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Title:Vpliv načela postopnosti na razvoj grafomotorike
Authors:ID Cigole, Petra (Author)
ID Merc, Klara (Author)
ID Ropič Kop, Marija (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Cigole_Petra_2017.pdf (2,43 MB)
MD5: BCA935136F94FFD2CAC3AFBF3C9B8E1D
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Otroci se z vstopom v osnovno šolo srečujejo s procesom opismenjevanja, zato je pomembno, da jih uvedemo v grafomotoriko že v predšolskem obdobju. V diplomskem delu z naslovom Vpliv načela postopnosti na razvoj grafomotorike smo v teoretičnem delu predstavili opismenjevanje, motoriko, grafomotoriko, pridobivanje orientacije, grafomotorične vaje, poteze, motnje v razvoju grafomotorike, stranskost, upoštevanje načel in poslušanje. Namen empiričnega dela je bil ugotoviti začetno stanje v razvoju grafomotorike pri pet in šest letnih otrocih in kakšen bo napredek po trinajstih usmerjenih grafomotoričnih dejavnostih. Uporabili smo individualno obliko dela in na podlagi opažanj oblikovali grafomotorične vaje, s katerimi smo želeli odpraviti nepravilnosti, ki so se pojavile pri začetnem preverjanju. Načelu postopnosti smo sledili tako, da smo postopno zmanjševali formate in otrokom ponudili različna pisala glede na trdoto. Vzorec je zajemal 40 otrok mariborskega vrtca. Z otroki smo izvedli začetno in končno preverjanje, pri čemer smo v kontrolno listo beležili opažanja. Podatke smo analizirali, jih tabelarično prikazali in interpretirali. Rezultati so nam pokazali, da je večina otrok napredovala v razvoju grafomotorike pri drži telesa, prijemu pisala, upoštevanju smeri od leve proti desni in od zgoraj navzdol ter upoštevanju razmika.
Keywords:Predšolski otrok, grafomotorika, grafomotorične vaje, načelo postopnosti, navpična poteza, vodoravna poteza.
Place of publishing:Maribor
Publisher:[P. Cigole, K. Merc]
Year of publishing:2017
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-66363 New window
UDC:373.2:159.946.4(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:23238152 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:PJJXESIA
Publication date in DKUM:19.07.2017
Views:1701
Downloads:279
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The effect or the principle of gradunality on the development of graphomotorics
Abstract:When children start primary school they first meet with the process of literacy, therefore it is important they are already taught some graphomotorics in the pre-school period. In the theoretical part of the diploma thesis The Effect of the Principle of Graduality on the Development of Graphomotorics we presented literacy, motoric functions, gaining orientation, graphomotor exercises, traits, dysfunctions in graphomotor development, sidedness, respect of the principles and listening. The aim of empirical part was to establish the initial state in the development of graphomotor skills of five-year-old and six-year-old children and to see the progress after thirteen graphomotor oriented activities. We used individual methods and on the basis of observations formed graphomotor exercises which were used to eliminate incorrectnesses which appeared at initial testing. We followed the principle of graduality by moderately reducing formats and the children were offered different pencils regarding the hardness. The sample included 40 Maribor's kindergarten children. We carried out initial and final testing with children and we made notes of observations in the checklist. The data were analysed, tabular presented and interpreted. The results showed that most of the children improved at the development in body posture, pencil grip, regarding the direction from left to right and from top to bottom, and keeping the spacing.
Keywords:Pre-school child, graphomotorics, graphomotor exercises, principle of graduality, vertical stroke, horizontal stroke.


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