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Title:PREHRANA V OBDOBJU NOSEČNOSTI
Authors:ID Kokalj, Andreja (Author)
ID Hlastan Ribič, Cirila (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Stričević, Jadranka (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf SPEC_Kokalj_Andreja_2016.pdf (2,19 MB)
MD5: 5E8E83F739E1B443319A944294BB3D52
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Specialist thesis (m3)
Typology:2.10 - Specialist Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: Zdrava prehrana v obdobju nosečnosti naj predstavlja varno, energijsko in hranilno uravnoteženo ter varovalno hrano. Namen specialističnega dela je ugotoviti, kako se nosečnice prehranjujejo, kje pridobivajo informacije in ugotoviti ali imajo nosečnice z višjim indeksom telesne mase tudi višjo vrednost krvnega sladkorja oziroma ugotovljeno nosečniško sladkorno bolezen. Metodologija raziskave: Uporabili smo kvantitativno metodo raziskovanja. Prehranjevalne navade smo raziskovali s pomočjo anketnega vprašalnika, antropoloških meritev in laboratorijskega izvida vrednosti krvnega sladkorja. V vzorcu smo zajeli 50 naključno izbranih nosečnic. Rezultati: Največ anketiranih nosečnic pridobiva informacije o zdravi prehrani preko elektronskih medijev, nato s strani zdravstvenega osebja, svojcev in prijateljev. Nosečnice so v večini seznanjene s pravili pravilne in zdrave prehrane, vendar iz več odgovorov o obrokih, vrsti zaužite hrane, količini obrokov na teden in gibalne aktivnosti izhaja, da se velika večina ne drži tega, kar sicer teoretično pozna. Povprečni indeks telesne mase vseh nosečnic je malenkost preko meje, ki označuje normalno telesno maso. Nosečnice, ki imajo povišano vrednost krvnega sladkorja v krvi imajo povprečni indeks telesne mase višji od povprečja vseh anketiranih nosečnic. Sklep: Zaključek raziskave je moč povzeti v ugotovitvi, da se nosečnice relativno nezdravo prehranjujejo, kljub temu, da navajajo, da so seznanjene z načeli zdrave prehrane v času nosečnosti. Raziskava je pokazala, da je potrebno povečati strokovno informiranje nosečnic o pravilni in zdravi prehrani preko elektronskih medijev in s strani zdravstvenega osebja pri individualnih pogovorih ter predavanjih v šoli za bodoče starše.
Keywords:nosečnost, nosečniška sladkorna bolezen, prehrana, folna kislina, zdravstvena vzgoja
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:[A. Kokalj]
Source:Maribor
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-63272 New window
UDC:618.2:613.2(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:2271396 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:CYY6EPRG
Publication date in DKUM:21.10.2016
Views:2872
Downloads:315
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:PREGNANCY NUTRITION
Abstract:Theoretical basis: A healthy nutrition during pregnancy period should ensure a safe, energy and nutrient balanced and protective food. Purposes of the specialist work were to determine the nutrition of pregnant women, sources from where they obtain information on healthy nutrition and finally to establish whether the pregnant women with a higher body mass index have a higher blood sugar value thus having a gestational diabetes. Research methodology: The quantitative research method was applied. These habits have been researched using a questionnaire, anthropologic measurements and laboratory measurements of blood sugar levels. The sample included 50 randomly selected pregnant women. Results: The highest number of sampled pregnant women acquired information on healthy nutrition by using electronic media outlets, followed by information gained from medical staff, relatives and friend. Pregnant women are mostly familiar with the principles of proper and healthy nutrition, but based on several answers on the meals, types of food intake, number of meals per week and physical activity it can be concluded that the vast majority of pregnant women do not follow the principles despite theoretically knowing them. The average body mass index of pregnant women is slightly over the limit that indicates normal weight. Pregnant women who have elevated blood sugar levels have an average body mass index higher than the average of all surveyed pregnant women. Conclusion: The conclusion of the research based on the analysis of the sample and questionnaire is that the nutrition of pregnant women is relatively unhealthy, despite the fact that they have stated to be aware of the principles of a healthy nutrition during pregnancy. The research has shown that it is necessary to increase the professional information outreach on pregnant women about the proper and healthy nutrition through electronic media outlets and by health care personnel in individual talks and lectures in school for future parents.
Keywords:pregnancy, gestational diabetes, nutrition, folic acid, health education


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