|Abstract:||In present master's thesis, experiencing violence among elite athletes in Slovenia in the case of a martial art called taekwon-do, a non-Olympic version (ITF) has been addressed. This thesis points to an increasingly higher problem of sport violence at training sessions of martial arts and in general. The reason for this can be seen in the attitude of today's society, which affects sports as well. The society promotes competitiveness and winning (being the best, breaking the record), which is why the training system has adapted to pursuing success. Training sessions are thus focused on victory or breaking the record in high-level sports no matter the price of such a victory, instead on the welfare of the athlete, which is losing importance.
The theoretical part introduces various views on sport and general violence issues with an overview of Slovenian and foreign literature, concentrating on the main topic of the present thesis, that is violence in sports and its manifestations. For increased understanding, the theoretical views of authors have been supported by findings of empirical research. In introducing the main question of consideration known cases of violence in sports, which emerge in sports most often, have been analysed. Furthermore, personal observation and experience has also been added to the thesis. Quantitative empirical research was used to analyse the actual extent of violence within the taekwon-do national team, whereby the primary focus was put on experiencing violence from national team's coaches. The research helped find out that competitors at national team training sessions did not or have rarely experienced violence from coaches, although more detailed results point to physical violence being more prevalent than psychological and sexual violence. Competitors perceive such behaviour, which is defined as violence towards sportspeople (pain, injury, training sessions despite injury), as a part of high-level sporting activities. In particular, it is interesting to observe the differences in perceiving violence based on age and gender. The results show that women and older competitors are more critical towards different occurrences of physical, psychological and sexual violence.
The results of the research thus contribute to greater awareness of the problem of violence in sports in general, and especially in taekwon-do.|