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Naslov:Sustainable institutionalized punishment requires elimination of second-order free-riders
Avtorji:Perc, Matjaž (Avtor)
Datoteke:.pdf Scientific_Reports_2012_Perc_Sustainable_institutionalized_punishment_requires_elimination_of_second-order_free-riders.pdf (469,23 KB)
MD5: F0ADA14C330AC16823CBCB81C243D969
 
URL http://www.nature.com/articles/srep00344
 
Jezik:Angleški jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Znanstveno delo (r2)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FNM - Fakulteta za naravoslovje in matematiko
Opis:Although empirical and theoretical studies affirm that punishment can elevate collaborative efforts, its emergence and stability remain elusive. By peer-punishment the sanctioning is something an individual elects to do depending on the strategies in its neighborhood. The consequences of unsustainable efforts are therefore local. By pool-punishment, on the other hand, where resources for sanctioning are committed in advance and at large, the notion of sustainability has greater significance. In a population with free-riders, punishers must be strong in numbers to keep the "punishment pool" from emptying. Failure to do so renders the concept of institutionalized sanctioning futile. We show that pool-punishment in structured populations is sustainable, but only if second-order free-riders are sanctioned as well, and to a such degree that they cannot prevail. A discontinuous phase transition leads to an outbreak of sustainability when punishers subvert second-order free-riders in the competition against defectors.
Ključne besede:cooperation, public goods, punishment, institutions, phase transitions, physics of social systems
Leto izida:2012
Št. strani:str. 1-6
Številčenje:Letn. 2
ISSN:2045-2322
UDK:530.16
COBISS_ID:19071752 Novo okno
DOI:10.1038/srep00344 Novo okno
ISSN pri članku:2045-2322
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:4UJQQLZH
Število ogledov:753
Število prenosov:285
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:Ostalo
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Scientific Reports
Založnik:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
COBISS.SI-ID:18727432 Novo okno

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:J1-4055
Naslov:Fizika evolucijskih procesov

Licence

Licenca:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:To je standardna licenca Creative Commons, ki daje uporabnikom največ možnosti za nadaljnjo uporabo dela, pri čemer morajo navesti avtorja.
Začetek licenciranja:23.06.2017

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:kooperacija, javne dobrine, kazen, institucije, fazni prehodi, fizika socialnih sistemov


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