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Title:Sustainable institutionalized punishment requires elimination of second-order free-riders
Authors:ID Perc, Matjaž (Author)
Files:.pdf Scientific_Reports_2012_Perc_Sustainable_institutionalized_punishment_requires_elimination_of_second-order_free-riders.pdf (469,23 KB)
MD5: F0ADA14C330AC16823CBCB81C243D969
 
URL http://www.nature.com/articles/srep00344
 
Language:English
Work type:Scientific work
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FNM - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Abstract:Although empirical and theoretical studies affirm that punishment can elevate collaborative efforts, its emergence and stability remain elusive. By peer-punishment the sanctioning is something an individual elects to do depending on the strategies in its neighborhood. The consequences of unsustainable efforts are therefore local. By pool-punishment, on the other hand, where resources for sanctioning are committed in advance and at large, the notion of sustainability has greater significance. In a population with free-riders, punishers must be strong in numbers to keep the "punishment pool" from emptying. Failure to do so renders the concept of institutionalized sanctioning futile. We show that pool-punishment in structured populations is sustainable, but only if second-order free-riders are sanctioned as well, and to a such degree that they cannot prevail. A discontinuous phase transition leads to an outbreak of sustainability when punishers subvert second-order free-riders in the competition against defectors.
Keywords:cooperation, public goods, punishment, institutions, phase transitions, physics of social systems
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2012
Number of pages:str. 1-6
Numbering:Letn. 2
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-66413 New window
ISSN:2045-2322
UDC:530.16
ISSN on article:2045-2322
COBISS.SI-ID:19071752 New window
DOI:10.1038/srep00344 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:4UJQQLZH
Publication date in DKUM:23.06.2017
Views:1313
Downloads:354
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Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Scientific reports
Shortened title:Sci. rep.
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
COBISS.SI-ID:18727432 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije
Project number:J1-4055
Name:Fizika evolucijskih procesov

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:23.06.2017

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kooperacija, javne dobrine, kazen, institucije, fazni prehodi, fizika socialnih sistemov


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