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Title:Varnostne razsežnosti migrantske krize v Nemčiji : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študija
Authors:Marković, Maja (Author)
Sotlar, Andrej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Markovic_Maja_2017.pdf (452,02 KB)
MD5: F5AF00945B5B0C99EC567F6AE418204A
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:V prvi polovici leta 2015 se je začela migrantska kriza v Evropi, ki se nadaljuje še danes. Migranti v Evropo prihajajo tako legalno kot ilegalno predvsem iz držav Bližnjega vzhoda in Severne Afrike, kjer vladajo izredne razmere zaradi vojne, nasilja in revščine. Država, na katero cilja večina migrantov, je Zvezna republika Nemčija (ZRN). Slednja ima zelo pestro migracijsko zgodovino, zato ni nič nenavadnega, da je ob tej krizi migrantom odprla svoja vrata. Med glavnimi razlogi za sprejetje te odločitve je sedanji nemški demografski režim, ki za dobro gospodarsko prihodnost potrebuje mlado delovno silo. Sledijo mu nemška ustava, evropsko in mednarodno pravo. Slednje jim narekuje določene dolžnosti, ki jih je kot država podpisnica dolžna v takšnih primerih, kot je sedanja migrantska kriza, izvesti. Da bi zagotovili nadzor in notranjo varnost pri tako množičnem pritoku ljudi v državo, ima ZRN oblikovane zakone, integracijske načrte, azilne postopke in procese, skozi katere morajo migranti in begunci. Pri tem sodeluje več državnih in nedržavnih organov in organizacij. Med glavne grožnje varnosti zaradi problema migracij sodijo vse oblike političnega ekstremizma, islamizacija, terorizem ter porast splošnega in organiziranega kriminala. To se je tudi pokazalo v porastu tovrstne kriminalitete v zadnjem obdobju. Poseben problem pri tem predstavljajo tudi medkulturne razlike.
Keywords:migracije, migranti, migrantska kriza, politika odprtih vrat, varnostna politika, nacionalna varnost, Nemčija, diplomske naloge
Year of publishing:2017
Year of performance:2017
Place of performance:[Ljubljana
Publisher:M. Marković]
Number of pages:53 str.
Source:[Ljubljana
UDC:351.78(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3383530 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:IBL9QCSE
Views:1285
Downloads:139
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Security dimensions of the German migrant crisis
Abstract:In the first half of 2015 the migrant crisis in Europe has started. Both – legally and illegally – migrants and refugees arrive, manly from the countries of Middle East and North Africa, due to wars and violence. Almost all of them want to reach the one and only destination – the Federal republic of Germany. In the past already, this country represented one of the most popular destinations for people who wanted to live a better life, so it is not unusual for Germany to receive a large number of migrants. In this particular case, Germany conducts its open door policy. The reasons for that lie mainly in German demographic situation, which needs young and capable people for its good economic future. We also need to mention the German Constitution, the European and the International law. As a signatory of some international documents, Germany must fulfill its duty. In order to ensure control and internal security during such a massive influx of people into the country, governments have formed laws, integration plans, asylum procedures and processes through which migrants and refugees must pass. These are provided by several governmental and nongovernmental bodies and organizations. The main security threats, due to the migration problem, include all forms of political extremism, Islamization, terrorism and an increase in general and organized crime. This is reflected in the increase of these kinds of criminal activities in recent period. The big problems are also caused by cross-cultural differences between the existing and the new society.
Keywords:migrant crisis, security, political extremism, terrorism, Germany


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