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Naslov:Premature seizure of traffic flow due to the introduction of evolutionary games
Avtorji:ID Perc, Matjaž (Avtor)
Datoteke:.pdf New_Journal_of_Physics_2007_Perc_Premature_seizure_of_traffic_flow_due_to_the_introduction_of_evolutionary_games.pdf (1,17 MB)
MD5: B99713A8B5937E9191C382107AB1F210
 
URL http://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/9/i=1/a=003?key=crossref.67bb338339970e074be807335a5c525c
 
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Znanstveno delo (r2)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Opis:We study the impact of evolutionary games on the flow of traffic. Since traffic participants do not always conform to the imposed rules, the introduction of games, i.e. set of strategies defining the behavioural pattern of agents on the road, appears justified. With this motivation, and the fact that individuals can change their strategy in the course of time, the evolutionary prisoner's dilemma game is introduced between neighbouring agents, enabling them to choose between cooperation and defection. Mutual cooperation enables forwarding to both agents for one step, while the defector is able to advance two steps when facing a cooperator, whereby the latter is forced to go one step backwards. Two defectors end up in a halt until the next iteration. Irrespective of their strategy, however, agents can move only if the road ahead is free. Jumps are never allowed. We show that this simple and plausible supplementation of the discrete cellular automaton Biham-Middleton-Levine (BML) model induces a traffic flow seizure by a substantially lower initial density of cars as in the absence of evolutionary games. The phenomenon is explained by studying the one-dimensional variant of the BML model with different advancement steps on the circular ring. In view of the proposed explanation, findings are generalized also to other types of games, such is the snowdrift game, and some statistical properties of gridlock formation in the presence of evolutionary rules are outlined. Our findings suggest that 'bending the law' results in a premature occurrence of traffic jams and thus unnecessarily burdens the transportation system.
Ključne besede:dynamic systems, traffic flow, theory of games, evolutionary rules, flow simulations, prisoner's dilemma
Leto izida:2007
Status objave pri reviji:Objavljeno
Verzija članka:Založnikova različica članka
Št. strani:str. 1-18
Številčenje:Letn. 9
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-66558 Novo okno
ISSN:1367-2630
UDK:519.83
COBISS.SI-ID:15227912 Novo okno
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/9/1/003 Novo okno
ISSN pri članku:1367-2630
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:7BSTVOBP
Datum objave v DKUM:03.07.2017
Število ogledov:618
Število prenosov:355
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Področja:Ostalo
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:New Journal of Physics
Založnik:Institute of Physics Publishing, Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
ISSN:1367-2630
COBISS.SI-ID:21135621 Novo okno

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:03.07.2017

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:dinamični sistemi, ekscitabilni sistemi, teorija iger, pretok prometa, simulacije pretoka


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