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Title:NEPOSREDNE TUJE INVESTICIJE V DRŽAVAH BRICS
Authors:ID Pelaj, Lumturije (Author)
ID Logožar, Klavdij (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Pelaj_Lumturije_2016.pdf (1,86 MB)
MD5: 6BE45485AF60B7AEA25B45DD4A90CCED
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:NTI je kategorija investicij, ki odraža cilj, ki ga ima rezidenčno podjetje enega gospodarstva (neposredni investitor) za vzpostavitev trajnega interesa v podjetju (podjetje z neposredno investicijo), ki je v tujini. NTI imajo lahko tako pozitiven vpliv na državo gostiteljico kot tudi negativen vpliv. Tokovi NTI služijo financiranju deficita v tekočem računu in prav tako prispevajo k dodatnemu izvozu ali izboljšanju učinkovitosti celotnega domačega gospodarstva. NTI lahko tudi delujejo kot kanal za prenos tehnologije in vseh vrst idej in organizacijskih veščin, managerskih praks, ki povečujejo celotno produktivnost, sploh v razvijajoči ali manj razviti državi gostiteljici. Ponavadi NTI niso dovoljene v vojaško povezanih industrijah, telekomunikacijah, infrastrukturi, farmaciji, pomorskem transportu ipd. Največkrat so te omejitve utemeljene z zakonom kot problem državne varnosti in zato so takšne ekstremne omejitve zakonsko upravičene in mednarodno sprejete. Raziskava je osredotočena na NTI v državah BRICS. Vse države BRICS imajo relativno stabilno gospodarsko rast, pri čemer Kitajska in Indija nimata le stabilne rasti temveč tudi visoko gospodarsko rast. Države BRICS so hitro razvijajoča se gospodarstva, ki so se pojavila kot glavne prejemnice NTI in pomembne izhodne investitorice. V zadnjem desetletju, so se prilivi NTI v BRICS več kot potrojili na ocenjenih 263 milijard USD v letu 2012. Posledično je njihov delež v svetovnih tokovih NTI naraščal tudi v času krize in dosegel 20 % v letu 2012, v primerjavi z letom 2000 kjer je ta delež predstavljal 6 %. Države BRICS so tudi postale pomembne investitorice, njihove izhodne NTI so se povečale iz 7 milijard USD v letu 2000 na 126 milijard USD v letu 2012 oziroma 9 % svetovnih tokov, v primerjavi z desetimi leti prej, kjer je delež svetovnih tokov bil 1 % (UNCTAD, 2013, str. 1).
Keywords:BRICS, neposredne tuje investicije, vhodne NTI, izhodne NTI, projekti NTI, prevzemi in združitve, greenfield investicije, liberalizacija.
Year of publishing:2016
Publisher:[L. Pelaj]
Source:Maribor
UDC:339.7
COBISS.SI-ID:12224796 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:FZRBUUZE
Publication date in DKUM:10.03.2016
Views:1123
Downloads:165
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:EPF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN BRICS COUNTRIES
Abstract:FDI is a category of investment where the resident enterprise of one economy (direct investor) has a goal to establish a permanent interest in another enterprise abroad (enterprise with direct investment). FDI can have a positive as well as a negative impact on the host economy. FDI flows can contribute to fund deficit in the current account and also contribute to additional export or further improvement of the efficiency of overall domestic economy. FDI can also operate as a channel for technology transfer and a variety of ideas and organizational skills, managerial practices which increase the overall productivity especially in a developing or less developed host economy. Usually, FDI is not allowed in military-related industries, telecommunications, infrastructure, pharmaceutical industries, maritime transport, etc. Most of these restrictions are justified by the law as an issue of national security and, therefore, such extreme restrictions are legally entitled and internationally accepted. The study is focused on the FDI in the BRICS countries. All BRICS countries have relatively stable economic growth except for China and India, which both have not only a stable growth but also a high economic growth. BRICS countries are emerging economies, which have emerged as the main recipients of the FDI and the significant outward investors. In the last decade, the FDI inflows more than tripled to an estimated 263 billion USD in 2012. As a result, their share in global FDI flows grew even during the crisis and reached 20 % in 2012 in comparison with 2000, wherein the share accounted for 6 %. BRICS countries have also become significant investors, their outward FDI increased from 7 billion USD in 2000 to 126 billion USD in 2012, or 9 % of global flows compared with ten years earlier, where the share of global flows was only 1 % (UNCTAD, 2013, p. 1).
Keywords:BRICS, foreign direct investment, inward FDI, outward FDI, FDI projects, mergers and acquisitions, Greenfield investment, liberalization.


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