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Title:MADŽARSKO BEGUNSKO VPRAŠANJE V SLOVENIJI V LETIH 1956 IN 1957
Authors:Kološa, Tanja (Author)
Friš, Darko (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Kovacs, Attila (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf UN_Kolosa_Tanja_2016.pdf (1,04 MB)
MD5: C23435641DD053915D5297D8F1668AD4
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Revolucija oktobra 1956 na Madžarskem je bila prvi večji upor proti sovjetskemu režimu. Med vstajo in po njenem zatrtju je Madžarsko državo ilegalno zapustilo okoli 200.000 prebivalcev. Večina, približno 90 %, ljudi je zbežalo prek meje v Avstrijo, manjši del pa je domovino zapustilo prek Jugoslavije oz. Slovenije. Veličina begunskega vala je presenetila tako države sprejemnice kot cel Zahodni svet. Cilj naloge je bil, da s pomočjo arhivskih virov, slovenske periodike in strokovne literature podrobno predstavit madžarsko begunsko problematiko v Sloveniji ter Jugoslaviji. Skoraj 20.000 madžarskih beguncev je dobilo začasno zatočišče v jugoslovanskih taboriščih. V arhivskih virih Uprave državne varnosti obstajajo podatki, da je v Slovenijo pribežalo 2.361 madžarskih beguncev, ki so bili nameščeni v 10-ih začasnih begunskih taboriščih. Več kot 300 ljudi je skrbelo za uspešno delovanje teh taborišč, ki so bili urejeni v turističnih centrih in gradovih. Iz istih virov ter iz slovenskih časnikov razberemo, da je največji naval madžarskih beguncev v Sloveniji bil v mesecu januarju leta 1957. Statistični podatki o starostni strukturi madžarskih beguncev v Jugoslaviji prikazujejo, da je kar 80 % madžarskih beguncev bilo starih do 35 let, od tega je visoko število mladoletnih in tistih otrok, ki so pobegnili brez staršev. Za vzrok pobega je večina madžarskih beguncev navedla strah pred komunističnim režimom in željo po boljšem življenju na Zahodu. Velika večina teh beguncev, ki so bili v slovenskih taboriščih, je za končni cilj izbrala eno izmed Zahodno Evropskih držav.
Keywords:Madžarska revolucija leta 1956, Nagy Imre, madžarski begunci, slovenska begunska taborišča, UNHCR, J. B. Tito, Visoki komisar OZN za begunce
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:[T. Kološa]
Source:Maribor
UDC:94(439)"1956/1958"(043.2)
COBISS_ID:22663176 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:VZXA6R4J
Views:991
Downloads:83
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE QUESTION OF HUNGARIAN REFUGEES IN SLOVENIA IN YEARS 1956 AND 1957
Abstract:The revolution in October 1956 in Hungary was the first major rebellion against the Soviet regime. During the rebellion and after its suppression, around 200.000 people fled Hungary illegally. Most of them, around 90 %, fled across the border with Austria, and a smaller part left the country through former Yugoslavia, today Slovenia. The scale of the refugee crisis surprised the receiving countries and the whole Western world. The aim of the diploma paper was a detailed presentation of the Hungarian refugee problem in Slovenia and Yugoslavia using archive material, Slovenian periodical publications and professional literature. Almost 20.000 Hungarian refugees were granted temporary shelter in Yugoslavian camps. According to the archive material of the State Security Administration 2.361 Hungarian refugees were accommodated in 10 temporary refugee camps. More than 300 people worked in these camps which were set in tourist centres and castles. The same sources and Slovenian newspapers reveal, that the most Hungarian refugees arrived in Slovenia in January 1957. Statistical data on the age structure of the Hungarian refugees in Yugoslavia reveal, that 80 % of Hungarian refugees were aged 35 or less, with a high percentage of minors and children without parents. Most of the Hungarian refugees stated that the reason for escaping was the fear from the communist regime and the wish for better life in the West. Most of the fugitives in Slovenian camps chose one of the West European countries as their final destination.
Keywords:Hungarian revolution in 1956, Imre Nagy, Hungarian refugees, Slovenian refugee camps, UNHCR, J. B. Tito, UN High Commissioner for Refugees


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