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Title:Languages cool as they expand: allometric scaling and the decreasing need for new words
Authors:ID Petersen, Alexander (Author)
ID Tenenbaum, Joel (Author)
ID Havlin, Shlomo (Author)
ID Stanley, Harry Eugene (Author)
ID Perc, Matjaž (Author)
Files:.pdf Scientific_Reports_2012_Petersen_et_al._Languages_cool_as_they_expand_Allometric_scaling_and_the_decreasing_need_for_new_words.pdf (2,03 MB)
MD5: 4C178409CB8543F490CAA301D4AE78DE
 
URL http://www.nature.com/articles/srep00943
 
Language:English
Work type:Scientific work
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FNM - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Abstract:We analyze the occurrence frequencies of over 15 million words recorded in millions of books published during the past two centuries in seven different languages. For all languages and chronological subsets of the data we confirm that two scaling regimes characterize the word frequency distributions, with only the more common words obeying the classic Zipf law. Using corpora of unprecedented size, we test the allometric scaling relation between the corpus size and the vocabulary size of growing languages to demonstrate a decreasing marginal need for new words, a feature that is likely related to the underlying correlations between words. We calculate the annual growth fluctuations of word use which has a decreasing trend as the corpus size increases, indicating a slowdown in linguistic evolution following language expansion. This cooling pattern forms the basis of a third statistical regularity, which unlike the Zipf and the Heaps law, is dynamical in nature.
Keywords:culturomics, society, culture, quantitative linguistics, physics of social systems
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2012
Number of pages:str. 1-10
Numbering:Letn. 2
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-66402 New window
ISSN:2045-2322
UDC:536.91
ISSN on article:2045-2322
COBISS.SI-ID:19550472 New window
DOI:10.1038/srep00943 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:H0VATFMG
Publication date in DKUM:23.06.2017
Views:874
Downloads:362
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Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Scientific reports
Shortened title:Sci. rep.
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
COBISS.SI-ID:18727432 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:23.06.2017

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:družba, kultura, kvantitativna lingvistika, fizika socialnih sistemov


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