|Abstract:||Even before the adoption of Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (shorter the Geneva Convention) held in 1951, foundations of international protection (Universal Declaration of Human Rights) were laid, but the latter, in combination with the 1967 Protocol first introduced the term "refugee" and its definition in legal terminology, which today represents the main pillar of the development of refugee law. The Geneva Convention also states the conditions necessary for applying for the refugee status and reasons for a potential loss, the legal status of these persons in the country that granted them asylum, minimum standards for the treatment of refugees and the obligations of member states.
The special status of these principles has the principle of "non-refoulement", which is a general principle of international law and even commits countries that are not signatories to the Geneva Convention. Its essence is that countries should not return refugees to the country where their life would be threatened because of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group.
Control of implementation of the Geneva Convention concerns the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), whose mission is to provide international protection and find long-term solutions for refugees, assist them with their integration into the new country’s environment and return to their country of origin.
Since 1999 the European Union seeks to unify legislation in the field of international protection and the establishment of a Common European Asylum System. The establishment of the latter took place in two stages, through which numerous directives and regulations were passed, setting out common standards and ensuring better cooperation between countries, which should lead to equal treatment of applicants for international protection, irrespective of the country in which they have filed an application. This is mainly being ensured by the Dublin Regulation, in conjunction with the EURODAC regulation, the Reception Conditions Directive, Qualification Directive and the Asylum Procedures Directive.
The Republic of Slovenia as a member of the European Union was required to implement the contents of these documents into its own legal system, which is currently being realized by two major bills, the International Protection Act and the Aliens Act. The foundation for the adoption of such laws, Slovenia guaranteed already with certain provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia. The International Protection Act parts the international protection status in two forms, the refugee status and subsidiary protection, and also contains procedural provisions. The Aliens Act lays down the conditions and ways of entering, leaving and the stay of foreigners in the Republic of Slovenia, while its amendment also introduces the possibility of launching a special measure, which could limit the number of refugees entering the Republic of Slovenia.|