|Opis:||Background. Diabetes occurs due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. Presence of several characteristics, such as neuropathy, ischaemia and infection is called diabetic foot syndrome, which causes destrucion of tissue and may lead to morbidity or even amputation. The purpose of the master thesis was to present and explore the problem of diabetic foot as a complication of diabetes from the perspective of nurses and patients with diabetes.
Research Methodology. Descriptive method analysis of domestic and foreign literature were used for the theoretical part of the study. Qualitative and quantitative methodology were used for the research. The data were collected using a questionnaire for patients with diabetes and a semi-structured interview for nurses working at the clinic. The empirical data obtained were analyzed and processed using a statistical computer program IBM SPSS Statistics 20 and a computer program Microsoft Office Excel 2010..
Results. It is important for patients to be educated about the health education of diabetes patients. They should be presented a diabetic foot, be educated about the correct way to use the antibiotics and be familiarized with the appropriate footwear to prevent problems with movement. In treating a diabetic foot it is important for nurses to recognize what is and what is going to be happening with the foot, to pay more attention to the diabetic foot care, to change bandages and to use the appropriate materials for wound healing. According to the state of diabetic foot, the nurses should know where to refer a patient to for further treatment, despite the fact the doctor makes the final call. Leg amputation is not a common complication of diabetic foot. Patients are well educated about foot care and proper footwear. Most respodents learned from nurses in clinics. Eyesight problems occur with increased age of the patients with diabetes. But problems, such as pedal pulse sensation changes, toenail changes, the presence of ulcers, neurological disorders, arterial hypertension, and an increased level of blood fat are not effected by increased age. Diabetic foot is equally common in men and women.
Conclusion. The number of patients with diabetes and diabetic foot is increasing every year. Health education for diabetes has progressed to a degree where clinics have their own schools. Thus patients with diabetes and also nurses are taught about diabetes health education. In order to prevent a serious complication of diabetic foot, it is important for nurses to educate their patients about diabetic foot, blood sugar control, regural physical activity, regural and proper foot care, self foot examination, proper footwear, where and when to get help, and how to avoid complications.|