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Izpis gradiva

Naslov:MATIČNI MLEČEK MOŽNOSTI ZA TOPIKALNO UPORABO
Avtorji:Plohl, Klavdija (Avtor)
Lipovšek, Saška (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Maver, Uroš (Komentor)
Datoteke:.pdf MAG_Plohl_Klavdija_2016.pdf (3,06 MB)
MD5: B1FD68EF6B134FFABCA4FD775AA85A32
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:FNM - Fakulteta za naravoslovje in matematiko
Opis:Matični mleček (MM) je izloček hipofaringealnih in mandibularnih žlez čebel (t.i. čebel dojilj), vrste kranjska čebela, Apis mellifera carnica, starih od 6 do 15 dni. MM je edina hrana čebelje matice. Je belo do belo rumene barve, gosto tekoč, običajno nehomogen, saj vsebuje netopna zrnca različnih velikosti in oblik. Njegov vonj je kisel in oster, medtem ko je okus kisel, oster in rahlo pekoč. Sestava matičnega mlečka je kompleksna. Kemijsko je MM sestavljen iz: 60 – 70 % vode, 9 – 18 % beljakovin, 7 – 18 % ogljikovih hidratov, 3 – 8 % maščob, 0.8 – 3 % mineralnih snovi, vitaminov, fenolnih spojin in flavonoidov v sledeh. Poznavanje kemijske sestave MM in pravilno shranjevanje sta ključna za ocenjevanje njegove kakovosti. MM sodi med funkcionalna živila in ima potrjeno antioksidativno, protibakterijsko, protivirusno in protitumorsko delovanje. V MM se nahajajo fenolne spojine v obliki flavonoidov, ki so odgovorne za funkcionalne lastnosti živil, kot je na primer antioksidativno delovanje. Koža je največji človeški organ, ki ščiti telo pred izgubo tekočine, vdorom mikroorganizmov, kemijskimi, mehanskimi in osmotskimi poškodbami. Rana je nasilna prekinitev ali motnja v celični in anatomski kontinuiteti tkiva, ki je nastala bodisi zaradi kemične, fizikalne, toplotne ali mikrobiološko povzročene poškodbe tkiva. Namen te raziskave je bil oceniti MM, pridelan pri Čebelarstvu Mlinarič – Plohl, iz Grab, v občini Središče ob Dravi, v smislu njegove kemijske sestave (vsebnost sladkorjev, maščobnih kislin, skupnih polifenolov in flavonoidov), pH vrednosti in topnosti v različnih topilih, ter proučiti njegov vpliv na rast humanih kožnih fibroblastov. Na osnovi omenjenih testov smo načrtovali oceno potenciala MM za topikalno aplikacijo v medicini. V primeru obetavnih rezultatov bi lahko MM uporabili bodisi v obliki medicinskih oblog za oskrbo ran, ali pa kot dodatek pri farmakoterapiji kožnih oblik raka. V tej študiji smo uporabili vzorec svežega MM, ki je bil nabran 30. 5. 2016, v naselju Grabe – Obrež, v občini Središče ob Dravi in shranjen v steklen kozarec katerega smo položili v striroporno embalažo in nato shranili v hladilnik, na temperaturo 4°C. Gojenje in rast kožnih fibroblastov, priprava raztopin MM v ultra čisti vodi, v fosfatnem pufru ter etanolu in metanolu, ter aplikacija MM na kožne fibroblaste, je bilo izvedeno na Medicinski fakulteti Univerze v Mariboru. Dobljene rezultate smo analizirali in podali v obliki tabel in grafov, vključujoč primerno statistično analizo. Ugotovili smo, da je imel MM čebelarstva Mlinarič – Plohl pH vrednost 3.97, kar je v skladu s standardno kemijsko sestavo matičnega mlečka. Z analizo GC – MS smo v svežem MM določili različne sladkorje in maščobne kisline. Skupna vsebnost polifenolov in flavonoidov je bila izmerjena dvakrat. Vsebnost skupnih polifenolov je znašala 3.12 mg/g oz. 4.22 mg/g. Vsebnost skupnih flavononidov v vzorcu pa je bila 0.68 mg/g oz. 1.88 mg/g. Ugotovili smo, da se MM najbolj topi v ultra čisti vodi, nato sledi etanol. V tetrahidrofuranu pa se sploh ne topi. Na osnovi rezultatov MTT testa na kožnih fibroblastih, ki so pokazali nižjo viabilnost v primerjavi s kontrolo, sklepamo, da sta alkoholni raztopini (etanolna in metanolna) svežega MM neprimerni za direkten nanos na kožo za potrebe celjenja ran. Nižja viabilnost pa morda nakazuje drugo možnost uporabe teh raztopin, in sicer kot razkužilo. Vodna raztopina in raztopina v fosfatnem pufru (PBS) matičnega mlečka, sta se izkazali primerni za aplikacijo na kožne fibroblaste oziroma za nadaljnja testiranja na drugih tipih celic ali za iskanje možnega farmakološkega učinka (npr. protitumorsko delovanje).
Ključne besede:kranjska čebela (Apis melllifera carnica), matični mleček, kožni fibroblasti, topikalna aplikacija, citotoksičnost, kemijska sestava, sladkorji, maščobne kisline, polifenoli, flavonoidi
Leto izida:2016
Založnik:[K. Plohl]
Izvor:Maribor
UDK:638.12(043.2)
COBISS_ID:22630152 Novo okno
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:5X4SXABS
Število ogledov:1717
Število prenosov:112
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:FNM
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:ROYAL JELLY POSSIBLE TOPICAL APPLICATION
Opis:Royal Jelly (RJ) is a secretion from the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of 6 to 15 days old bees (bee nurse), a type of Carniolan bee, Apis mellifera carnica. RJ is the exclusive food of the queen bee. It is a white to white - yellow viscous liquid that is usually non-homogeneous, since it contains insoluble granules of different sizes and shapes. Its smell is sour and pungent, while the taste is sour, pungent and slightly spicy. The composition of RJ is complex, while its general composition includes: 60 – 70 % water, 9 – 18 % protein, 7 – 18 % carbohydrates, 3 – 8 % fat, and 0.8 – 3 % of minerals, vitamins, phenolic compounds, and flavonoids in trace amounts. Knowledge of the chemical composition of RJ and proper storage is key for assessing its quality. RJ is a functional food, due to a number of positive properties: its antioxidant activity, as well its antibacterial, antiviral and antitumor activities. In RJ phenolic compounds can be found in the form of flavonoids, which are responsible for most of its functional properties, e.g. its antioxidant activity. The skin is the largest human organ, which protects the body from fluid loss, penetration of micro-organisms, chemical, mechanical and osmotic damage. A wound is defined as the disruption of the cellular and anatomic continuity of a tissue and may occur due to physical, chemical, thermal, or microbial tissue trauma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the RJ produced in the Beekeeping Mlinarič – Plohl, from Grabe, in the municipality Središče ob Dravi, in terms of its chemical composition (the content of sugar, fatty acids, the content of total polyphenols and flavonoids), its pH value and solubility in different solvents, as well as to examine its impact on the growth of the human skin derived fibroblasts. Based on the combination of all the mentioned tests, an preliminary determination of the RJ potential for topical application was planned. In the case of positive results, RJ could be applied in the form of medical patches for wound treatment, or in the future as a possible additive in the pharmacotherapy of skin cancer. The fresh RJ sample used in this study was collected on 30. May 2016 in the village Grabe – Obrež, and stored in a glass jar which was stored in a Styrofoam packaging in a fridge, at a temperature of 4°C. The cultivation and growth of cells, the preparation of RJ solutions in ultra-pure water, in phosphate buffer (PBS), ethanol and methanol, and the application of RJ on the skin fibroblasts, were performed at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Maribor. The obtained results were statistically analysed and presented in the form of tables and graphs. We found that RJ from the Beekeeping Mlinarič – Plohl had a pH value of 3.97, which is comparable with the standard chemical composition of RJ. With the analysis of the RJ sample using GC – MS, we have detected different sugars and fatty. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of the fresh RJ were determined twice. The total polyphenol content was found to be 3.12 mg/g and 4.22 mg/g, respectively. The flavonoid content was 0.68 mg/g and 1.88 mg/g, respectively. We have found that ultra-pure water and ethanol were the best solvents for RJ, while tetrahydrofuran did not dissolve RJ at all. Based on the results obtained using the MTT assay on skin derived fibroblasts, which showed a lower viability compared to the control sample, alcoholic solutions (ethanol and methanol) of the fresh RJ were shown not suitable for direct application onto the skin to promote wound healing. The lower viability could on the other hand point to their alternative use, namely as disinfectant solutions. Water solutions and solutions in the phosphate buffered saline (PBS) have proven to be suitable for application to the skin fibroblast cells, and are interesting for further evaluation of possible pharmacological activities (for example anti-tumor activity) either on the same or other cell types.
Ključne besede:honeybee (Apis mellifera carnica), Royal Jelly, skin derived fibroblasts, topical application, cytotoxicity, chemical composition, sugars, fatty acids, polyphenols, flavonoids


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