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Title:Razvoj gasilstva na Slovenskem s poudarkom na Pomurju in vasi Žižki
Authors:Zadravec, Matej (Author)
Friš, Darko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Zadravec_Matej_2016.pdf (4,47 MB)
MD5: E8403B44E2653F3E09C1C20F20AAF1CD
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Gasilska služba se je razvila iz praktičnih razlogov in sicer iz želje po večji varnosti. Ker so naselja, vasi in mesta nekoč bila pretežno iz lesa, je največjo skrb povzročala požarna varnost. Prve zapise o gasilstvu (sestava moštva, načini gašenja …) najdemo že v starem Egiptu. Organiziranost gasilstva začne razpadati v času širitve krščanstva v Evropo. Čez čas se je gasilstvo organiziralo v sklopu cehov, ampak, kljub dobrim namenom, se v srednjem veku izkaže, da tak način organizacije gasilstva ni optimalen, saj je še vedno prihajalo do velikega števila uničujočih požarov. Gasilska društva so začeli organizirati znotraj redovniških služb. Gasilstvo se je naprej organizacijsko „selilo“ iz enega sektorja v drugega, med drugo svetovno vojno pa je bilo najbolj usmerjeno v zaščito pred letalskimi napadi. Po drugi svetovni vojni se je gasilstvo na Slovenskem organiziralo v okrajne in občinske gasilske zveze. Število teh se je ves čas spreminjalo, in sicer bolj zmanjševalo kot povečevalo. Tako stanje je veljalo do osamosvojitve oz. natančneje do leta 1993. Takrat se je skokovito povečalo ustanavljanje novih gasilskih zvez. Tak trend je veljal tudi za Pomurje. Tako je leta 1993 v Pomurju delovalo 5 gasilskih zvez, leta 2002 pa že kar 21, dodatne pa so se še ustanavljale. PGD Žižki je del gasilske zveze Črenšovci. Nastanek PGD Žižki datira v leto 1924. Skozi celotno zgodovino PGD Žižki se nam prikazuje povezanost društva z lokalno skupnostjo (tombole, veselice …). Društvo vedno išče načine, kako poplačati pomoč vaščanov in tako je stavbo, ki bi morala biti gasilski dom, brezplačno predala tovarni TOKO, da bi domači ljudje imeli službe. Danes to počne v smislu organizacije aktivnosti, druženj, gradnje in izdelave športnih površin…
Keywords:gasilstvo, Žižki, PGD Žižki, razvoj gasilstva, Pomurje, Slovenija, Gasilska zveza Slovenije
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:[M. Zadravec]
Source:Maribor
UDC:614.842(497.411Žižki)(043.2)
COBISS_ID:22646024 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:2F6LJL8L
Views:924
Downloads:88
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Evolution of the Fire service with the emphasis of its development in Pomurje region and village Žižki
Abstract:Fire service has evolved from practical reasons, namely because of the desire for greater security. Since villages and towns were mostly made out of wood, fire safety was among the greatest concern. The first records of the Fire Service (team composition, methods of fire fighting, ...) can be found in ancient Egypt. Firefighting organization begins to disintegrate during the expansion of Christianity in Europe. Over time, the fire fighting organized within the guild, but despite the good intentions, in the Middle Ages, such mode of organization of firefighting does not prove to be optimal, because there was still a large number of devastating fires. Fire brigades have begun to organize themselves within the monastic services. Fire fighting service organizationly moved from one sector to another. Focus of fire fighting service during World War II aimed at protection against air attacks. After the World War II, the Fire Service on the Slovenian teritory began to organize District and Municipal Fire Brigades. The number of these is changing all the time, namely more declining than increasing. The situation remained the same until independence, more specifically, until 1993. At that time, there was a sharp increase in the creation of new firefighting associations. This trend was recorded for the Pomurje region as well, where there were 5 fire lines in 1993. Until 2002 this number increased to 21, even more were getting set up later on. PGD Žižki is part of the Fire Brigade Črensovci. The formation of PGD Žižki dates back to the year 1924. History of PGD Žižki shows the relationship with the local community associations (raffles, parties, ...). PGD is always looking for ways to repay the help of villagers. Building, which should be a fire station, was given to TOKO firm so that local people would get employed. Today this “reimbursement” can be seen in terms of organizing activities, socializing, building sport areas...
Keywords:fire service, Žižki, PGD Žižki, development of fire service, Pomurje, Slovenija, Slovenian firefighting association


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