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Title:ANALIZA IN PROBLEMATIKA ZADOLŽEVANJA LOKALNE SAMOUPRAVE V SLOVENIJI
Authors:Justin, Špela (Author)
Oplotnik, Žan Jan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Brezovnik, Boštjan (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Justin_Spela_2016.pdf (2,05 MB)
MD5: 35D36BE72DC8636C97BD53B71C316517
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis (m2)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:Avtonomna lokalna samouprava za svoje delovanje potrebuje zadostne finančne vire. To pomeni, da morajo biti ti sorazmerni z nalogami lokalnih skupnosti ter jim omogočati skladen razvoj. Razvoj dosegajo lokalne skupnosti z investicijsko dejavnostjo oz. z razvojnimi projekti. Magistrsko delo se osredotoča na enega od virov financiranja občinskega razvoja, na zadolževanje. Slovenska zakonodaja določa, da smejo občine, skladno z v Evropi uveljavljenim načelom zlatega fiskalnega pravila na lokalni ravni, z zadolževanjem financirati le svoje investicije, ne pa tekočih odhodkov, kar pomeni, da se celotna zadolžitev občin odrazi v njihovem investiranju in s tem ugodno vpliva na makroekonomske kazalce države. Država dolžniško financira primanjkljaj prihodkov v svojih bilancah. To je tudi bistvena razlika med zadolževanjem slovenskih občin in države. V magistrskem delu je prikazan sistem zadolževanja slovenskih občin in države. Nato so prikazane omejitve zadolževanja in razpoložljivost dolžniških inštrumentov lokalne ravni doma in v nekaterih drugih državah. Obravnavana je aktualna slovenska problematika padanja občinskih prihodkov za financiranje izvirnih nalog v zadnjem času, ob tem, da se pristojnosti občin ne zmanjšujejo. Sistemsko padanje prihodkov povečuje potrebo po zadolževanju občin z namenom financiranja razvojnih projektov in s tem zagotavljanja skladnega razvoja. Zato se zastavlja vprašanje, ali so omejitve zadolževanja ovira za doseganje skladnega razvoja lokalne ravni, česar pa z raziskavo v empiričnem delu nismo mogli potrditi. Dejstvo je, da so občine skupaj v letih od 2011 do 2014, s precej manjšimi proračuni od države, financirale investicije približno enake vrednosti kot država. Zato je izjemno pomembno, da lokalne oblasti razpolagajo z ustreznimi resursi za nujno investiranje lokalne ravni, kar pa je odvisno od razvitosti lokalnih finančnih trgov in s tem razpoložljivosti različnih oblik zadolževanja ter od zakonodajnega okvira, ki ureja zadolževanje lokalne samouprave. Zadolženost lokalne ravne je konec leta 2014 predstavljala 2,6 % celotnega javnega dolga, medtem ko je zadolženost centralne ravni predstavljala 97,4 % javnega dolga. V magistrskem delu nas je zanimalo ali je zadolženost slovenskih občin v primerjavi z zadolževanjem države neproblematična z vidika celotne zadolženosti, kar smo na osnovi analize treh kazalnikov potrdili. Država nadzoruje in omejuje zadolževanje občin, saj je njena naloga, da skrbi za javnofinančno stabilnost na makroekonomski ravni. Vendar pa je smiselno, da imajo občine dostop do zadostnih in raznolikih dolžniških virov za financiranje svojih razvojnih projektov, ki lahko bistveno izboljšajo kakovost življenja ljudi ter ugodno vplivajo na zaposlenost in gospodarsko rast in hkrati pomenijo tudi razvoj države.
Keywords:Slovenija, lokalna samouprava, fiskalna decentralizacija, javne finance, financiranje občin, zadolževanje občin, zadolževanje države
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:Š. Justin
Source:[Maribor
UDC:336.1
COBISS_ID:12655644 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:9PITPKUU
Views:1255
Downloads:173
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:EPF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Analysis and Problems of Local Self-Government's Borrowing in Slovenija
Abstract:Autonomous local communities need adequate financial resources for their functioning. That means resources must be proportionate to jurisdictions of local authorities to enable consistent development. Local development is achieved through investment activities and development projects. Master’s thesis is focused on one of the three financial sources - borrowing. Slovenian legislation determines, in accordance to EU guidelines of using the Golden Rule on sub-national level, that municipal borrowing is only allowed for investments and not to finance current spending, which means that all borrowing reflects in municipal investments therefore supporting state's macro-economic indicators. The state, on the other hand, is using debt financing to cover its deficit. This is also the main difference between sub-national and national borrowing. Master’s thesis shows the borrowing system of municipalities and the state followed by borrowing limitations and municipal debt instruments availability in Slovenia and abroad. The systemic revenue fall increases the need for municipal debt resources to finance development projects which enable proportionate development. Hypothesis, saying the borrowing limitations represent an obstacle for reaching proportionate municipal development level could not be confirmed by research in the empirical part of the thesis. Fact is, that all municipalities together (with significantly smaller sum of budgets than the state's) in the period from 2011 to 2014 had financed investments of approximately the same value as the state. Therefore it is very important that municipalities have necessary resources available for their crucial investments, which is however dependent of development level of local financial markets and variety of debt instruments as well as indebtedness legislative frame regulating municipal borrowing. Complete sub-national level debt by the end of 2014 represents 2,6 % of the whole public debt, while the central level debt represents 97,4 % of the public debt. Within the master's thesis we were interested whether municipal debt is, compared to central government’s debt, non-problematic as a part of the national debt - which was proven so, based on three pointers analysis. State controls and limits municipalities borrowing, since it is it's function to provide public finance stability on macro-economic level. However it is sensible for municipalities to have access to sufficient and various borrowing resources to finance their development projects, that can significantly enrich the quality of peoples lives and positively influence the employment and economic growth and mark the national development at the same time.
Keywords:Slovenija, Local Self-Government, Fiscal Decentralization, Public Finance, Municipality Funding, Local Debt, Government Debt


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