|Opis:||Public–private partnership (PPP) is an increasingly popular form of provision of public goods and services. It is a long-term partnership between private and public sectors, which care for providing public goods and implementation of public services. At the same time, governments can use such partnerships, when confronted with a lack of state money and public infrastructures. In a PPP skills and resources of both sectors merge together, meanwhile risks and responsibilities distribute. Governments can use expertise of private sector, in return to allow private sector to focus on the project itself, meanwhile the policy, planning and regulation leave to the government.
In graduation project we have analyzed condition of PPP in Europe through 2010-2015, as we were interested in mutually competition and success of states on PPP market.
With analyses mentioned above, we concluded that Great Britain is the lead state in PPP market as by numbers of concluded projects as well as by projects value. Great Britain by number of concluded projects follow France, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, Denmark, Turkey, Croatia, Greece, Ireland, Poland, Portuguese, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Austria, Finland, Luxemburg, Bulgaria, and Sweden. By project value Greta Britain follow France, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Portuguese, Ireland, Denmark, Swede, Finland, Greece, Poland, Croatia, Austria and Czech Republic.
Most of the PPP projects were concluded in education sector, which follow transport, health, overall public services, public order and safety, residential sector, recreation and culture, telecommunication and energy. Based on the value of PPP projects, which were concluded in analyzed period, the transport sector has forced, meanwhile health, education, environment, public order and safety, overall public services, residential sectors, telecommunication, recreation and culture and energy follow.
We have also analyzed so-financing of PPP projects by European investment bank. EIB has the most number of projects so-financed in Great Britain, followed by France, Spain, Italy, Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Ireland, Portuguese, Turkey, Belgium, Finland, Poland, Croatia, Greece and Austria. The most number of project so-financed by EIB were in transport sector, followed by health, education and environment.
Already historical records from 18. century testify about successful cooperation of Great Britain with private sector, which has started with involvement of private sector in cleaning of street lights. Great Britain stays in a top of the PPP market also in recent history, by which it proves other European states, how successful can a provision of public goods and implementation of public services be with a help of private sector. Because of the impact of economic crisis, which is present also now days and probably will be present also in the next few years, the states will cope with the lack of state money. Governments are going to face with difficulties in providing public goods and services. PPP will so represent one of the main solutions for providing needed public goods and services.|