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Title:SOBIVANJE PREBIVALSTVA S KOMUNALNIMI ODPADKI V OBČINI GORENJA VAS - POLJANE
Authors:Dolenc, Andrej (Author)
Senegačnik, Marjan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Dolenc_Andrej_2016.pdf (1,63 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FOV - Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Kranj
Abstract:Živimo v sodobni družbi velike potrošnje in posledično globalnega onesnaževanja našega planeta s prekomernim odlaganjem odpadkov. Proizvedemo velike količine odpadkov in čedalje težje se jih je znebiti, ne da bi pri tem kakor koli vplivali na okolje, v katerem živimo. Zavedati se moramo, da je prvi korak k preprečitvi teh vplivov načrtno ločeno zbiranje in gospodarno ravnanje z odpadki, ki so primerni za ponovno predelavo. Tega se dobro zavedajo v občini Gorenja vas – Poljane, ki je manjša podeželska občina s približno 7.500 prebivalci. Obdaja jo predvsem gričevnato in hribovito območje, ki obsega šest krajevnih skupnosti in 73 naselji z razprostrtostjo 153 km2. Kljub slabim naravnim danostim, ki jih predstavljata redka poselitev in hribovito podeželsko območje, ima občina urejen sistem ravnanja in ločenega zbiranja komunalnih odpadkov na izvoru, za katerega skrbi gospodarska javna služba v okviru režijskega obrata. Vendar nobena stvar ni tako dobra, da ne bi mogla biti še boljša. Ker se odpadki v občini Gorenja vas - Poljane kljub ozaveščanju iz leta v leto povečujejo, smo želeli z diplomskim delom dobiti povratne informacije o tem, kaj o ločevanju komunalnih odpadkov razmišljajo prebivalci tega območja. Do sedaj večjih raziskav na to temo še ni bilo, zato se je rodila ideja, da izvedemo spletno anketo, ki smo jo naredili na vzorcu 200 naključno izbranih gospodinjstev. S tem smo dobili pomembne podatke in obe predvidevanji tudi potrdili. Predvidevali smo, da so občani v občini Gorenja vas - Poljane s sistemom ločenega zbiranja komunalnih odpadkov, z uvedbo metode zbiranja »od vrat do vrat«, z ločenim zbiranjem na ekoloških otokih in v Zbirnem centru komunalnih odpadkov v Todražu dobro seznanjeni in imajo dovolj informacij o pravilnem ločevanju odpadkov. Predvidevali smo tudi, da je treba v prihodnosti nadaljevati z aktivnostmi na področju ozaveščanja javnosti v občini Gorenja vas - Poljane. Raziskava je pokazala, da je okoljska ozaveščenost na visoki ravni, saj odpadke ločuje skoraj 95 % gospodinjstev, slabih 5 % je takih, ki odpadke občasno ločuje. Kot najpomembnejši vir osveščanja o ločenem zbiranju odpadkov nastopa občina Gorenja vas – Poljane – tako je obveščenih 56,5 %. Zelo pozitivni rezultat je, da 86 % vprašanih biološke odpadke odlaga v domači kompostnik, preostalih 12 % pa v za to namenjene zabojnike. Skoraj dve tretjini vprašanih, 62,5 %, je mnenja, da bi morali k izboljšanju odnosa do okolja in zmanjšanju količin odpadkov ter ločevanju odpadkov spodbujati že najmlajše v vrtcih in mladino v šolah. Potrebo po bolj intenzivnem ekološkem ozaveščanju v občini je izrazilo 13 % vprašanih, vsi ostali so mnenja, da je ozaveščanja dovolj. Vse to govori v prid temu, da je treba aktivnosti na področju osveščanja javnosti le še nadgrajevati. Iz tega lahko sklepamo, da je občina Gorenja vas – Poljane s svojimi prebivalci ena izmed naprednejših občin v Sloveniji na področju odpadkovne problematike in varovanja okolja.
Keywords:komunalni odpadki, ekološki otoki, zbirni center, sistem ravnanje in ločevanje odpadkov.
Year of publishing:2016
Source:Maribor
COBISS_ID:7544851 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:QVXW8CNK
Views:1191
Downloads:206
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Categories:FOV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:THE COEXISTENCE OF POPULATION WITH WASTE IN GORENJA VAS - POLJANE
Abstract:We live in a modern society, in a society of great consumption which leads to global pollution of our planet with too much waste. We produce great amounts of waste and it is harder and harder to get rid of it without affecting the environment we live in. We need to be aware that the first step to prevent this impact on the environment is to separate waste intentionally and to treat recyclable waste economically. In the municipality of Gorenja vas – Poljane people are well aware of that. It is a small rural municipality of about 7,500 inhabitants, mostly surrounded by hills and mountains. It consists of 6 local communities and 73 settlements covering 153 km2. Despite poor natural conditions of hilly rural area and sparse settlement, they have a systematically organised waste management and separation at source taken care by public service. But even with great success, there is always room for improvement. Despite of making people aware of it, the amount of waste in the municipality of Gorenja vas – Poljane increases every year. In this diploma paper we want to get some feedback from the inhabitants about what they think about separating waste. Since there is a lack of research done on this subject, an idea to make an online survey about it came up. It includes 200 coincidentally chosen households and finds out some important information and confirms our two hypotheses. We predicted that the people of Gorenja vas – Poljane municipality have enough information about separating waste correctly and are well acquainted with separating and collecting waste, with the »door to door« method of collecting waste collection, with separating waste at ecological collection sites and at Todraž Collection Centre. We also predicted that making people aware with different activities has to be continued in the future in the municipality of Gorenja vas - Poljane. The research showed that the level of environmental awareness is high since almost 95 % of households separate waste and only 5 % separate occasionally. The most important role in informing people about separating waste is played by the municipality of Gorenja vas – Poljane; 56,5 % of people asked are informed this way. A positive result is the fact that 86 % of respondents dispose biodegradable organic waste in composters at home and 12 % in bins provided for bio-waste. Almost two thirds of respondents (62,5 %) believe that children and youth in kindergartens and schools should be encouraged to treat the environment better and reduce and separate waste from early age on. The need for intense rising of ecological awareness in the municipality was expressed by 13 % of the respondents, the rest of them think that there is enough of raising awareness. All this speaks in favour of continuing and upgrading the activities for raising public awareness. We can assume that with its inhabitants, the municipality of Gorenja vas – Poljane is one of the most forward-thinking municipalities in Slovenia, considering the problem of waste management and protection of the environment.
Keywords:waste, ecological islands, collection centre, waste managrement and seperating waste.


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