosov med zaporniki in zaporskimi delavci v slovenskih zaporih. Hkrati so omogočile oblikovanje predlogov za izboljšave trenutne situacije na področju legitimnosti v slovenskih zaporih.
Keywords:legitimnost, zaporsko osebje, pazniki, pravosodni policisti, obsojenci, samozaznava legitimnosti, Slovenija, doktorske disertacije


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