|Abstract:||Extortion is a phenomenon that has a strong presence in our society, although this is not something we are even aware of. All people are different, and often there are situations when one person is stronger than the other. This gives an advantage, whether it is due to a physical, situational or any other circumstances. In such moments, the stronger person lashes out at weaker, either for money, services or any other item, most often by using extortion.
Restaurants and bars and their owners are certainly one of those groups who are most often subjects of extortion. Because of fear, shame and feelings of helplessness, the owners of restaurants and bars rarely have the courage to resist. It is therefore difficult to detect extortion. In extremely rare cases extorted restaurants owners also report extortion to the police. One of the main reasons is that extortion most of the time takes place in a closed circle. Only involved in this relationship are the one who blackmails and the one who is a victim of extortion. Extortion may come from different sources and at different levels. It can be carried by an individual, group or criminal organization. The consequences could affect both, the individual, as well as the entire country. In particular, criminal organizations through extortion of businesses stifle economic development, milk money from the state treasury and poison the legal economy, thereby affecting the entire society. Also important is the influence of the media on the perception of extortion. The media are the ones who collect, publish and provide information as well as they have an important influence on the perception, warning and solving the problems of extortion. This Master's thesis presents the problem of extortion and its definition, tries to determine effects which extortion has on the individual and the state, deals with hotels, restaurants and pubs as an area that is particularly prone to blackmail and attempts to analyze the amount of extortion on restaurants, bars and pubs in the center of Ljubljana. Master's thesis also points to the influence of the media on perception and solving the problems of extortion and how police work is trying to fight extortion of restaurants, bars and pubs.|