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Naslov:Pravna razmerja med prodajalcem, prevoznikom in kupcem z vidika pogodbe o (mednarodni) prodaji blaga in pogodbe o (mednarodnem) prevozu blaga po cesti
Avtorji:Drev, Anja (Avtor)
Kranjc, Vesna (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Novo okno
Datoteke:.pdf DOK_Drev_Anja_2016.pdf (2,84 MB)
 
Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Vrsta gradiva:Doktorsko delo/naloga (mb31)
Tipologija:2.08 - Doktorska disertacija
Organizacija:PF - Pravna fakulteta
Opis:Prodaja blaga je v mednarodni in tudi v domači trgovini običajno povezana s prevozom blaga od prodajalca do kupca. V razmerje iz prodajne pogodbe se tako vključi prevoznik, ki na podlagi sklenjene prevozne pogodbe omogoči izpolnitev prodajne pogodbe. Interes kupca pri prodajni pogodbi je praviloma v tem, da prejme s prodajno pogodbo dogovorjeno blago, brez napak, v količini oziroma številu, določenem v pogodbi. Če kupec prejme blago, ki ne ustreza pogodbenim pogojem, če blaga sploh ne prejme ali če ne prejme celotne dogovorjene količine, ima v razmerju do prodajalca na voljo različna pravna sredstva v smeri izpolnitve pogodbe oziroma prilagoditve razmerja dejanskim okoliščinam ali v smeri prenehanja pogodbenega razmerja, prav tako pa tudi zahtevke za povrnitev nastale škode. Uporaba navedenih pravnih sredstev pa je odvisna od izpolnjevanja različnih pogojev, bolj ali manj strogih. Z vključitvijo prevoznika za namene izpolnitve prodajne pogodbe se pravicam in obveznostim, ki za prodajalca in kupca izhajajo iz prodajne pogodbe, pridruži sklop pravic in obveznosti, ki izhajajo iz prevozne pogodbe. Če prevoznik kupcu dobavi poškodovano blago, če mu dobavi manjšo količino blaga ali če mu blaga zaradi izgube med prevozom sploh ne dobavi, se postavi vprašanje, kdo mora nositi breme nastale škode, kakšne zahtevke je mogoče uveljaviti zoper odgovorno osebo in pod katerimi pogoji. Čeprav sta pogodba o prodaji blaga in pogodba o prevozu tega istega blaga v pravnem smislu ločeni in med seboj neodvisni pogodbi, pravice in obveznosti, ki za njune subjekte iz njiju izhajajo, tvorijo kompleks med seboj povezanih razmerij. Z vidika subjektov obeh pogodb je zato pomembno, da se njihove pravice in obveznosti, odgovornost za kršitev pogodbe, pravna sredstva, ki jih je v primeru kršitve pogodbe zoper kršitelja mogoče uveljaviti, in pogoji za njihovo uveljavljanje raziščejo ne le z vidika posameznega pogodbenega tipa, ampak celovito, upoštevaje vso kompleksnost razmerij, in da se razmerja med njimi tudi s tega vidika jasno opredelijo. V disertaciji so tako z vidika slovenskega (OZ, ZPPCP-1) kot z vidika mednarodnega gospodarskega pogodbenega prava (CISG, CMR) obravnavana razmerja med prodajalcem, prevoznikom in kupcem v zvezi z njihovim položajem v prodajni pogodbi in pogodbi o prevozu blaga po cesti. V ta namen so najprej analizirani tisti elementi vsakega pogodbenega razmerja, ki so ključni za nadaljnje raziskovanje interakcije med razmerji iz prodajne in prevozne pogodbe, ki je predmet sklepnega poglavja. V okviru prodajne pogodbe se disertacija osredotoča predvsem na vprašanja v zvezi s prodajalčevo obveznostjo dobave blaga in kupčevo obveznostjo prevzema dobave, prehodom nevarnosti, obveznostjo sklenitve prevozne pogodbe in pogoji, pod katerimi lahko kupec zoper prodajalca uveljavi zahtevke iz naslova kršitve pogodbe. V okviru prevozne pogodbe so obravnavana vprašanja v zvezi z opredelitvijo subjektov prevozne pogodbe, pomenom tovornega lista, prevzemom blaga za prevoz, obveznostmi prevoznika v zvezi z izvedbo prevoza, razpolaganjem z blagom med prevozom, izročitvijo blaga kupcu in vprašanja v zvezi s prevozniško odgovornostjo ter pogoji za njeno uveljavljanje. Izhajajoč iz ugotovitev, sprejetih v poglavju o prodajni in v poglavju o prevozni pogodbi, je v poglavju sinteze obravnavana vloga subjektov ene pogodbe v razmerju iz druge pogodbe. Podrobno so analizirana razmerja v zvezi z odgovornostjo za poškodbo in izgubo blaga in pogoji za uveljavljanje zahtevkov zaradi izgube oziroma poškodbe blaga na poti od prodajalca do kupca.
Ključne besede:prodajna pogodba, prevozna pogodba, prevoz blaga po cesti, pravna razmerja med prodajalcem, prevoznikom in kupcem, OZ, CISG, ZPPCP-1, CMR
Leto izida:2016
Založnik:[A. Drev]
Izvor:Maribor
UDK:347.763:656.1.03(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5179691 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:463
Število prenosov:84
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Področja:PF
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Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Legal Relations between the Seller, the Carrier and the Buyer in Terms of the Contract of (International) Sale of Goods and the Contract of (International) Carriage of Goods by Road
Opis:Both in international and domestic trade, the sale of goods is commonly associated with the transport of goods from the seller to the buyer. The carrier enters the legal relationship arising from the contract of sale and enables the performance of the contract of sale on grounds of a concluded contract of carriage. With the involvement of the carrier, who enters the relationship for purposes of performing the contract of sale, rights and obligations of the seller and buyer arising from the contract of sale are joined by rights and obligations of all parties to the contract of carriage which arise from the latter. If goods delivered by the carrier are damaged, not delivered in proper quantity or not delivered at all due to loss during transit, the question arises who is liable for such damage or loss, what remedies are available against the person liable and at what terms can the remedies be exercised. Even though, in legal terms, the contract of sale of goods and the contract of carriage of the same goods are two separate contracts and independent from one another, the rights and obligations of their parties arising from these contracts form a complex set of interconnected relations. With regard to the parties to both contracts, it is of material importance that their rights and obligations, their liability for breach of contract, the remedies for breach of contract and the conditions at which these remedies can be exercised are thoroughly researched not only in contract-specific terms, but by adopting a holistic approach, taking into account the complexity of relations, and by clearly defining these relations and their legal consequences. The thesis focuses on relations between the seller, the carrier and the buyer with regard to their position in the contract of sale and contract of carriage of goods by road under the rules of Slovene (OZ, ZPPCP-1) and international commercial contract law (CISG, CMR). The opening part of the analysis deals with those elements of each type of contract which are crucial for further research of the interaction between relations arising from sale and carriage, presented in the final part of the thesis. With regard to the contract of sale, the main focus is on questions related to the seller's obligation to deliver and the buyer's obligation to take delivery, passing of the risk, obligations regarding the seller's duty to arrange for carriage of goods to the buyer, and the conditions under which the buyer may exercise his rights in the event of seller's breach of contract. With regard to the contract of carriage, the thesis focuses on questions related to the definition of parties to the contract of carriage, the role of the consignment note, the takeover of goods for carriage, the obligations of the carrier related to the performance of the carriage, the right to dispose of the goods during carriage, the delivery of goods to the buyer, and the questions regarding the carrier’s liability and conditions under which claim or action against the carrier can be brought. Conclusions taken in the chapters on the contract of sale and contract of carriage are applied to research the role of parties of one contract in the relationship arising from the second contract and vice versa, which is presented in the synthesis chapter. The thesis provides a detailed analysis of relations arising from the liability for the damage to or loss of goods, and the conditions under which claim on grounds of damage of or loss to goods incurred during transit from the seller to the buyer can be brought against the liable party.
Ključne besede:contract of sale, contract of carriage, legal relations between the seller, the carrier and the buyer, carriage of goods by road, OZ, CISG, ZPPCP-1, CMR


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