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Title:Masovna edukacija osnovnošolcev iz temeljnih postopkov oživljenja z uporabo avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja
Authors:Krajnc, Primož (Author)
Pajnkihar, Majda (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Strnad, Matej (Co-mentor)
Štiglic, Gregor (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Krajnc_Primoz_2017.pdf (1,42 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Izhodišče: Bolezni srca in ožilja so vodilni vzrok smrti pri nas in v svetu. Ocenjujemo, da v Sloveniji zaradi nenadne srčne smrti vsak dan umre 5 do 6 ljudi. Večinoma le pokličejo pomoč in čakajo reševalce. Za preživetje brez trajnih posledic je bistveno trajanje srčnega zastoja, če v tem času ne izvajamo temeljnih postopkov oživljanja, se verjetnost preživetja vsako minuto zmanjša za skoraj 10% . Metode: Uporabljena je bila kvantitativna metodologija. Instrument za zbiranje podatkov je bil uporabljen strukturiran anketni vprašalnik. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 150 osnovnošolcev, 77 osnovnošolcev z predhodno opravljeno masovno edukacijo in 73 osnovnošolcev brez opravljene masovne edukacije iz temeljnih postopkov oživljanja z uporabo avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja. Pridobljene podatke smo obdelali z uporabo deskriptivne in inferenčne statistike. Za obdelavo podatkov smo uporabili statistični program IBM SPSS 21. Rezultati: V raziskavo sta bili vključeni dve osnovni šoli, ena z predhodno izvedeno masovno edukacijo in ena brez izvedene predhodne masovne edukacije iz temeljnih postopkov oživljanja z uporabo avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja. Podatki kažejo, da osnovnošolci, ki so predhodno opravili masovno edukacijo bolje poznajo in izvajajo temeljne postopke oživljanja. Rezultati tudi potrjujejo našo hipotezo (p<0,001), da obstaja bistvena razlika v povprečni oceni med obema skupinama. Interpretacija in zaključek: Osnovnošolci, ki so imeli predhodno izvedeno masovno edukacijo iz temeljnih postopkov oživljanja z uporabo avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja, imajo zadovoljivo znanje in veščine za izvajanje temeljnih postopkov oživljanja in uporabo avtomatskega zunanjega defibrilatorja. Osnovnošolci so ena izmed zelo motiviranih in dovzetnih skupin ljudi, istočasno pa to znanje širijo v širši lokalni skupnosti. S temi ukrepi pa lahko preživetje po nenadnem srčnem zastoju dvignemo iz 10% na 40% (ERC) oziroma več.
Keywords:nenadni srčni zastoj, temeljni postopki oživljanja, avtomatski zunanji defibrilator, izobraževanje, osnovnošolci, otroci rešujejo življenja
Year of publishing:2017
Publisher:[P. Krajnc]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616-083.98:614.88
COBISS_ID:2372004 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:GQAXP3NU
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:614
Downloads:122
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Mass education for elementary school students on basic resuscitation procedures using automated external defibrillator
Abstract:Starting point: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Slovenia and in the world. It is estimated that each day 5 to 6 people in Slovenia die due to a sudden cardiac arrest. The majority calls and waits for the paramedics. The duration of the cardiac arrest is fundamental for the survival without any long-lasting consequences. If we do not perform basic resuscitation procedures, the chance for surviving minimizes for almost 10% each minute. Methods: A quantitative methodology was used. A data collection instrument was used to structure a structured questionnaire. The survey included 150 elementary school pupils, 77 elementary school students with mass education and 73 elementary pupils without mass education from basic revitalization procedures using an automatic external defibrillator.The acquired data was analysed by using a descriptive and inferential statistics. We used the statistics programme IBM SPSS 21stfor processing the data. Results: Two primary schools were included in the study, one with previously carried out mass education and one without prior mass education from basic resuscitation procedures using an automatic external defibrillator. The data show that primary school pupils who have previously completed mass education have a better knowledge of and carry out basic revitalization procedures. The results confirm our hypothesis (p <0,001) that the essential difference in the average evaluation between the previously mentioned groups of students exists. Interpretation and conclusion: Primary school students who had previously carried out mass education from basic resuscitation procedures using an automatic external defibrillator have satisfactory knowledge and skills to perform basic resuscitation procedures and use an automatic external defibrillator. The students represent one of the most motivated and susceptible group of people. At the same time they spread this knowledge into the general local community. The survival after a sudden cardiac arrest can be raised from 10% to 40% or even more by using these kinds of measures.
Keywords:cardiac arrest, basic resuscitation procedures, automatic external defibrillator, education, primary schooling, children save lives


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