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Title:Primerjava konceptov načrtovanja montažnih linij kuhalnih aparatov
Authors:Turičnik, Borut (Author)
Buchmeister, Borut (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Ačko, Bojan (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Turicnik_Borut_2016.pdf (14,89 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis (m2)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Abstract:Znotraj skupine Gorenje d.d. uporabljamo dva načina načrtovanja proizvodnje kuhalnih aparatov na montažnih linijah. Pri prvem načinu je takt linije konstanten, ne glede na težavnost aparata, ki se sestavlja. V tem primeru na montažno linijo dodajamo oziroma odvzemamo delavce glede na težavnost sestave aparata. Pri drugem načinu načrtovanja je, ne glede na težavnost sestave aparata, število delavcev konstantno. To pomeni, da se v primeru, ko izdelujemo zahtevnejše aparate, le-teh izdela manj, kot če proizvajamo enostavnejše aparate. Da lahko naredimo simulacijo plana za obe varianti in primerjamo zasedenost delavcev v posameznih proizvodnih oddelkih, je potrebno najprej uravnotežiti delovna mesta za varianto s fiksnim številom delavcev. Uravnoteženje izvedemo po metodi Helgeson-Birnie. Na ta način lahko določimo proizvodne takte in definiramo mesečni plan aparatov za simulacijo. Simulacijo zasedenosti delavcev po posameznih oddelkih izvedemo s pomočjo aplikacije v programskem orodju SAP. Izvedemo jo za varianto s konstantnim številom delavcev (KŠD) in varianto s konstantnim delovnim taktom (KDT). Simulacijo izvedemo za tri različne scenarije. Pri prvem scenariju upoštevamo strukturo aparatov, ki jo trenutno proizvajamo. Pri drugem scenariju povečamo delež aparatov, ki so zahtevnejši za sestavo, v tretjem scenariju pa je največji delež aparatov, ki so najenostavnejši za sestavo. Analiza dobljenih podatkov pokaže, da je v vseh treh primerih bolje načrtovati izdelavo aparatov na montažni liniji tako, da je delovni takt konstanten. V tem primeru je boljša tako zasedenost delavcev kot tudi produktivnost, prav tako pa je večje tudi število izdelanih aparatov v določenem časovnem obdobju.
Keywords:sestava, uravnoteženje delovnih mest, konstanten delovni takt, konstantno število delavcev
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:B. Turičnik]
Source:[Maribor
UDC:331.103:658.515(043.2)
COBISS_ID:19802902 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:QLZ9RHHJ
Views:489
Downloads:48
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:KTFMB - FS
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of design concepts of assembly lines for cooking appliances
Abstract:The Gorenje group, inc., uses two ways of production design for cooking appliances on assembly lines. The first one's line cycle is constant regardless of the difficulty of the appliance that is being assembled. Here, we add or take away workers to the assembly line depending on the difficulty of the appliance assembly. In the second way of design, the number of workers is constant, regardless of the difficulty of the appliance assembly. This means that we produce fewer difficult appliances than we would produce simpler ones. In order to make a plan simulation for both versions and compare the occupancy of the workers in individual production departments, we first need to balance the work posts for the version that uses fixed number of workers. The balance is made by Helgeson-Birnie method. This way we can set production cycle and define the monthly plan of appliances for simulation. The simulation of occupancy of the workers in individual departments is made with the help of application in software tool SAP. We make it for the version with the constant number of workers and the version with the constant working cycle. We perform the simulation for three different situations. In the first situation, we consider the structure of the appliance we are currently producing. In the second situation, we increase the share of appliances that are more demanding for the assembly, and in the third situation, the appliances that are the easiest to assemble, represent the highest share. The analysis of given data shows that in all three cases it is better to design the appliance production on the assembly line with a constant work cycle. In this case, both occupancy as well as the productivity of the workers is better, and the number of produced appliances in a certain period is higher.
Keywords:assembly, balancing assembly lines, constant work cycle, a constant number of workers


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