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Title:Izključitev delničarja iz d.d. in družbenika iz d.o.o.
Authors:Novak, Nace (Author)
Kocbek, Marijan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Novak_Nace_2017.pdf (657,67 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Izključitev delničarja iz delniške družbe in družbenika iz družbe z omejeno odgovornostjo je omogočena s strani Zakona o gospodarskih družbah (ZGD-1). Zakon v celoti ureja načine in posledice izključitve delničarja, medtem ko družbenikom v družbi z omejeno odgovornostjo pušča več svobode pri odločanju kdaj in kako je lahko družbenik iz družbe izključen. ZGD-1 za obe kapitalski družbi določa izključitev v primeru, če delničar oziroma družbenik nepravočasno vplača osnovni kapital. Gre za poseben kaducitetni postopek, katerega namen je zagotovitev osnovnega kapitala in izpolnitev glavne obveznosti delničarja, kot tudi družbenika. Prav tako zakon v delniški družbi dopušča izključitev družbenika v postopku prisilnega umika delnic. Takšna izključitev pa je mogoča zgolj v primerih, če je družbenik o tej možnosti seznanjen že pred prevzemom delnic. ZGD-1 pa celovito ureja še možnost izključitve manjšinskega delničarja. Kadar je glavni delničar imetnik vsaj devetdeset odstotkov delnic lahko enostransko izključi manjšinske delničarje in tako v celoti prevzame obvladovanje delniške družbe. Manjšinski delničarji ob izključitvi dobijo denarno nadomestilo za svoje izgubljene pravice in tudi za bodoče donose, ki bi jih dobili, če bi še vedno bili imetniki delnic. Družba z omejeno odgovornostjo nima tako strogih določb glede možnosti izključitve družbenika. V primeru d.o.o. je omogočeno, da se izključitev družbenika uredi že s samo družbeno pogodbo. Družbena pogodba lahko ureja tako pogoje, postopek, kot tudi posledice izključitve. Neglede na družbeno pogodbo pa je izključitev družbenika vedno mogoča tudi po sodni poti na način, ki ga določa ZGD-1.
Keywords:delniška družba, družba z omejeno odgovornostjo, prisilni umik delnic, izključitev manjšinskega delničarja, družbena pogodba, kaduciteta.
Year of publishing:2017
Publisher:N. Novak]
Source:[Maribor
UDC:347.72.031(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5489451 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:CSUDP2AY
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
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Downloads:184
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Categories:PF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Exclusion of a shareholder from joint stock company and from limited liability company
Abstract:The exclusion of a shareholder from a public limited company and a member of a limited liability company is enabled by the Companies Act (ZGD-1). The law fully regulates the ways and consequences of the exclusion of a shareholder, while leaving the shareholders in a limited liability company more freedom in deciding when and how a shareholder can be excluded from the company. ZGD-1 provides the possibility of exclusion for both capital companies in the event, that the shareholder does not meet the deadline in which payment of the share capital has to be complete. The exclusion is done by a special forfeiture of shares procedure whose purpose is to provide basic capital and to force shareholder to fulfill the main obligations of payment. Likewise, the law permits the exclusion of a shareholder in the procedure where shares of a joint stock company are forcefully withdrawn. Such exclusion is possible only in cases where the shareholder is already aware of this possibility before the withdraw of shares. The ZGD-1 also fully regulates the possibility of exclusion of a minority shareholder. In the event that the main shareholder is a holder of at least ninety percent of the shares, he may unilaterally exclude minority shareholders, thus fully assuming the control of the joint stock company. In the event of exclusion, minority shareholders receive monetary compensation for their lost rights and as well as the future returns that would have been obtained if they were still holders of shares. A limited liability company does not have such strict provisions as to the possibility of excluding a member. In the case of LLC it is possible that the exclusion of a member is already settled by a mere social contract. The social contract may govern both the conditions, the procedure and the consequences of the exclusion. Irrespective of the social contract, the exclusion of a member is always possible through the judicial procedure in the manner prescribed by the ZGD-1.
Keywords:joint stock company, limited liability company, forced withdrawal of shares, exclusion of a minority shareholder, social contract, forfeiture of shares.


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