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Title:Prihodnost tujih neposrednih naložb
Authors:ID Lebar, Jožica (Author)
ID Tratnik, Matjaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Lebar_Jozica_2017.pdf (1,09 MB)
MD5: 0E74F667C2F4589835179595B93D614B
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/25e33dd9-060e-4da4-9309-2fe830111f8b
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Evropska unija je nadnacionalna državna tvorba, ki ima aktivno gospodarsko in politično vlogo. Gospodarska velesila, največja izvoznica in uvoznica ter vlagateljica. Vzpostavljeni enotni trg omogoča trgovanje z drugimi državami. Prosta trgovina je esencialnega pomena za gospodarsko rast ter odpiranje novih delovnih mest. Sem spadajo tudi neposredne tuje naložbe, katere največji svetovni vir je EU. Pred letom 2009 so to področje samostojno urejale države članice, ki so sklepale bilateralne investicijske sporazume. De iure so neposredne tuje naložbe po uveljavitvi Lizbonske pogodbe leta 2009 del skupne trgovine in v izključni pristojnosti EU. Z 207. členom PDEU je prišlo do vzpostavitve centralističnega urejanja tega področja. S tem je nastalo veliko odprtih vprašanj glede dosedanje veljavne ureditve bilateralnih investicijskih sporazumov in seveda same razlage 207. člena PDEU. Treba je vzpostaviti stabilno in predvidljivo zakonodajno okolje, ki bo varovalo investitorje v tuji oz. drugi državi ter povečevalo vpliv gospodarske integracije. Bistven varovalni element tujih neposrednih naložb je mehanizem za reševanje investicijskih sporov, le-ti omogočajo uveljavitev dogovorjene zaščite v praksi. Za razvoj geneze investicijskega prava EU bo potrebna skupna koordinacija držav članic in EU. Pričujoče magistrsko delo je razdeljeno na pet vsebinskih sklopov, ki se začenja z orisom skupne trgovinske politike EU, nadaljuje z viri mednarodnega investicijskega prava, kjer bo največji poudarek na BIS ter njegovih jamstvih, ki so zapisana v obliki klavzul npr. najboljša nacionalna obravnava, poštena in enaka obravnava, prost prenos sredstev brez omejitev, kompenzacija v primeru razlastitve ter reševanje sporov. Temeljno poglavje zajema predstavitev pravne ureditve neposrednih tujih naložb po sprejetju Lizbonske pogodbe ter kazuistike Sodišča EU. V tem poglavju bo avtorica podala razlago 207. člena PDEU. Avtorica delo zaključi z napovedjo nadaljnjega razvoja investicijskega prava EU.
Keywords:Lizbonska pogodba, 207. člen PDEU, bilateralni investicijski sporazumi, neposredne tuje investicije, skupna trgovinska politika, notranji trg, mednarodno javno pravo, investicijsko pravo, izključna pristojnost, alternativno reševanje sporov.
Year of publishing:2017
Publisher:J. Lebar]
Source:[S. l.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-68358 New window
UDC:339.13.012.1(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:5496619 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:LUAVJEHN
Publication date in DKUM:17.11.2017
Views:1011
Downloads:145
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:18.09.2017

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The future scope of foregin direct investment
Abstract:The European Union is a transnational state formation, which has an active economic and political role. Economic superpower, the largest exporter, importer and investor. The established single market allows trading with other countries. Free trade is an essential asset for economic growth and the creation of new jobs. This includes foreign direct investment, the EU's largest source of funding. Prior to 2009, this area was independently regulated by Member States that concluded bilateral investment treaty´s. The field of direct foreign investment after the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 is a part of the common trade and in the exclusive competence of the EU. Article 207 of the TFEU resulted in the establishment of centralized regulation of this area. This created many open questions about the current validation of bilateral investment agreements and of course the interpretation of Article 207 of the TFEU. It is necessary to establish a stable and predictable regulatory environment that will protect investors in foreign countries or another country and increase the influence of economic integration. The essential safeguard element of foreign direct investment is the mechanism for resolving investment disputes, which only allows the implementation of the agreed protection in practice. A common coordination between the Member States and the EU will be necessary for the development of the EU's investment law genesis. This master thesis is divided into five chapters. Starting with the outline of the EU's common commercial policy and continues with the sources of international investment law, with the focus on the bilateral investment treaty´s and its guarantees, which are written in the form of clauses, for example best national treatment, fair and equal treatment, free transfer of assets without restrictions, compensation in case of expropriation and dispute resolution. The basic chapter covers the presentation of the regulation of foreign direct investment after the adoption of the Treaty of Lisbon and the EU Court of Justice. In this chapter, the author will give an explanation of Article 207 of the TFEU. The author concludes the work with the announcement of the further development of EU investment law.
Keywords:Treaty of Lisbon, Article 207 TFEU, bilateral investment agreements, foreign direct investment, common commercial policy, internal market, public international law, investment law, exclusive jurisdiction, alternative dispute resolution.


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