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Title:Opredelitev pojma običajnega prebivališča po Bruseljski uredbi IIa
Authors:Pernat, Anja (Author)
Kraljić, Suzana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Pernat_Anja_2017.pdf (795,93 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Uredba Sveta (ES) št. 2201/2003 z dne 27. novembra 2003 o pristojnosti in priznavanju ter izvrševanju sodnih odločb v zakonskih sporih in sporih v zvezi s starševsko odgovornostjo ter o razveljavitvi Uredbe (ES) št.1347/2000, t. i. Bruseljska uredba IIa (BU IIa), ureja način določanja mednarodno pristojnega sodišča za razrešitev spora, ki se pojavi v primeru družin z mednarodnim elementom ter postopek priznavanja in izvrševanja tujih sodnih odločb. BU IIa ima prednost pred nacionalno zakonodajo in se uporablja ne glede na vrsto sodišča v civilnih zadevah, ki se nanašajo na razvezo, prenehanje življenjske skupnosti ali razveljavitev zakonske zveze ter na podelitev, izvrševanje, prenos, omejitev ali odvzem starševske odgovornosti. V zadevah starševske odgovornosti, so pristojnosti določene tako, da se kar najbolj upošteva interese otroka kar pomeni, da je v prvi vrsti pristojna država članica, v kateri ima otrok običajno prebivališče. Tukaj se nam kaj hitro postavi vprašanje, kje ima otrok svoje običajno prebivališče, saj lahko pri ugotavljanju le tega nastopijo težave, zlasti v primeru pogostih selitev iz ene države članice v drugo ali če je bila selitev čez mednarodno mejo nedavna. Sodišče mora za vsak posamezni primer ugotoviti, ali ima otrok v neki zadevi običajno prebivališče v zadevni državi članici, in to na podlagi dejstev, ki izhajajo iz okoliščin navedenega otroka. BU IIa tega pojma posebej ne opredeljuje. Pomen izraza je treba razumeti v skladu s cilji in nameni BU IIa. Poudariti je potrebno, da razlaga običajnega prebivališča ne temelji na nobenem pojmovanju običajnega prebivališča iz katere koli izrecne nacionalne zakonodaje, ampak se ji priznava samostojen pomen v skladu s pravom Evropske unije in za namen prava Evropske unije.
Keywords:Običajno prebivališče, Bruseljska uredba IIa, starševska odgovornost, zakonski spori, priznanje in izvršitev tujih sodnih odločb, mednarodna pristojnost, ugrabitev otrok.
Year of publishing:2017
Publisher:[A. Pernat]
Source:Maribor
UDC:347.64:347.171(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5506603 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:XCHBZ7JZ
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:667
Downloads:105
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The definition of habitual residence under the Brussels Regulation IIa
Abstract:Council Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 of 27 November 2003 concerning jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility, repealing Regulation (EC) No 1347/2000, Brussels IIa (BU IIa) is a European Union Regulation on conflict of law issues in family law between member states, particularly those related to divorce, child custody and international child abduction. The regulation does not apply to Denmark. BU IIa takes precedence over national law and applies regardless of the type of court in civil matters. In matters of parental responsibility, the interests of the child are fully taken into account. This means that it is primarily responsible the member state in which the child is habitually resident. Here we ask ourselves, where the child is habitually resident. Regarding this question we face difficulties, especially in the case of frequent movements from one member state to another, or if migration across the international border has been recent. The court must determine in each case where the child is habitually resident on the basis of facts that come from the circumstances of a particular child. In BU IIa concept of habitual residence is not defined. The meaning of this term must be understood in accordance with the objectives and purposes of BU IIa. The term of habitual residence according to BU IIa is recognized as independent in accordance with the law of the European Union and for the purposes of European Union law.
Keywords:Habitual residence, Brussels Regulation IIa, parental responsibility, legal disputes, recognition and enforcement of foreign judgements, international jurisdiction, child abduction.


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