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Title:Problematika pridobivanja podatkov pri izvedbi finančnih preiskav : diplomsko delo visokošolskega diplomskega študija Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:ID Žgajnar, Andrej (Author)
ID Eman, Katja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Zgajnar_Andrej_2016.pdf (567,72 KB)
MD5: C398C9CB2A6E98C76BE336FBF0E6EB00
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Eden temeljnih ciljev storilcev za izvrševanje kaznivih dejanj je pridobitev premoženjske koristi, s katero v nadaljevanju prosto razpolagajo. Na drugi strani pa je državi bistveno, da se nezakonito pridobljeno premoženje ali premoženjska korist storilcu, ali osebi, kateri je bila ta korist prenesena, odvzame. Trenutno slovenski državni aparat pozna tri različne postopke, s katerimi ugotavlja premoženjsko korist, ki je bila pridobljena s kaznivim dejanjem ali zaradi njega – tako imenovane finančne preiskave. Finančne preiskave v sklopu svojih pristojnosti v Sloveniji opravljajo tožilstvo in Finančna uprava RS, policija pa izvaja finančne preiskave v okviru pooblastil in pristojnosti, ki so opredeljene v Kazenskem zakoniku (KZ-1, 2008) in Zakonu o kazenskem postopku (ZKP, 2012), dolžnost opravljanja finančnih preiskav pa ji nalaga tudi Zakon o nalogah in pooblastilih policije (ZNPPol, 2013). V diplomski nalogi smo proučili postopke pridobivanja podatkov o premoženju osumljencev kaznivih dejanj, potrebnih za izvedbo finančnih preiskav, ki jih izvaja policija. Identificirali in analizirali smo težave pridobivanja in vrednotenja pridobljenih podatkov o premoženju subjekta finančne preiskave iz uradnih evidenc naših državnih institucij ter problematiko pridobivanja podatkov iz tujine. Ugotovili smo, da so finančne preiskave zaradi neučinkovitega sodelovanja in nepovezanosti evidenc državnih organov izredno dolgotrajne, pridobljeni podatki pa ne razkrivajo konkretnega premoženja. Pridobivanje podatkov iz tujine postopke še dodatno podaljša, v nekaterih primerih pa podatki sploh niso dostopni. Za pridobivanje konkretnejših podatkov, poenostavitev postopkov in dvig uspešnosti opravljenih finančnih preiskav bi bile potrebne korenite sistemske rešitve, tako na nivoju države, kot tudi na meddržavnem nivoju.
Keywords:finance, gospodarska kriminaliteta, finančna kriminaliteta, protipravna premoženjska korist, finančne preiskave, diplomske naloge
Place of publishing:[Ljubljana
Place of performance:[Ljubljana
Publisher:A. Žgajnar]
Year of publishing:2016
Year of performance:2016
Number of pages:44 str.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-64803 New window
UDC:343.37(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:3295978 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:QCPPRGLK
Publication date in DKUM:10.01.2017
Views:1621
Downloads:146
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE PROBLEM OF DATA ACQUISITION IN THE PERFORMANCE OF FINANCIAL INVESTIGATIONS
Abstract:One of the main purposes for committing a criminal offence is obtaining the proceeds that may be disposed of freely afterwards. On the other hand, it is essential for the state to deprive the offender or the person the proceeds are transferred to of the unlawfully obtained property or proceeds. Currently, there are three different procedures by means of which the Slovenian state apparatus determines the proceeds of crime, the so-called financial investigations. Within their respective competences, the financial investigations in Slovenia are performed by the Office of the Prosecutor and the Financial Administration of the Republic of Slovenia, whereas the police perform the financial investigations within the framework of the powers and competences defined in the Penal Code of the Republic of Slovenia (KZ-1, 2008) and the Criminal Procedure Act (ZKP, 2012), their duty to perform the financial investigations is also defined in the Police Tasks and Powers Act (ZNPPol, 2013). The thesis examines the procedures of acquiring the data on the property of the alleged offenders necessary for performing the financial investigations by the police. It also identifies and analyses the problems of the acquisition and evaluation of the acquired data on the property of the financial investigation subject from the state institutions official records and the problems of acquiring the data from abroad. The financial investigations have been established as extremely long processes due to the inefficient cooperation of the state authorities and unrelated official records; furthermore, the acquired data does not disclose the specific property. Acquiring data from abroad delays the procedure even further, in some cases the data is not even available. Profound system solutions are required at both national and international levels to ensure the acquisition of more specific data, simplification of the procedures and greater effectiveness of the financial investigations.
Keywords:financial investigation, proceeds, deprivation of property


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