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Title:Doživljanje nasilja med vrhunskimi športniki v Sloveniji : primer taekwon-do
Authors:Sirše, Saša (Author)
Lobnikar, Branko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Sirse_Sasa_2017.pdf (976,12 KB)
MD5: 1829A5EC4F02BA79A78ABFCC5BC6D9C4
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:S pričujočo magistrsko nalogo, v kateri smo obravnavali doživljanje nasilja med vrhunskimi športniki v Sloveniji na primeru borilne veščine taekwon-do, neolimpijske različice ITF, smo želeli opozoriti na vse večji pojav problematike športnega nasilja nasploh ter tudi na treningih borilnih veščin. Razlog temu vidimo v naravnanosti današnje družbe, ki posledično vpliva tudi na šport; družba promovira tekmovalnost med ljudmi in zmagovanje (biti najboljši, doseči rekord), zato je tudi trenažni sistem prilagojen pehanju za uspehom. Treningi v vrhunskem športu so tako prvenstveno osredotočeni v dosego zmage ali rekorda, ne glede na ceno, ki jo bo takšna zmaga zahtevala, ne pa na dobrobit športnika, ki žal postaja vse bolj postranskega pomena. V teoretičnem delu naloge smo s pomočjo pregleda domače in tuje literature predstavili teoretične poglede na šport in splošno problematiko nasilja, posebno pozornost pa smo namenili glavni temi pričujočega dela - nasilju v športu ter njegovim pojavnim oblikam. Za boljšo predstavo smo nekatere teoretične poglede avtorjev podkrepili tudi z ugotovitvami empiričnih raziskav. Pri predstavitvi glavne obravnavane problematike smo izhajali iz znanih primerov nasilja v športu, ki se največkrat pojavljajo v športu nasploh, dodali pa smo tudi primere lastnih opazovanj in izkušenj. S pomočjo kvantitativne empirične raziskave smo analizirali dejanski obseg doživetega nasilja med reprezentanti taekwon-doja, pri čemer smo se primarno osredotočili na doživljanje nasilja s strani reprezentančnih trenerjev. S pomočjo izvedene raziskave smo ugotovili, da tekmovalci na reprezentančnih treningih skoraj nikoli niso oziroma so le redkokdaj doživljali nasilje reprezentančnih trenerjev, kljub temu pa podrobnejši rezultati kažejo na prevlado telesnega nasilja nad psihičnim in spolnim nasiljem. Tekmovalci takšno vedenje, ki po definiciji pomeni nasilje nad športniki (bolečine, poškodbe, treningi kljub poškodbi), dojemajo kot sestavni del vrhunskega športnega udejstvovanja. Ob tem pa je zanimiva ugotovitev, da obstajajo razlike v dojemanju nasilja glede na spol in starost; izsledki kažejo, da ženske in starejši tekmovalci bolj kritično presojajo različne situacije fizičnega, psihičnega in spolnega nasilja. Dobljeni izsledki raziskave tako prispevajo k večji ozaveščenosti o problematiki pojava nasilja v športa nasploh, predvsem pa v borilni veščini taekwon-do.
Keywords:nasilje, šport, vrhunski šport, športniki, borilne veščine, magistrska dela
Year of publishing:2017
Year of performance:2017
Place of performance:[Ljubljana
Publisher:S. Sirše]
Number of pages:129 str.
Source:[Ljubljana
UDC:343.62:796.8(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3388138 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:ZW5VOESN
Views:725
Downloads:77
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Experiencing violence among elite athletes in Slovenia: case study of taekwon-do
Abstract:In present master's thesis, experiencing violence among elite athletes in Slovenia in the case of a martial art called taekwon-do, a non-Olympic version (ITF) has been addressed. This thesis points to an increasingly higher problem of sport violence at training sessions of martial arts and in general. The reason for this can be seen in the attitude of today's society, which affects sports as well. The society promotes competitiveness and winning (being the best, breaking the record), which is why the training system has adapted to pursuing success. Training sessions are thus focused on victory or breaking the record in high-level sports no matter the price of such a victory, instead on the welfare of the athlete, which is losing importance. The theoretical part introduces various views on sport and general violence issues with an overview of Slovenian and foreign literature, concentrating on the main topic of the present thesis, that is violence in sports and its manifestations. For increased understanding, the theoretical views of authors have been supported by findings of empirical research. In introducing the main question of consideration known cases of violence in sports, which emerge in sports most often, have been analysed. Furthermore, personal observation and experience has also been added to the thesis. Quantitative empirical research was used to analyse the actual extent of violence within the taekwon-do national team, whereby the primary focus was put on experiencing violence from national team's coaches. The research helped find out that competitors at national team training sessions did not or have rarely experienced violence from coaches, although more detailed results point to physical violence being more prevalent than psychological and sexual violence. Competitors perceive such behaviour, which is defined as violence towards sportspeople (pain, injury, training sessions despite injury), as a part of high-level sporting activities. In particular, it is interesting to observe the differences in perceiving violence based on age and gender. The results show that women and older competitors are more critical towards different occurrences of physical, psychological and sexual violence. The results of the research thus contribute to greater awareness of the problem of violence in sports in general, and especially in taekwon-do.
Keywords:sport, high-level sport, taekwon-do, violence, violence in sports


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