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Title:33. AMERIŠKI PREDSEDNIK HARRY S. TRUMAN IN VPLIV NJEGOVIH ODLOČITEV NA POVOJNE RAZMERE V OBDOBJU NJEGOVEGA PRVEGA MANDATA (1945-48)
Authors:Mujezinovič, Sabina (Author)
Klemenčič, Matjaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Mujezinovic_Sabina_2016.pdf (882,86 KB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Največji vojaški spopad v zgodovini je bila druga svetovna vojna. Začela se je od leta 1939 in trajala do leta 1945. V vojno so bile vpletene svetovne države z svojimi oboroženimi silami Sile osi na eni strani,na drugi pa zavezniške sile. To je boj med Združenimi državami Amerike, Veliko Britanijo, Francijo, Sovjetsko zvezo in Kitajsko proti Nemčiji, Italiji in Japonski. Vojna je zajela precejšnji del sveta (odvija se po celotnem svetu), najbolj prizadete sta bile Evropa in Japonska. Združenim državam Amerike je bilo vojskovanje na domačih tleh prihranjeno. Vojni vihar ni zajel Švice, Španije in Švedske. Vsaka od navedenih držav je imela svoje razloge za nesodelovanje v vojni. Druga svetovna vojna je terjala ogromno človeških žrtev. Podatki navajajo, da je vojni dolg bil 60 milijonov žrtev. Jedrski napad na Hirošimo in Nagasaki ter holokavst, označujeta drugo svetovno vojno kot najbolj krvav spopad v zgodovini. Zraven civilnih žrtev so bila opustošena mesta in celotne pokrajine. Vojna se je končala z zmago zaveznikov nad Nemčijo in Japonsko. Leta 1945 je vojna končana. Poraženki sta Nemčija in Japonska. Posledica vojne je sprememba v političnem prepričanju in družbeni strukturi. Ustanovljena je OZN (Organizacija združenih narodov). Njen namen je preprečiti spopade ter povezati države v medsebojno sodelovanje. Med ZDA in Sovjetsko zvezo nastanejo ideološke razlike, nastopi čas hladne vojne. Hladna vojna je bilo stanje, v katerem ni bilo ne vojne ne miru. Politična in vojaška nesoglasja, spori, lokalne vojne in druga navzkrižja med velesilami in njunima blokoma so bili stalnica hladne vojne. To je bilo obdobje napetosti z vmesnimi obdobji popuščanj in pogajanj med ZDA in Sovjetsko zvezo ter njunimi zavezniki. Hladna vojna je trajala od konca druge svetovne vojne (1945) pa do razpada Sovjetske zveze (1990). Po besedah Winstona Churchilla, izrečenih marca 1946 v Fultonu v ZDA, so komunisti med svoj in sodobni svet spustili Železno zaveso, ki je vzhodni socialistični svet tako rekoč odrezala od zahodnega demokratičnega. Zavesa je potekala od Baltika do Trsta. Meje so več desetletij resnično pomenile pravo železno zaveso. Ob mejah z zahodom so zgradili pas jarkov, minskih polj, ograj, prepredenih z bodečo žico pod električno napetostjo, bunkerjev in stražnih stolpov. Železna zavesa je onemogočila stike med ljudmi, potovanja ter informacije niso mogle potovati iz vzhoda na zahod in obratno. Begunce, ki so ujeli pri begu so jih zaprli ali celo ustrelili.
Keywords:Konec druge svetovne vojne, predaja Japonske, povojno obdobje, Sovjetska zveza, ZDA, spor med Vzhodom in Zahodom, hladna vojna, Marshallov načrt, obnova Evrope, Trumanova doktrina, zajezitev komunizma, Fair Deal, Harry S. Truman.
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:[S. Mujezinović]
Source:Maribor
UDC:94(73):32"1945/48"(043.2)
COBISS_ID:22241288 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:KW1Q1AXK
Views:1480
Downloads:110
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:33RD U. S. PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN AND THE INPACT OF HIS DECISIONS IN POST-WAR PERIOD DURING HIS FIRST TERM OF OFFICE (1945-48)
Abstract:The World War 2 was the biggest armed combat in history. It started in 1939 and it lasted 6 years to end in 1945. Global countries and Superpowers with their armed forces have been involved in it. A battle goes on between Ally and Axis powers. In the battle we have United States of America (USA), United Kingdom (UK), France, Soviet Union (USSR) and China against Germany, Italy and Japan. The WW2 captured a substantial part of the globe (it unfolded itself globally), and Europe and Japan finished the most damaged. The United States of America were spared of battling on home soil. A maelstrom of war had not captured Switzerland, Spain and Sweden. Each of the mentioned countries had their reasons for not participating in the WW2. The War demanded enormous number in human victims. The data reveal that the debt of the World War 2 reflects in 60 million human lives. Unfortunate occurrences such as Holocaust and nuclear bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki mark the World War 2 as the bloodiest battle in human history. Along the civil victims, there were also devastated cities and entire landscapes. The World War 2 ended with a victory of the Ally forces over Germany and Japan in 1945. As a consequence of the war, a political belief and society structure had changed. We witness an establishment of United Nations (UN) organization to strengthen international cooperation as well as to prevent further combats. Between the USA and the Soviet Union we faced a rise of ideological clashes, and thus we got a start of a Cold War. The Cold War was a state that contained neither war nor peace. Political and military discord, disputes, local wars and other clashes between the Superpowers and their blocs were regular features in the Cold War. It was an intense era with interim periods of indulgences and negotiations between the USA and the Soviet Union and their allies. The Cold War lasted from the end of the WW2 in 1945 to disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1990. According to Winston Churchill’s declaration he made in March of 1946 in Fulton, USA; communists were the one that dropped and iron curtain between their world and the contemporary one. The iron curtain ran from Baltic to Trieste. Borders have truly represented a true iron curtain for decades. On the borders with West, they had built a line of ditches, mine fields, fences intersected with barbed wire under electric voltage, bunkers and watchtowers. The iron curtain had disabled contacts among people, traveling, as well as data which could not travel from the East to the West and vice versa. Refugees that got captured while trying to escape were either imprisoned or even got shot. Ideologies of USA and USSR shared basic differences. The Soviet Union was oriented in a one party’s communism and socialism. USA developed a market-oriented economy (capitalism) and a principle of democracy.
Keywords:End of World War 2, Japanese capitulation, postwar era, Soviet union, USA, dispute between East and West, Cold War, Marshall Plan, renovation/rebuilding of Europe, Truman Doctrine, dam of communism, Fair Deal, Harry S. Truman.


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