| | SLO | ENG | Piškotki in zasebnost

Večja pisava | Manjša pisava

Izpis gradiva

Naslov:PROBLEM NEZAKONITEGA PRISELJEVANJA NA OZEMLJE EVROPSKE UNIJE IN PRIDOBIVANJE STATUSOV OSEB S POTREBO PO MEDNARODNI ZAŠČITI PO PRAVU EU IN RS
Avtorji:Fekonja, Luka (Avtor)
Tratnik, Matjaž (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf UN_Fekonja_Luka_2016.pdf (1,06 MB)
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo (m5)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:PF - Pravna fakulteta
Opis:V diplomski nalogi je obravnavan problem nezakonitega priseljevanja na območju Evropske unije in Republike Slovenije, ki predvsem v zadnjem desetletju predstavlja enega izmed večjih izzivov državam članicam, tako v praksi kot tudi v teoriji. Na podlagi aktualne zakonodaje Republike Slovenije in zakonodaje Evropske unije je podrobneje opisan postopek in pogoji predpisani za vložitev prošnje za mednarodno zaščito. V uvodnem poglavju je obravnavana problematika nezakonitega priseljevanja skozi aktualne statistične podatke ter primerjava le-teh med posameznimi državami članicami. Nadalje so predstavljeni posamezni pogostejši izrazi v povezavi z izbrano temo, kot so begunec, azilant, prosilec za azil, mednarodna zaščit ali azil ipd., ki so, zaradi svoje podobnosti lahko zavajajoči in hitro postanejo predmet zmot in nerazumevanja. Obravnavani so tudi vzroki in vrste nezakonitega priseljevanja na podlagi različnih migracijskih teorij, ter običajne poti, po katerih migranti dosegajo zunanje meje držav članic Evropske unije. V tem poglavju so povzete tudi kazni za nedovoljeno prečkanje meja Republike Slovenije, predpisane v Kazenskem zakoniku Republike Slovenije. V drugem poglavju je opisana aktualna zakonodaja Evropske unije in pravni predpisi, ki urejajo omenjeno področje. V začetku je predstavljen razvoj na področju azilnega prava vse od prvih pravil do aktualne pravne ureditve in prizadevanja ter težnje po harmonizaciji ureditev azilnega prava med državami članicami Evropske unije. Na podlagi zakonodaje je predstavljen celoten postopek od nezakonitega vstopa na ozemlje katere od članic Evropske unije do vložitve in obravnave prošnje ter pogojev, predpisanih za pridobitev mednarodne zaščite. Predvsem je govora o direktivah in uredbah, ki jih je večina držav članic implementirala v svojo zakonodajno ureditev. V tretjem poglavju diplomskega dela je predstavljena domača zakonodaja na področju prava tujcev in azilnega prava v Republiki Sloveniji, ki se v veliki meri, zaradi harmonizacije pravil iz drugega poglavja v nacionalno zakonodajo Republike Slovenije, navezuje na prejšnje poglavje. Prav zaradi navezovanja na domača pravila in pravila Evropske unije pa so izpostavljene razlike v ureditvi med obema obravnavanima zakonodajama. V zadnjem poglavju pa je omenjena še problematika najjužnejšega italijanskega otoka Lampeduse, ki je obenem najjužnejša točka Italije, in ki se zadnja desetletja spopada z valom nezakonitega priseljevanja migrantov. V nadaljevanju so obravnavani še ureditev statusa begunca v skladu z italijansko ustavo, postopek pridobitve mednarodne zaščite po aktualni italijanski zakonodaji ter razlika med ureditvami Republike Italije, Evropske unije in Republike Slovenije v obravnavanju in interpretaciji izraza begunec.
Ključne besede:Begunec, azil, mednarodna zaščita, subsidiarna zaščita, direktive, zakonodaja Evropske unije, zakonodaja Republike Slovenije, Lampedusa, migrant, Republika Italija, Dublinska uredba, direktive.
Leto izida:2016
Založnik:[L. Fekonja]
Izvor:Maribor
UDK:341.43(043.2)
COBISS_ID:5124651 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:N6QWWEOY
Število ogledov:617
Število prenosov:101
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:PF
:
  
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
Objavi na:AddThis
AddThis uporablja piškotke, za katere potrebujemo vaše privoljenje.
Uredi privoljenje...

Postavite miškin kazalec na naslov za izpis povzetka. Klik na naslov izpiše podrobnosti ali sproži prenos.

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:THE PROBLEM OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION INTO THE EUROPEAN UNION AND OBTAINING THE STATUS OF PEOPLE IN NEED OF INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION UNDER EU LAW AND THE LAW OF REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA
Opis:Through the eyes of many people who know it only from afar, the community of countries of the old continent is a promised land of milk and honey and hope for a better life for anyone that is willing to work. But is that really the case or are we sinking into even deeper issues because of people's misconceptions and our unwillingness? The right of asylum was established in the middle of the 20th century considering the Geneva convention and the Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, namely in accordance with the 18th article of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. The latest issues of the European Union are definitely not insignificant, but one of the most serious ones is the issue of illegal immigration. Just in 2014 alone there were 626 thousand asylum seekers in the countries of the European Union, which was the highest number since 1992, when there were 670 thousand asylum seekers due to war in former Yugoslavia. The newest data for the year 2015 show that there were almost 1,3 million asylum seekers in the countries of the European Union, which is two times the amount of the year before. Europe, which is in close geographic proximity of modern crisis areas, areas of migration, is having an increasingly hard time dealing with this issue, which is the subject of many discussions and decision-makings. A desire for a better life is the reason behind the decisions of third world countries' citizens to leave their home countries and embark on a journey towards Europe. Expressions such as refugee, asylum seeker, international protection and subsidiary protection are an everyday regularity. Such similar, but also different expressions are often wrongly interpreted. Because these expressions are used through out the whole diploma thesis, we are going to explain them right here in the introduction. Expressions asylum seeker and refugee are not synonyms. An asylum seeker is a person who claims to be a refugee and is seeking international protection due to persecution or war in his/her country of origin. Each person who has been recognised as having refugee status was also an asylum seeker in the beginning. However, every asylum seeker will not be granted refugee status. Asylum seekers are thus persons who are waiting for the final decision of authorities of member states, who are responsible for such decision-making. Expressions such as international protection are also used often. Expressions international protection and asylum are synonyms. After a person files an application and becomes an asylum seeker, it does not mean that it reflects an assumption of the final decision concerning a possible recognition of refugee status, but it lets us know that the person filed an application for asylum. However, refugee status is not the only type of international protection that an applicant can obtain. Another type is subsidiary protection, which is given to a person that does not present sufficient and credible reasons to acquire refugee status, but if the person were to return to his/her native country there would be a chance of serious damage in the form of death penalty, torture or inhumane or degrading treatment. Considering special circumstances, entitlement to international protection is assessed through prospective procedures as part of national asylum systems. Effective asylum system provides quick and impartial operation and ensures that each asylum seeker who effectively needs international protection will receive it. This type of system also prevents those who do not need protection from having any kind of benefits (for example: economic migrants). If during the procedure itself it is established that a person is not a refugee or does not need international protection, competent authorities will send him/her back to the country of origin.
Ključne besede:refugee, asylum, asylum seeker, international protection, subsidiary protection, European Union, Europe, Republic of Slovenia, Republic of Italy, migration, directives, Dublin Regulation.


Komentarji

Dodaj komentar

Za komentiranje se morate prijaviti.

Komentarji (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
Ni komentarjev!

Nazaj
Logotipi partnerjev Univerza v Mariboru Univerza v Ljubljani Univerza na Primorskem Univerza v Novi Gorici