|Opis:||Promoting and encouraging the use of alternative methods of resolving commercial disputes is essential and significant, as disputes and misunderstandings in economy are inevitable. The conciliaton allows parties who have failed to resolve the dispute to negotiate and consequently avoid long process in court and, through a third independent person, resolve the dispute and also to conclude an agreement. In this way, it can all be resolved in an accelerated procedure and in accordance with the interests of the parties, which further means that participants themselves take responsibility for the outcome of the procedure.
Equivalent importance of the conciliation and judicial proceedings can only be ensured by appropriate regulation, which, on the one hand, must ensure the predictability of legal relations and also legal certainty, on the other hand, it cannot precisely determine the course of the procedure, as this would lead to excess formalization of the process. UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation is an example of a properly balanced law that provides all the benefits of alternative procedures and excludes the weaknesses of court proceedings.
The thesis presents the general arrangement of alternative dispute resolution, advantages and disadvantages, as well as the characteristics of them. In the continuation are also described concept, definition and types of conciliations, furthermore are also mentioned the general principles of the procedure, which are often underestimated, but truly they are the key guides for the process. The third chapter briefly describes the legal arrangement of the conciliation, a very important model law, its basic characteristics and the content of the Law. The course of the procedure is thoroughly described in detail at the end of the third chapter and also the different strategies for managing the conciliation and the role of the third independent and impartial person, i.e. The conciliator.|