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Izpis gradiva

Naslov:POLITIČNA KARIERA PREDSEDNIKA JOHNA ADAMSA SKOZI NJEGOVO PISANJE
Avtorji:Vtič Čuček, Nuša (Avtor)
Klemenčič, Matjaž (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf UN_Vtic_Cucek_Nusa_2016.pdf (1,90 MB)
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo (m5)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:FF - Filozofska fakulteta
Opis:Diplomsko delo predstavlja življenje enega izmed pomembnejših mož, ki je za čas svojega življenja postal del okolja, ki je pisalo zgodovino Amerike. John Adams se je rodil 30. oktobra 1735 kot najstarejši sin. Bil je prvi iz družine Adams, ki se je vpisal na univerzo Harvard, s čimer je začel tradicijo, ki traja še danes. V času študija na univerzi se je intelektualno preobrazil. Učenje in knjige so postale njegova prva ljubezen. Začel je hrepeneti po prepoznavnosti in slavi. 18. novembra 1755 je začel pisati dnevnik, v katerega je zapisoval dogodke tako političnega kot privatnega življenja. Po zaključku študija se je preselil v Worcester, kjer je poučeval latinščino. Poučevanje ga ni navduševalo, saj je pogrešal intelektualni izziv. Na Adamsovo prihodnost je močno vplival James Putnam, saj ga je s svojimi retoričnimi sposobnostmi prepričal, da bo postal odvetnik. Februarja 1761 sta bila s Samuelom Quincyjem priča prvemu neposrednemu soočenju ameriških kolonij z britansko krono. Adams je več let kasneje zapisal, da se je »rodil otrok neodvisnosti«. Pomembno vlogo v Adamsovem življenju je imela njegova žena Abigail Adams. Njena pisma, ki jih je napisala svojemu možu, veljajo za pomemben vir iz časa revolucionarnega obdobja in kasneje. Po letu 1760 je britanski parlament začel z odplačevanjem dolga, ki je nastal po t. i. sedemletni vojni. Številni zakoni, kot so »Sugar Act«, »Stamp Act« in »Towshend Acts«, so dvignili prebivalce kolonij na noge. To je bil tudi čas Adamsovega začetka spogledovanja s političnim aktivizmom. Pridružil se je domoljubni organizaciji, imenovani »Sons of Liberty«, ker je verjel, da so zakoni nepravični do kolonistov. V želji po oblikovanju odgovora na angleški pritisk in na poti k neodvisnosti so se kolonisti organizirali, da bi odgovorili na zatirajoče zakone. Junija 1774 je predstavniški dom Massachusettsa med drugimi izvolil Johna Adamsa za predstavnika kolonije na prvem kontinentalnem kongresu. Na drugem kontinentalnem kongresu je radikalna skupina, na čelu katere je bil Adams, stremela k popolni neodvisnosti od Velike Britanije. Menil je, da je deklaracija o neodvisnosti nujna za obrambo pred britansko agresijo. 4 julija 1776 je bila podpisana deklaracija o neodvisnosti, katere podpisnik je bil tudi Adams. Po desetletnem službovanju v Evropi se je leta 1788 vrnil v Ameriko. Sprejel je odločitev, da bo kandidiral za predsednika ZDA. Kmalu je spoznal, da bo George Washington postal prvi predsednik ZDA, zato se je zadovoljil s položajem podpredsednika. Po osmih letih, ki jih je preživel kot podpredsednik na položaju, na katerem zaradi ustavnih omejitev ni imel veliko pristojnosti in pooblastil, je sebe že smatral za naslednika na predsedniškem stolu. Leta 1796 je bil izvoljen za predsednika ZDA. Poleg vse večjih težav znotraj lastne stranke se je Adams moral soočati še s prvo mednarodno krizo v državi. Bil je odločen, da se je treba izogniti vojni s Francijo, zato je v stranki prihajalo do vse večjih nesoglasij, kar ga je posledično stalo ponovne izvolitve na predsedniških volitvah. Po porazu leta 1800 se je petinšestdeset let star Adams vrnil v Quincy. Adamsova poslednja želja se je uresničila, saj je doživel 50. obletnico podpisa deklaracije o neodvisnosti. Umrl je ob šesti uri zjutraj 4. julija 1825.
Ključne besede:John Adams, prvi kontinentalni kongres, drugi kontinentalni kongres, Deklaracija o neodvisnosti, podpredsednik, predsednik.
Leto izida:2016
Založnik:[N. Vtič Čuček]
Izvor:Maribor
UDK:929Adams J.(043.2)
COBISS_ID:22474504 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:433
Število prenosov:26
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:FF
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:POLITICAL CAREER OF PRESIDENT JOHN ADAMS TROUGH HIS POLITICAL CORESPONDENCE
Opis:The diploma paper presents the life of one of the most influential and important figures in history. In his lifetime the history was written by a group of people and John Adams played a major role in it. John Adams was born on 30th October 1735, as an eldest son in the family. He was the first Adams to enroll to the Harvard University, starting a tradition that never ended. In the college years he intellectually transformed himself. Studying and books became his first love. He started seeking recognition and fame. On 18th November 1755 he began writing his diary, in which he was writing down the events occurring in the political as well as his private life. After the college degree he moved to Worcester, where he taught Latin. He wasn't very fond of teaching others, since he lacked the intellectual challenge. His future was very much affected by James Putnam, because he convinced Adams with his rhetorical skills to become a lawyer. In February 1761 he and Samuel Quincy witnessed the first direct confrontation between American colonies and the British crown. Adams later wrote that »the child of independence was born«. A very important role in Adams' life belonged to his wife Abigail Adams. Her letters, which she wrote to her husband, are considered as a very significant historical source from that era. In 1760s the British parliament started paying off the debt, which occurred because of the Seven years' war. Many policies, such as »the Sugar Act«, »the Stamp Act« and »the Townshend Acts« caused an uprising among the colonists. This was the time when Adams started flirting with a political activism. He joined a patriotic organization called »Sons of Liberty«, because he believed that the acts are unfair to colonists. In order to formulate a response to the British pressure and to make way to the independence, the colonist organized themselves. In June 1774 the Massachusetts House of representatives elected John Adams as a delegate of the Massachusetts colony at the first continental congress. A radical organization led by Adams was formed at the second continental congress. The organization aimed to achieve a complete independence from the Great Britain. Adams believed that the declaration of independence is essential for the defense against the British aggression. The declaration of independence was signed on 4th of July 1776. Adams also signed the declaration. After 10 years of working abroad in Europe, Adams returned to America in 1788. He decided to run for a president of the United States. He soon realized that George Washington would become the first president of the USA, so he became the vice president. After eight years of serving as a vice president, in a position, which he thought didn't give him many authorities, he considered himself as the next US president. In 1796 he was elected as the president of the United States of America. Adams had to face with the first international crisis in the country. He was determined that the war with France had to be avoided, which led to increasing disagreements within his own party. Consequently, he wasn't elected for a second term as a president of the United States. After the defeat in 1800 a 65-year old Adams returned to Quincy. Adams' final wish came true, as he lived to see the 50th anniversary of the declaration of independence. He died on 4th July 1825 at 6 AM in the morning.
Ključne besede:John Adams, First continental congress, Second continental congress, The Declaration of Independence, vice president, the president.


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